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Psychology Research Methods

by: Jasmine C. Green

Psychology Research Methods 314

Marketplace > Towson University > Psychlogy > 314 > Psychology Research Methods
Jasmine C. Green
GPA 3.2

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About this Document

This is an outline, created last semester with a lot of notes that are not on the power points. I hope this helps. Let me know if you have any questions!
Research Methods
Amy Bennett
Study Guide
Research Methods Ethics
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jasmine C. Green on Thursday March 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 314 at Towson University taught by Amy Bennett in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Psychlogy at Towson University.


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Date Created: 03/24/16
II. Ethics  Standards governing the conduct ​ of a person or the members of a profession  APA Ethical Guidelines  Most recent revision in 2002  A. Guidelines for ​ human subjects  1. Informed Consent  2. Deception  3. Debriefing  4. Confidentiality  5. Minimize Harm    1. Informed consent  Purpose of research, duration, procedure  Right to decline or withdraw at any time  Potential risks, discomfort, harm, limits to confidentiality, and incentives  Who to contact for information  Accomplished with consent forms  2. Deception is not allowed unless  Justified by study’s significance  There is no other way to do the study  No pain or severe emotional distress  Deception is explained immediately   3. Debriefing  Give appropriate information about the study as soon as possible  4. Confidentiality  All identifying information ​is kept confidential  5. Minimize harm  Psychological and physical        Institutional review boards (IRBs)  Decides if a proposed study is ethical  At least 5 people assess risk to subjects  Review questions  Who are ethical guidelines intended to protect?  Anyone human that will be taking a psychological test.  Why are ethical guidelines necessary?  To ensure that the subjects are comfortable and minimize harm.  List and describe the ethical guidelines for research on human subjects.  1.Informed Consent­ to explain the study and prepare the individual for any discomfort,   usually used with consent forms.  2.Deception­ never deceive unless it is justified by the study’s significance  3.​Debriefing debriefing is necessary no matter what  4.​Confidentiali must keep all information confidential  5.Minimize Harm­​ if there is harm it must remain minimal or none at all  When is deception allowed?  Only if it is justifiable for the study.  When is informed consent NOT required?  You must get informed consent  Who decides if a study is ethical?  The Institutional Review Board  Who makes up an IRB?  Five people, usually one or two professors and other volunteers    B. Animal Research  Arguments ​against animal research  ● Animals have the same rights as humans  ● Research is unnecessary​ or irrelevant  Arguments for animal research  ● Research benefits humans  ● Some ​ studies cannot be done on humans  ● Research ​ benefits animals  APA Guidelines  ● Comply with laws and regulations  ● An ​xpert supervises all procedur s ● An expert instructs other members of l b ● Minimize pain and discomfort  ● Cause discomfort only when no other options exist  ● Use ​nesthesia, etc. during surge ies ● Terminate with minimal pain  IACUC  ● Institutional animal care and use committee  ● Like IRB for animal research  C. Other guidelines  ● No falsifying data  ● No plagiarism  ● Authors on articles must participate in the research  ● Only publish data once  ● Must share data following publication  Review questions  What are the arguments for the use of animal research?  ­ Animals have the same rights as humans  ­ Research is unnecessar or irrelevant  What is an IACUC?  ­ The IRB for animal research     List two guidelines for the ethical use of animals in research.  ­ Use a​nesthesia, etc. during surgerie  ­ Terminate with minimal pain  What constitutes fraud in research?  ­ Plagiarism and falsifying data   


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