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Chapter 4

by: Upasana Raja

Chapter 4 2301

Upasana Raja

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Physical, Sensory, and Perceptual Development in Infancy full notes for Exam
Ronald D. Taylor
Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Upasana Raja on Thursday March 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 2301 at Temple University taught by Ronald D. Taylor in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see FOUNDATIONS OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY in Psychlogy at Temple University.


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Date Created: 03/24/16
 Synaptogenesis: The process of synapse development  Pruning: The process of elimination unused synapses  Plasticity: The ability of the brain to change in response to experience  Myelinization: A process in neuronal development in which sheaths made of a substance called myelin gradually cover individual axons and electrically insulate them from one another to improve the conductivity of the nerve  Reticular Formation: The part of the brain that regulates attention  Adaptive Reflexes: Reflexes, such as sucking that help newborn survive  Primitive Reflexes: Reflexes, controlled by "primitive" part of the brain, that disappear during the first year of life  Colic: An infant behavior pattern involving intense daily bouts of crying totaling 3 or more hours a day  Dynamic System Theory: The view that several factors interact to influence development  Infant Mortality: Death within the first year of life  Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS): A phenomenon in which an appendix healthy infant dies suddenly and unexpectedly  Visual Activity: How well one can see details at a distance  Tracking: The smooth movements of the eye used to follow track of a moving object  Auditory Acuity: How well one can hear  Preference Technique: A research method in which a researcher keeps track of how long a baby looks at each of two objects shown  Habituation: A decline in attention that occurs because a stimulus has become familiar  Dishabituation: Responding to a somewhat familiar stimulus as if it were new  Intermodal Perception: Formation of a single perception of a stimulus that is based on information from two or more senses  Depth Perception: The ability to judge the distances of objects, which also allows us to see them in three dimensions  Liner Perspective: A type of monocular cue in which parallel lines appear to converge at some point in the distance. The impression that railroads lines are getting closer together as they get farther away  Motion Parallax: A monocular depth cue in which we view objects that are closer to us as moving faster than objects that are further away from us  Early as 1 month: Babies can discriminate between speech sounds like pa and da  About 6 months: Babies begin to lose the ability to distinguish pairs of vowels that do not occur in the language they are hearing  By age 1: The ability to discriminate nonheard consonant contrasts begins to fade  Nativists: Theorists who claim that perceptual abilities are inborn  Empiricists: Theorists who argue that perceptual abilities are learned


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