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Exam 2 Study Aid

by: Alexandra Reshetova

Exam 2 Study Aid THEA 2040

Alexandra Reshetova
GPA 4.0
Introduction to the Theatre
Jerri Lynn Tubbs (P)

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About this Document

This is for Exam 2 in the Introduction to Theatre class. Students should also look at the notes given in class. Thank you!
Introduction to the Theatre
Jerri Lynn Tubbs (P)
Study Guide
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This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexandra Reshetova on Friday October 23, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to THEA 2040 at Georgia State University taught by Jerri Lynn Tubbs (P) in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 242 views. For similar materials see Introduction to the Theatre in Theatre at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 10/23/15
Study Guide for Theatre Exam 2 A Doll s House Portrays women s roles in society Part of Realism and controversial Torvald looks at the letter that Krogstad sent Climax There are several tones gloomy drab profound intellectual One theme the unfair treatment of women in the home Nora s freedom is constricted by the middle class values that Torvald grasps in the highest esteem The title of the play is a metaphor for restrictions that are placed on women in society The play includes 1 a coherent and simple elaborated exposition 2 important and essential secrets 3 the use of a letter There are some symbols in the play such as 1 New Year s Day this signifies the changes that will take place in the Helmer home this is showing the portrayal of Nora as someone who is a doll and is 2 Christmas Tree pleasing to look at A repeating element in the play are 1 Krogstad s letters 2 one letter where Torvald finds out about Nora s promise to pay and 9 66 crime another letter where he gives back Nora s withdraws the blackmailing threat 2 Dr Rank s letters he puts letters in the mailbox with black crosses on them symbolizing that his death process has began 3 Torvald s letter he gives the letter of Krogstad departure to the maid so she can mail it right away in order to defy Nora 4 Kristine s letter to Krogstad written because she want to have an encounter with him These letters can show important events in the play 0 Nora s dance symbolizes last moment of life attempt at a life that is satisfying Characters in the play include 1 Nora Helmer main character Also called a Protagonistwife to Torvald forges her father s signature is treated like a doll acts rebelliously eating macaroons has a false joyful presentation leaves Torvald and the children at the end of the play 8 9 Torvald Helmer 2 main character Could be considered an antagonist regards Nora as a youngster received a job in the bank has full leadership in the household his status in society is very important to him Kristine Linde dear friend of Nora s at the end stays with Krogstad the readers finds out that she married another man for money in order to take care of her mother and two brothers but she was originally with Krogstad Dr Rank best friend of Torvald in love with Nora leaves letters in the mail box with black crosses Nils Krogstad main antagonist lawyer who had a position at the bank before Torvald interfered blackmails Nora and lets her suffer committed forgery lost his bank job ends up with Kristine Linde The children of Nora and Torvald are left in the care of Anne Marie and Torvald Anne Marie helps with the children and other duties but also a nurse had a daughter of her own but had to give her up and took care of Nora good natured person Helene the maid in the Helmer household delivers the letter that Torvald wrote for Krogstad s removal A Porter lONora s father deceased Nora forges his signature 0 Summary of the play In A Doll s House Nora Helmer a capable and pro cient female who defies the position of women in her male authoritative community commits forgery in order to save her husband s life She borrows money from Krogstad whom she admits to her wrongful doing of signing her father s name on the agreement Upon coming to the realization of Nora s act from reading the letter that Krogstad left in the mailbox Torvald is furious and reveals that he only really cares about himself When she comes to the conclusion that he never truly loved her at all Nora leaves Torvald and the children Anton Chekhov 1 Author and a playwright Russian 2 An expert of the contemporary short story 3 A different atmosphere is present in his stories and plays expressive emotional powerful touching 4 His short stories and best plays did not contain well ordered solutions or plot points that were complicated Was originally studying in the medical eld Supported himself and his family through his writings First play that was a success 1887 produced in Moscow Pla that failed d 1889 h written in 1895 production not a success until produced in 1898 by the Moscow Art Theatre Konstantin Stanislavsky 10Moscow Art Theatre produced 1 899 1900 1904 11Composed short farces early plays that he wrote 12Key themes include day to day activities that present certain meanings of importance the thoughtfulness of the nature of humans a separation between comedy and tragedy 13 Those themes are demonstrated in The Seagull Uncle Vanya The Steppe and The Lady with the Dog 14 Was associated with Konstantin Stanislavsky 15 Was associated with Moscow Art Theatre 16 Techniques include develop plots and themes between the lines and make complicated relationships between his characters secrets 17 Avoided in the Cherry Orchard direct statements melodramatic effects political didacticism 18Blended comedy and tragedy in the Cherry Orchard tragicomedy 5990809quot The Cherry Orchard First Publication 1904 First Performance January 17 1904 Original language Russian Full name of play The Cherry Orchard A Comedy of Four Acts The play does not contain a narrator Can be considered a tragedy and comedy Setting of the play Ranevsky s country estate the start of 20th century between May and October 8 The play is told in ashbacks and directly 9 Act Three Climax Lopakhin says that he purchased the orchard 10Lyuba Ranevsky Protagonist 11In August Lopakhin buys the estate and the residents leave in October Act Four the inhabitants are leaving NQMFP NE 12Breaking string sound and the cherry orchard 13Nature separating with the past the old Russia vs modernity 14Inadequate communication insecurity width one self the combination of symbolism and naturalism 15Extreme distress sarcastic cynical preposterous 16Act Four Firs scene of death is foreshadowed in Act One when he walks across the stage Act One Lopakhin says the cherry orchard can only be saved by his plan and he is foreshadowing the purchase of the orchard by declaring this l7Penetrates the boundaries of realism by illustrating a Russian aristocratic family dealing with problems that can happen in real life 18Dialogue is simple and not complicated Characters in the play 0 Madame Ranevsky Lyubov Andreyevna Lyuba means love in Russian 1 Middle aged 2 Russian estate owner 3 Also owns the Cherry Orchard Anya 17 years old Ranevsky s daughter biological Swift to comfort her mom after the family looses the orchard She becomes close with Trofimov which causes Varya to believe they are involved romantically Varya 24 years old Ranevsky s daughter adopted In love with Lopakhin She does not think that Lopakhin will give her a marriage proposal Cry baby Has a sense of inability Estate s manager will lose job if Ranevsky loses the estate Does not have a husband or money Gaev Leonid Andreyevitch 1 Brother to Ranevsky 2 51 years old acts like a child 3 Has verbal habits 4 Can give very heart felt speeches however he is silenced by Anya his niece and then responds I am silent ewwe 39WNQMWNE39 WNr ko E Ni Mewwe PM 99WPE 5 To the people not of his own social class he exhibits other behavior 6 Speaks with disrespect to people with whom he does not agree Lopahin Yermolay Alexeyevitch Son of peasants on the estate Businessman Middle aged younger than Lyuba Very self aware largely in front of Ranevsky Grandparents were in the possession of the Ranevsky family 6 All the time complains about his absence of education and treatment in front of Ranevsky 7 Was a peasant on the estate Trofimov Pyotr Sergeyevitch Tutored Ranevsky s son A student Local University Eternal Student according to Lopakhin because he was in the university Adult life A foil for Ranevsky and Lopakhin Ugly Believes in utopian idealism Semyonov Pishtchik Fellow Landowner A nobleman In financial difficulties Maintains limitless optimism Always certain he will locate money to pay off the mortgages Charlotta Ivanovna Govemess to Anya When she was young traveled town to town and performed tricks The Dive of Death before her parent s died A clown sort of because she performs tricks for the elite Yasha Yopakhin Ranevsky She mocks their preocuptions while perfoming the tricks for rich Epihodov Semyon Pantaleyevitch A clerk Simple Simon Source of delight for the workers and an amusement Issues comic relief Loves Dunyasha Proposed to Dunyasha 9993 PWNE39 M9WPE39 gt1 OOOOLIIPUJNEOQSI Poses as a hopeless lover and romantic Dunyasha Maid Loves Yasha A foil to Yasha Free from moral wrong and naive Object of Yephikodov s affections Firs 87 year old manservant Talks about when the estate was rich Talks about how the master made journey s by carriage Talks about most often how life was before the peasants were independent Surviving connection to the estate s past symbolizes the past Gets left behind by the family Yasha Young manservant Traveled with Ranevsky ever since she left Complains about how Russia is not civilized Utilizes Dunyasha s love for him physical pleasure Not pleasant and revolting Vagrant Station Master Post Of ce Clerk Visitors and Servants American Realism Mewwr Was deficient in cultural growth American theatre 19th century dramatic theatre was composed in a replica of modern English or French prototypes In this era the plays in the above sentence are not performed anymore everyday Eugene O Neill Birth 1888 Death 1953 Broadway hotel room birth occurred Father Irish American actor famousalcoholic Mother was a morphine addict 6 Was on the road with family during his childhood 7 First play full length Beyond the Horizon about farm and ocean life were compared 8 The play made it to Broadway 9 Composed dramas realistic 10Examples include Anna Christieprostitution All God s Chillun Got Wingsinterracial marriage Desire under the Elms incest and rural passion The Iceman comethface the truth Moumign becomes Electra rewrtiting of Oresteian trilogy 11EXperimented with radical expressionism 12Also wrote Long Day s Journey into NightAmerica s realistic masterpiece 131920 s and 1930 s had abstract theatrical forms Clifford Oddets Birthl906 Death 1963 Raised in New York Born in Philadelphia Mother and father Yiddish speaking immigrants Was an actor and went into theatre this way Joined the Group Theatre 1931New York the theatre was founded by Lee Strasberg teacher on acting 9 Method Acting originated from Konstantin Stanislavsky but was used by Lee Strasberg 10 1935 Started to be a playwright and wrote Waiting for Lefty and Awake and Sing 11Waiting for Lefty Great Depression time unionist want to go on a strike 12Awake and Sing play about a Jewish family in America Arthur Miller Birth 1915 Death 2005 Was effected by Group Theatre and Clifford Oddets Plays based on realism Plays are Death of a Salesman All My Sons The Crucible A View from the Bridge After the Fall Final play Finishing the Picture 7 America s social conscience wagwewwr Mewwr 0 Mewwr 0 Qwewwr Tennessee Williams Birth 1911 Death1983 Poetic The Glass Menagerie memory play Plays include Cat on a Hot Tin Roof A Streetcar Named Desire The Night of the Iguana Last Summer Suddenly Plays idealized evocative characters most of the time can not cope With brutalities of their life August Wilson Birth 1945 Death 2005 Ten play dramatic circle 1982 Dramaturgy realistic Plays Jitney Fences Radio Golf Had myth With mixed realism Romanticism NQMPP NE 9 10 Result of artist rebellion first A movement Went into Europe end of 18th century First half of 19th century achieved approval in the arts Attempt to reactive passion Plays Faust The Robbers The Three Musketeers Emphasis on sprawling dramatic structure grotesque heroes exotic locales Wanted to free plays of neoclassical ideals by including passionate feeling epic adventure amboyant verse boisterous action and majestic style Had the Proscenium building in the theater Appealed to emotions Realism 1 2 3 4 No abstractions or conventions Likeness to Life Renounces contrived endings prettified or idealized settings and stylized performances and costumes Aesthetic philosophy Perfect to approach the reality of existence Actors be the character Dialogue is conversion Real clothescostumes 9 Another dramatic style 10 Stays behind the proscenium arc theater 11 Inquired into political social and psychological life 12 Climaxes attened Genresblended Certantiesridiculed 13 Sceneryliving spaces that were everyday Charactersfrom everyday life Examples office clerks farm widows low level bureaucrats wives abused uneducated people 14 Focus of plays doubts confusion muddles 15Toneuncertain 16Contained social questions and thought provoking moral 17 A laboratory 18Key wordobj ectively l9Key wordScientific Method 20 Setting has to be very close to the actual location 21 The theater of the fourth wall removed 22Explore life s mystery 23Charactershave detail 24 Creates emotion 25 Plays contained dedication to investigation harsh subject matter no feelings into analysis 9 99 Henrik Ibsen a developer of Realism Playwright realistic Father of Modern Drama Originally had dramas that were romantic and full of verse and melodramas that focused on the plot He started to put into his works mysticism and symbolism in the 1880s Realism started in his career in the 1870s Wanted to persuade audience that what they were watching was in fact real His thoughts were focused on matters such as 1 marriages that were miserable 2 the sexual double standard a code that states only men can be sexually free 3 economic inequality among women The plays that he composes share a theme 1 There is a person surrounded by contradictory social forces He implemented poetic symbolism and mental intuitions and perceptions Result Problem Plays focused on genuine social concerns through realistic dramatic portrayals Well Made Play contained secrets exposition letter Plays were social dramas and realistic Plays inquired into dealing with problems unsatisfying marriages interaction with people adultery double standard and position of women Avant Garde l 2 PM Comes from the military advance battalion the vanguard of an army shock troops that starts a major assault France term first meant that the wave of directors and playwrights who assaulted realism in the first four decades of the 20th century Today means to describe any experimental adventurous and nontraditional artistic effort Vulgar language used mot d Ubu Merde Alfred J arry Ubu Roi schoolboy play satire Theme power Theater of Cruelty inventor 9999quot Antonin Artaud creator Found Theater Alfred J arry The Theatre and Its Double his essays ordinary plays be abolished Jet of Blood Theater should contain according to Antonin Artaud in dreams there should be utopian perfection crime savagery erotic obsession and cannibalism Theater of Alienation techniques 1 Made by Bertolt Brecht 2 Theater contains conventions from the ancients from the German expressionist movement from Eastern Drama 3 Theater has songs masks verse satire exotic setting direct rhetorical address 4 Also has invocations and asides to the audiences lantem slide projections procedures demystifying theatrical techniques 5 Performance didactic alienation from the characters had to demonstrate characters 6 Critical Objectivity 7 Dialectics social arguments Theater of the Absurd 1 Samuel Beckett 2 Plays consumed the pointlessness of all direction and consumed with uselessness of the action 3 Were in agreement with Existentialism 4 Not a lot of dramatic action 5 Language contains repetitions puns and cliches Collective mind declaration by others around us Aesthetic Distance separation between audience and performer Participatory Theatre audience participates in a theatre event Educational Theatre people not performers no attempt to follow a written script importance on therapy education and development individualistic Flashbacks sudden movements from the present to the past and then back again Anachronism has to do with putting a character or event outside an appropriate sequence of time Dramaturgy or Dramaturg a person who provides services to the theatre company as a resident or in house critic The Production Process 1 Script 2 Concept 3 Rehearsals Stanislavsky System The Four aims 1 Natural Behavior 2 Inner Truth 3 Continuity 4 Ensemble Stage Design 1 Scenic Design 2 Property 3 Costume 4 5 R0 gt99 gt S3U HgtE Pi N 1 2 3 4 5 Co 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 C l 2 3 4 5 6 Sound Lighting man Tragedy Seneca Supernatural Beings on stage Chorus not important to dramatic action Violence allowed Theater Production was run by the government Actors 6 or more Acting style Wider Stock characters Head masks Full lined Similar to Greek Structure theatre space eoclassical Ideals Rules made by critics Versimilitude True to life Unities Narrow Genres Comedy and Drama Theater teach moral lessons medy of Manners Mocked and ridiculed social conventions Contained humorous conversations Moliere in uenced by Contained sexual innuendo GoodRewarded BadPunished Comic Drama Stressed a sophisticated atmosphere hanges to Acting Companies in the Restoration Period Grove System Women are on stage for the rst time England Entrepreneurs have monopoly Theater companies instead of benefit system Licensing Act All indoor proscenium arcs theater spaces


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