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Date Created: 10/23/15
PROGRAM L Apprenti Sorcier The sorcerer s apprentice by Paul Dukas 1865 1935 Cello Concerto in C Major Oppus 37 by Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897 1957 One movement Kol nidrei opus 47 Adagio for Violoncello by Max Bruch 1838 1920 Don Juan Oppus 20 by Richard Strauss 1865 1957 Moores School Symphony Orchestra At Moores Opera House University of Houston Friday October 2 2015 730 PM PERSONNEL Conducted by Professor Franz Anton Krager Director of Orchestras Guest artist Solo Cellist Anthony Kitai from Houston Symphony awardWinnign conducting led orchestras internationally affiliates With leading music fefsticals became a part of the Houston Symphony in 2001 Acting Associate Principal Cellist Soloist appeared With many orchestras and many music festival appearances Also a passionate and committed teacher for Moores School of Music 5 Flutes 2 Piccolo 4 Oboes 1 English horn 2 Clarinets 1 Bass Clarinets 4 Bassoons 2 Contrabassons 7 Horns 4 Trumpets 3 Tenor 1 Bass Trombone 1 Tuba 3 Harps 1 Piano 1 Celeste Percussion 35 violins 13 violas 10 violoncelli 10 contrabassi L39Apprenti Sorcier The sorcerer39s apprentice by Paul Dukas 1865 1935 Most renowned piece by this French composer Written based on Johann Wolfgang Goethe s poem under the same title Already a famous orchestral work as it stands alone Made more popular by its appearance in Fantasia a Walt Disney movie Romantic style programmatic music Which is also found by many contemporary composers as an alternative form to past symphonic genres In Goethe s poem the sorcerer s apprentice attempts to perform magic while the sorcerer is away and enchants a broomstick to carry buckets of water for him Initially very pleased with himself the apprentice quickly loses control of the situation as the broom continues to carry in so much water that the house actually starts to ood Unable to nd the magic words to undo his spell the apprentice hastily resorts to chopping the broom in half with an axe only to see both pieces come back to life and continue fetching water from the river at an even greater pace The story concludes with the sorcerer returning home to this chaotic scene and ordering the broom back into the closet nally breaking the spell two utes and piccolo two oboes two soprano clarinets and bass clarinet three bassoons and contrabassoon four horns two trumpets two cornets three trombones timpani glockenspiel bass drum cvmbals triangle hiirp and strings The formidable glockenspiel part is sometimes handled by a pianist playing a keyboard glockenspiel or celesta but is usually played by a percussionist on a traditional glockenspiel making it a common orchestral excerpt for percussion auditions In the beginning we could hear the utes bright sparkling and oboes playing violin as bass leading us slowly into some kind of mysterious yet magical world It s neither happy or sad but it has the alluring effect to it We felt as if adventure is just imminent and yet a hidden world was raving for our exploration After 1 minute all of a sudden the dynamics changed Pizzicato of violins and harps and trumpets brilliant brassy penetrating and piccolos made its appearance again slowly French horns strings accompanied Pizzicato staccato and harps again surprising effects fast like we just slide through a tunnel of a rabbit hole into Wonderland Loud Trumpet tada Fast and then stopped silence like fear and then starting to explore pum pumpum tiptoeing walking on grass not exactly fear but wary Contrabassoons making heartbeat sounds like taking the stairs step by step quickly secretive slowly came to a whole lot of sound with trumpets adding to the dynamics Glockenspiel came in fairy dust freckled everywhere Outburst everything that s when magic came out of control and then Dynamics changed again bassoons heartbeat cello strings were doing their work Then came to a steady slow harmony strings Drums conductor intense motions off the strings like magic conductor is like real apprentice of the socerer Trombones combines the brilliance of trumpet with the mellowness of French horn made their brassy entrances for each wave of explosive streaming stop Bassoon made sneaky low voice again obes come in harmony faster and faster pick up tempo came back to the basic motif All the woodwinds came in faster strings came in faster pick up the pace like the sorcerer had jsut come home and tried to solve the mess and made everything in place again tremelo of string kettledrums trombone all in full motions the whole orchestra aloud but in order Drums building up the tension brass became increasing loud and cymbals brass like French horns cheering for the socerer s triumphant victory of settling the magic failure home Stop Bassoon pick up 1 by one joinedd bty strings slowly like the start but not secretive but peaceful conductor could finnaly calm pucky each instruket and end tatatata Cello Concerto in C Major Opus 37 by Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897 1957 One movement 13mins Rich chromatic Late Romantic compositional style was not popular then revival of interest and recognition founder of film music This work is from 1950 expansion for a piece writing for the movie called Deception His last score of original film Austrian American composer child prodigy Featuring guest Anthony Kitai in the spotlight didn t wear a suit stood out from the rest no music sheet remember Cello main strings harps trombones oboes tuba picolas perussions Overall mood dramatic stormy Opening turbulent shifting from C major to minor 2nd theme lyrical after cadenza became basis for repetition of slow sectionsmovements Finale quite fast development of the first theme final grand statemt of the wnd lyrical theme httpwwwamusiccomcompositionconcertofor celIoorchestrainc op37mc0002392072 Orchestra Strings as a whole grand opening with trombones harps cello had its first solo fast varied in expressions urgent super fast varied change tension in face motion of the performer Strings harmonize drums trombones sadness slow lengthened vibrations tuba strong harmony lots of percussion harps classy Slow Vibrato high heavily used in Romantic period warmth and expression back and forth motion wide range of expression melancholic throbbing expressive Warmer tone and depth Strings joined in with harps the face of the guest artist feeling in the moment like back to the childhood reminiscent pinch to it Strings suddenly fast but low tone and cello cam in again plucked strings pizzicato oboes and timpani one only and trombone oboes making their way for another cello higher and higher building up everything Stop and then solo performance fast but not melancholic low tone artist shaking looking down stop and the strings came low then the cello took turns appearing again higher tone vibrato again sadness fast piano glockenspiel came in for a while then piccolo shrill whistlelikead its entrance then make its duet with the cello Oboes would come once in a while making the entrance for each stream of cello solo part Changed no longer sad but more mystical walking faster harps plucked strings adventurous picking up tempos oboes came in for decoration Then cello did its own jobs again fast and fast showcase skill like the limelight is now for cello and only itself alone then cam in orchestra barn in a while While orchestra cello stop for one sec and then came in again with the whole bam bam drums over Kol nidrei opus 47 Adagio for Violoncello by Max Bruch 1838 1920 Aka All Vows work for cello and orchestra A requested song form Robert Hausmann Combination of Late Romantic harmonies Jewish folk tunes Igt Work of great power and beauty 2 main themes based on Hebew Melodies 1 K01 Nidre Prayer eveing service lend the title 2 She Walks in Beauty poem and Isaac Nathan s arrangement Protestant Christian music and interin Jewish fold music for solo cello 2 utes 2 oboes 2 clarinets 2 bassoons 4 horns 2 trumpets 3 trombones timpani l p and strings Kol Nidre 12mins hardly any big changes Strings harmony Very Slowgt Prelude for cello Making cello a star Melancholy sadness gloom low pitch Then high like telling the stories re ect back to the old good times Went in streams waves Then came the vibrato high childhood freedom peace feelings then slow low again Pizzicato bass with strings beautiful still slow tiptoeing on the field Cello made its aspartame again This part rather fast for once we could feel the motion Then slow again extremely slow slow vibrato greenfield again but it39s now only a reminiscence Frown artist feeling it always sad eyes closed Ended in high notes but slow really slow Don Juan Oppus 20 by Richard Strauss 1865 1957 20mjns E major in 1889 Romantic piece style German composer when 24 gt immediate international success A hallmark for modernistic phase at the end of the century Don Juan legend Libertine in Spanish Renaissance but this composition is also based on they play by Nikolaus Lenau After all Don Juan s womanizing attitude can be traced to his will for finding the ideal girl for his own despair and his death Can be compared to Mozart s Don Giovanni opera from the 18th century Level of difficulty makes it great for any auditions Strauss conducted this premiere piece himself gt grand success No description on score yet the story is easy to follow program music 3 utes 3rd doubling piccolo 2 oboes English horn 2 clarinets 2 bassoons contrabassoon 4 horns 3trumpets 3 trombones tuba timpani triangle cymbals glockenspiel harp and strings Symphonic poem forceful exuberant energetic opening with bold brassy interjections Soon came romance by solo violin oboes evening liaison Tender mood is broken by French horn confident and heroic theme Repeated intertwined themes clearly homophonic now The theme intensified and became ardent throughout ended mood of storm coming Soft and mournful tender near end death of Don Juan But in Strauss style Don Juan spirit revived even after his death A wistful ending in place of a grand finale dying breaths died in duel httpwwwbritannicacomtopicDon Juan tone poem by Strauss httpwwwamusiccomcompositiondonjuantonepoemfor orchestraopZOtrv156mc0002369769 Full orchestra brass kettle drums strings adventure life excitement timpani trumpet French horns ute Percussion adding the ornamental brilliance Scary slow dropping tempo ute piccolo mystique cave Then strings came homophonic violin did the work high like a plant leading the way slight percussion for ornament Oboes then strings harmony beautiful again with strings slow high streams In a dream or field again dreamy oboes harmonize w brass for tension building climax Trombones In constant reed drums came 2 in slow stop Strings again slow piccolo tell storm and real adventure not scary but funnel of storm sucking in slowly perfusion cymbals joined French horn grand tententen small utes sneaky cello bass Then came the Oboes nasal intense expressive solo spotlight with really monophonic Gentle strings telling the story of love passion slow miss a girl second oboe basson deeply nasal favorite part something sweet English horn alto oboe Then came styles change high price violins drums tempo fast Then oboes had it part small but louder different brass overwhelming xylophone strings building up to the max max low fast trumpets loud star French horns dominate harps adds timpani Change again Oboe small and violin solo it39s apart each piccolo high French horns less brassy more mellow tuba thick heavy tone add weight to lowest register of an orchestra not loud small sneaky hiding building up with string Now like goin to the festival the fair brass everything grand made its opening High tremolo sense of tension French horn especially clear Trombones stop Strings followed immediately drums steady building stop stop 4 secs Start w brass trombone small strings extremely slow low shimmering then all stop a few more fading effects and full stop
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