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Hinduism Study Guide

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by: Hannah Trammell

Hinduism Study Guide 23147

Hannah Trammell


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This is rough sketch of what the test will be like with very good notes to help be able to do well on the test. The study guide is a brief outline of the notes, the chapter was short so it wasn't t...
Intro to World Religion
Kristin Kiblinger
Study Guide
50 ?




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"Loved these! I'm a horrible notetaker so I'll be your #1 fan in this class"
Greg Bailey

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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hannah Trammell on Thursday March 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 23147 at Winthrop University taught by Kristin Kiblinger in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Intro to World Religion in Religious Studies at Winthrop University.


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Date Created: 03/24/16
Hindu Study Guide  Hinduism is the third largest religion behind Christianity and Islam that it’s the majority religion  in India and is also found commonly in Nepal and Bali (Bali is one island within Indonesia)   Hindus see India as their holy land, origins of and reasons for questioning the term “Hinduism”   A common characteristics of Hindu traditions, the Hindu “dot” or tilaka the Hindu view of  divinity.  Women are thought to make major contributions to the good earthly life which includes dharma  (order in society) marital wealth (by bearing sons in a patriarchal society), the ideal marriage  husband and wife are spiritual partners, marriage is a vehicle for spiritual discipline ect. 1. Asna: yogic posture 2. Ashram: a usually ascetic spiritual community of followers gathered around their guru. 3. Atman: the individual soul 4. Avatar: an incarnation of a deity 5. Bhakti: intense devotion to a personal manifestation of Supreme reality  6. Brahman: the supreme reality 7. Brahmin: priest or member of the priestly caste 8. Caste: an occupational category 9. Chakra: a subtle energy center in the body 10. Darshan: visual contact with the divine  11. Deva: a deity 12. Dharma: moral order righteousness, religion  13. Guru: spiritual teacher 14. Kali yuga: the present degraded era 15. Karma: our actions and their effects on this life and lives to come 16. Mantra: a sound or phase chanted to evoke sound vibrations of one aspect of creation or  to praise a deity 17. Moksha: liberation 18. Prana: the invisible life source 19. Puja: ritual worship 20. Reincarnation: after death, rebirth in a new life 21. Rishi: a sage 22. Shaivite: worshiper of Shiva 23. Samsara: the worldly cycle of birth, death, and rebirth 24. Sannyasin: renunciation spiritual seeker 25. Sanskrit: the ancient language of the Vedas 26. Secularism: the constitutional principle of not giving favored status to any religion 27. Sutra: terse spiritual teaching 28. Tantra: a sacred esoteric text with spiritual practices honoring the divine in the female  form 29. Upanishads: the philosophical part of the Vedas 30. Vaisnavite: worshiper of Vishnu or one of his manifestations such as Krishna 31. Vedas: revered ancient scriptures 32. Yoga: practices for union with the true self  Vedic gods of Agni and Soma and Indra  Vedas (Rig Veda is oldest, Upanishads are latest layer, nature of their contents)  Ahimsa: term meaning not to injure, “compassion” no harm  Murtis: literally means any form, embodiment or solid object, and typically refers to an image,  statue or idol of a deity or person in Indian culture. By the Prana Pratishtha ceremony, the idol  becomes identical with the deity.  Patanjali:  Yoga Sutras: is a book of 196 terse sayings called sutras, Patanjali distinguishes eight “limbs” of  the yogic path   Bhakti yoga: the path of devotion  Samkhya philosophy: though undatable is thought to be the oldest in India, holds that there are  two states of reality, one is the Purusha the self, which is eternally wise, pure, free.  Prakriti the cause of the material universe   For meditative people Raja yoga the path of mental concentration   For rational people jnana yoga the path of rational inquiry   For naturally active people there is karma yoga the path of right action   For emotional people there is bhakti yoga the path of devotion  Class and caste system:  brahmins/priest,rulers/warriors/aristocracy,merchants/farmers/businessmen,manual  laborers/landless servants, untouchables/outcastes  The system has been legally abolished although it lingers, it is still being practiced   that around 600 CE bhakti (loving devotion to a personal god) became the most prominent yoga  or spiritual discipline.


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