Psychology Research Methods
Psychology Research Methods 314
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jasmine C. Green on Thursday March 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 314 at Towson University taught by Amy Bennett in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Psychlogy at Towson University.
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Date Created: 03/24/16
II. Ethics Standards governing the conduct of a person or the members of a profession APA Ethical Guidelines Most recent revision in 2002 A. Guidelines for human subjects 1. Informed Consent 2. Deception 3. Debriefing 4. Confidentiality 5. Minimize Harm 1. Informed consent Purpose of research, duration, procedure Right to decline or withdraw at any time Potential risks, discomfort, harm, limits to confidentiality, and incentives Who to contact for information Accomplished with consent forms 2. Deception is not allowed unless Justified by study’s significance There is no other way to do the study No pain or severe emotional distress Deception is explained immediately 3. Debriefing Give appropriate information about the study as soon as possible 4. Confidentiality All identifying information is kept confidential 5. Minimize harm Psychological and physical Institutional review boards (IRBs) Decides if a proposed study is ethical At least 5 people assess risk to subjects Review questions Who are ethical guidelines intended to protect? Anyone human that will be taking a psychological test. Why are ethical guidelines necessary? To ensure that the subjects are comfortable and minimize harm. List and describe the ethical guidelines for research on human subjects. 1.Informed Consent to explain the study and prepare the individual for any discomfort, usually used with consent forms. 2.Deception never deceive unless it is justified by the study’s significance 3.Debriefing debriefing is necessary no matter what 4.Confidentiali must keep all information confidential 5.Minimize Harm if there is harm it must remain minimal or none at all When is deception allowed? Only if it is justifiable for the study. When is informed consent NOT required? You must get informed consent Who decides if a study is ethical? The Institutional Review Board Who makes up an IRB? Five people, usually one or two professors and other volunteers B. Animal Research Arguments against animal research ● Animals have the same rights as humans ● Research is unnecessary or irrelevant Arguments for animal research ● Research benefits humans ● Some studies cannot be done on humans ● Research benefits animals APA Guidelines ● Comply with laws and regulations ● An xpert supervises all procedur s ● An expert instructs other members of l b ● Minimize pain and discomfort ● Cause discomfort only when no other options exist ● Use nesthesia, etc. during surge ies ● Terminate with minimal pain IACUC ● Institutional animal care and use committee ● Like IRB for animal research C. Other guidelines ● No falsifying data ● No plagiarism ● Authors on articles must participate in the research ● Only publish data once ● Must share data following publication Review questions What are the arguments for the use of animal research? Animals have the same rights as humans Research is unnecessar or irrelevant What is an IACUC? The IRB for animal research List two guidelines for the ethical use of animals in research. Use anesthesia, etc. during surgerie Terminate with minimal pain What constitutes fraud in research? Plagiarism and falsifying data
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