Midterm Juvenile Justice System Study Guide
Midterm Juvenile Justice System Study Guide CJA3395-01
Popular in Delinquency and the Juvenile Justice System
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Peter Wright on Friday October 23, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to CJA3395-01 at Mansfield University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Justin Crowl in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Delinquency and the Juvenile Justice System in Criminal Justice at Mansfield University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 10/23/15
CJA 3395 Delinquency and the JJS FALL 2015 Study Guide for Exam 2 Juveniles and the Police Identify and explain common myths and truths ofjuvenile gangs There are more women in gangs now than before It39s not just blacksminorities who make up gangs not even the majority They have moved to suburban and rural areas more now than before Not all of them are involved with drugs Restrictions regarding juvenile processing juveniles have limited rights only permitted bench trial civil case etc Legal factors in uencing intake decisions Prior record seriousness of offence etc Extralegal factors that in uence intake decisions Be familiar with each factor type Race class attitude age lnculpatory and exculpatory evidence lnculpatory evidence that indicates guilt Exculpatory evidence that indicates innocence Prosecutorial Decision Making Be familiar with the roles ofjuvenile prosecutors Can waive the juvenile in states that allow direct leprosecutorial waivers Manages plea negotiations with the defense Intentions are to adjudicate or incarcerate the juvenHe Burden of proof For juvenile cases it is Preponderance of Evidence 51 or more sure of guilt For adult cases it is Beyond and Reasonable Doubt 90 or more certain of guilt It is harder to incarcerate someone in the adult court but the punishments are more severe Classi cation and Preliminary Treatment Need to separate status offenders from delinquents Why Impact on classi cation Used for the same reason it is used in the adult prison Separate delinquents from status offenders because delinquents committed actual crimes unlike status offences which is truancy runaway curfew etc and have a higher chance of recidivating It also separates the younger from older and the violent from the non violent For the obvious reasons What are juvenile transfers Based on idea Rationales Why do we use transfers Some juveniles are too far gone to help Some have commit crimes so bad nothing but adult incarceration will contain them Sample Questions 1 What are several discretionary options police of cers may exercise in their relations with juveniles Police often turn a blind eye to delinquent behavior provided it is not obviously destructiveviolent If a complaint is led they will often act passively on it Many times of cers just return juveniles to their parents This is to avoid putting more juveniles into an overcrowded system Brie y outline the process police of cers often follow when arresting juveniles Differentiate between arresting juveniles and taking juveniles into custody Custody could mean the child is being taken away to protect the child from a bad home situation or held at a police station to ensure their safety Arresting means they are being detained for committing a delinquent act After arrest the juvenile will go through the Intake screening process What is intake and what is involved in the intake process Who oversees the intake of juvenile offenders An informal screening where court of cials decided what to do with the juvenile offender Outcomes include unconditional release release to parentsguardians with conditions placed in con nement or waived to the adult court The intake of cer oversees the process What discretionary options do intake officers exercise in their dealings with juvenile offenders They can choose to just release the juvenile to their parents or refer them to intakea community based sanction Identify three legal and three extralegal factors that in uence how youthful offenders are treated in the juvenile justice system Legal Offence severity prior record nature behind act Extralegal Age race and class In what respects has the prosecutorial role in juvenile matters changed over the last several decades Prosecutors now must be extremely cautious when handling juvenile cases due to the fact that now they have more rights than before and the whole system has become increasingly formalized Why should the processing of juvenile offenders be accelerated Because the longer they sit stagnant in a criminal like system the higher their chance of recidivating becomes Are juvenile offenders entitled to public defenders What functions do attorneys forjuveniles serve in juvenile courts When waived to the adult court yes They provide an avocation for fairness vital procedural information to their client has say in plea negotiations reduces prosecutorial misconduct prevents railroading 9 What is a juvenile waiver Identify and de ne four different types of waivers 0 Judicial waiver the judge decides to waive the juvenile used in 47 states DC 0 Prosecutorialdirect le waiver the prosecution waives the juvenile used in 10 states DC 0 Demand waiver the juvenile themselves demand to be waived to the adult court 0 AutomaticStatutory waiver the crime is so severe it is automatically sent to adult court 10 What are some positive and negative implications of waivers for juvenile offenders Discuss each brie y Pros to getting waived to the adult court 0 Additional rights given like a trial by jury Enhanced public and jury sympathy Burden of proof goes up to quotbeyond reasonable doubt so it is harder to convict a juvenile Cons Death penalty is suddenly a possible punishment Sentencing becomes more severe Case becomes public Prison is far more dangerous than a juvenile facility 11 What types of youthful offenders are usually transferred Are those transferred necessarily the most dangerous and serious juvenile offenders Those who commit propertydrug crimes are more likely to get waived 60 Only 36 are violent offenders and they are not usually targeted for a waiver Since the judge has such wide discretionary power bias towards habitual offenders property criminals and drug users who are seen as bad people in general causes this
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