PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES PSY 313
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hermina Little on Friday October 23, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 313 at University of Kentucky taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see /class/228249/psy-313-university-of-kentucky in Psychlogy at University of Kentucky.
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Date Created: 10/23/15
PSY 313 Study Guide for Comprehensive Final Exam 1 Know general research issues related to the study of personality In particular you will need to know the experimental method correlational method and case study Know components of each and pros and cons of each Know the similarities and differences between the trait theorists Allport Eysenk and Cattell think especially of personality structure and approaches to studying personality Know the Five Factor Model What method did they use to derive the ve factors What is the lexical hypothesis What are the ve factors Know Freuds theory of personality a Id ego superego b 39 r c psychosexual stages of development Be able to discuss the ways that genes and the environment interact Understand heritability estimates What methods are used to derive heritability estimates ie twin studies Know research on early temperament and personality characteristics Be able to describe Rogers humanisticphenomenological approach to personality Include unconditional positive regard conditional positive regard positive selfregard conditions of worth and congruenceincongruence Know Maslows heirarchy of needs Summarize the research on the self and selfschemas Understand reciprocal determinism Know locus of control internal and external and expectancies generalized and specific Understand the concept of interactionism Be able to discuss the important facets of socialcognitive theory observational learning goals and internal standards explanation of some psychopathology from this Viewpoint see back side for further questions These last few questions require that you think about the theories we have discussed compare and contrast them and integrate information that we have discussed across the semester Memorization will not be enoughByou need to actively think about the questions 15 You will need to be able to compare and contrast the major viewpoints on personality that we have discussed in class You will nd it helpful to think about and consider what the strengths and weaknesses of each theory are What do the following theories do well and where are they lacking MMMMMU psychoanalytic Freud psychodynamic those who came after Freud trait theories especially the Big Five phenomenologicalhumanistic socialcognitivecognitive biological learning 16 Also think about the major issues on which the personality theories are divided Where does each of the above theories stand on those issues You may find the chart in the front cover of your book helpful for getting you started a View of the person E g Freud sees us as wrought with con icts that are outside of our awareness while Rogers takes a more optimistic viewBthat we all have a natural tendency toward growth Internal versus external causes of behavior similar to above personsituation controverswahere does each stand Concept of the selfBimportant to which theories ignored in which theories Concept of the unconscious important to which theories unimportant or less important in which Importance of past present and future 17 Describe similarities between the humanisticphenomenological perspective and the socialcognitive perspective
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