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UCSC / History / HIS 8001 / Who is laurie anderson?

Who is laurie anderson?

Who is laurie anderson?

Description

School: University of California - Santa Cruz
Department: History
Course: Hist Electronic Mus
Professor: L. polansky
Term: Fall 2015
Tags:
Cost: 50
Name: Music 80C Midterm Study Guide on Listenings
Description: Here is the midterm study guide, packed with information! This is alone is a really great study tool because this is how all the concepts we learned about in class have been applied. A study guide with these concepts & other things we covered will be coming up soon! Happy studying! (:
Uploaded: 10/24/2015
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Music 80C Listening Study Guide for Midterm


Who is laurie anderson?



• New York Social Life (1977) by Laurie Anderson

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mLoBpWmMFnQ - Year: 1977

- Album: Genius; included in New Electronic Music for Recorded Media - Recording device technique/device: “instruments include a detuned sitar &  telephone” http://www.emusician.com/artists/1333/the-laurie-anderson interview/34436

- Characteristics of the piece: Female narration about her conversations in  New York over repetitive & rhythmic low electronic sound.

- About the Piece: The piece provides social commentary on the busy life and  socio-economic state of the many people living in New York during the ‘70s. - About the artist: She was born in 1947 and is an American experimental  performance artist, composer, & musician who plays violin. She also invented  the instruments called the tape bow violin, & the talking stick.  


Who is louis & bebe barron?



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurie_Anderson

- Readings referring to this artist: If you want to learn more check out What marks the french day of independence?

New Music for Electronic and Recorded Media: Women In Electronic Music - 1977 https://www.dramonline.org/albums/new-music-for-electronic-and recorded-media-women-in-electronic-music-1977-2/notes 

• Dripsody (1955) by Hugh Le Caine

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zvHSvSBwFYM - Year: 1955

- Album: NA

- Recording device technique/device: The sound of water dripping was  recorded, & the recording of one drop was cut, used, & manipulated via  playback techniques on magnetic tape.


Who is clara rockmore?



If you want to learn more check out How the minimum wage affects the labor market?

- Characteristics of the piece: rhythmic sound of drops, which the tempo and  pitch increase linearly (tempo of beats per second gets faster, as does the  pitch of each drop, & this pattern continues until the tempo slows the song  to an end).

- About the piece: Sound based off the recording of one single drop of water.  A musique concréte piece. If you want to learn more check out What are the six steps in the scientific method for conducting research?

- About the Artist: Was born in 1914 and died in 1977. He was a Canadian  physicist, composer & instrument builder.  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_Le_Caine

- Readings referring to this artist: Check out Week 1 Class Notes!

• Ancient Krell Music (1956) by Louis & Bebe Barron

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oNKhju6Pryg - Year: 1965  

- Album: Forbidden Planet soundtrack We also discuss several other topics like What is social identity?

- Recording device technique/device: analog synthesizers

- Characteristics of the piece: Starts off with a sliding introduction, and  repetitive effects (short repeated patterns of different synthesizer sounds). - About the piece: music made by different electrical currents - About the artist(s): Louis & Bebe Barron were a married couple whom  created homemade synthesizers made out of electric circuits called ring  modulators.  

- Readings referring to this artist: Check out Week 1 Class Notes!

• Main Title Sequence (1956) by Louis & Bebe Barron

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=voyDAXZl6uo - Year: 1965

- Album: Forbidden Planet soundtrack If you want to learn more check out Who wrote most of the financial legislation that paid for the american civil war?

- Recording device/technique: analog synthesizers

- Characteristics of the piece: Song of beginning credits to the film. Early on, it  has slow, dragged out rising pitch in suspense and increased loudness. In the  background, there are also small & short dings & beeps. Later in the song,  there is narration of a male voice.

- About the piece: music made by different electrical currents - About the Artist(s): Louis & Bebe Barron were a married couple whom  created homemade synthesizers made out of electric circuits called ring  modulators.  We also discuss several other topics like What do trypanosomes mean?

- Readings referring to this artist: Check out Week 1 Class Notes!

• Mind Booster (1956) by Louis & Bebe Barron

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Dtg_MafRKI - Year: 1965

- Album: Forbidden Planet Soundtrack

- Recording device technique/device:

- Characteristics of the piece: Beginning of song sounds like sweeping wind,  with rising pitches. The entire song has an echoe-y effect.

- About the piece: music made by different electrical currents - About the Artist: Louis & Bebe Barron were a married couple whom created  homemade synthesizers made out of electric circuits called ring modulators.  - Readings referring to this artist: Check out Week 1 Class Notes!

• Tchaikovsky’s Valse Sentimentale (1977) by Clara Rockmore - Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jEl4zCQBv2c - Year: Released on an album recorded by Robert Moorg in 1977 - Album: “The Art of the Theremin”

- Recording device technique/device: The Theremin which is played by the  performer standing on a medal place and manipulating the space between  her hands and metal rods, placed vertically and horizontally to create sound.

- Characteristics of the piece: The theremin sound has a lot of vibrato and  there is a piano playing in the background.

- About the piece: The instruments include a theremin and a piano. It is a  cover piece of Valse Sentimentale by Tchaikovosky.

- About the Artist: Famous theremin player, whom used to play violin - Readings referring to this artist: Check out Week 1 Class Notes!

• Music of the Spheres (1938) by Johanna Beyer

- Listen to it here!  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_REVFN7A6_4 - Year: Written in 1938, recorded in 1977.  

- Album: An Anthology Of Noise & Electronic Music - Vol.2 (Disc 1), 2002 - Recording device technique/device:

- Characteristics of the piece: Starts with a loud rumbling sound which sweeps  over & repeats 3 times, there is then a soft bell ringing one beat at a slow  tempo. There is then synthesizers playing in a repetitive fashion with the bell  chiming over intermediately.

- About the piece: The piece was only composed by Beyer in her time, the only  reason it is considered the first piece of composed electronic music, is  because on the cover of the score, she wrote “for electronic instruments or  strings” and a triangle.

- About the Artist: Johanna Beyer was a German- American composer, who  was very mysterious. Most of her works were only known posthumously. - Readings referring to this artist:

Amy Beal, Johanna Beyer, on Music of the Spheres, pp. 1 – 7 (Introduction),  73 – 75, 89 – 90  (online McHenry)  

http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ucsc/detail.action?docID=11020320

• William’s Mix (1952/1953) by John Cage

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ql4Ophbt7k     https://soundcloud.com/tomerbe/sets/williams-mix  

- Year: 1952/1953

- Album: For Magnetic Tape

- Recording device technique/device: Magnetic tape, rewinding, speeding up,  & delays. He also used the I-Ching (a practice from Buddism) technique to  randomize where each sounds would be placed

- Characteristics of the piece: This piece has 6 different categories of sound (city sounds, country sounds, electronic sounds, manually produced sounds,  win-produced sounds, & small sounds requiring amplification” (90 The Music  of John Cage).

- About the piece: William’s Mix was recorded by Louis & Bebe Barron, the  creators of the soundtrack for Forbidden Planet. 

- About the artist: “John Cage born 1912, died 1992. He was an American  composer, music theorist, writer, and artist”.“Critics have lauded him as one  of the most influential American composers of the 20th century”.“He was  also instrumental in the development of modern dance, mostly through his  association with choreographer Merce Cunningham, who was also Cage's  romantic partner for most of their lives”. 

- Readings referring to this artist:

John Cage, In Defense of Satie (eCommons)

John Cage, “Lecture on Nothing”  

http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/ebookviewer/ebook/bmxlYmtfXzQ1MzU2 X19BTg2?sid=288c7f5f-c28e-46a1-a52b

91ebd58629ae@sessionmgr113&vid=0&format=EB&lpid=lp_109&rid=0 Jamie Pritchett, The Music of John Cage, sections on Imaginary Landscape  #1 and Williams Mix (eCommons)

• Etude Aux Chemins De Fer (Railroad Study) (1948) by Pierre Schaeffer - Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N9pOq8u6-bA - Year: 1948

- Album: NA

- Recording device technique/device: Recorded sounds at a train station, then mixing  and manipulating them.

- Characteristics of the piece: Sounds like train moving rhythmically on tracks, you  can here whistles and hissing of train as well.  

- About the piece: The first piece of musiqe concréte made of the recorded sounds of  trains at the station. 

About the artist: Pierre Schaeffer was born in 1910 & died in 1995. “He was a was a  French composer, writer, broadcaster engineer, musicologist and acoustician” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Schaeffer 

- Readings referring to this artist:

Pierre Schaeffer, “Acousmatics” from Audio Culture (eCommons).

• Kontakte by Karlheinz Stockhausen

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjKVJ2z66fk - Year: 1958 - 1960

- Album: NA

- Recording device technique/device: “impulse generators, filters, and  amplifiers”. http://www.robertworby.com/writing/notes-on-stockhausens kontakte-and-oktophonie/

- Characteristics of the piece: This piece kind of sounds like a mix of  experimental jazz of the ‘60s and electronic pulses. The sounds are both  electrical and instrumental.

- About the piece: “The title of the work “refers both to contacts between  instrumental and electronic sound groups and to contacts between self sufficient, strongly characterized moments. In the case of four-channel  loudspeaker reproduction, it also refers to contacts between various forms of  spatial movement” (Stockhausen 1964, 105). (Wiki) 

- About the artist: Stockhausen was born in 1928 & died in 2007. “He was a  German composer, widely acknowledged by critics as one of the most  important but also controversial”. (Wiki) 

- Readings referring to this artist:

- Karlheinz Stockhausen, notes on Kontakte, in Stockhausen: Life and Work, (by  Karl Wörner) (eCommons).

- Read more here! Thanks Wiki!

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karlheinz_Stockhausen 

• Risveglio di una Citta (1913)  by  Luigi Russolo

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IC3KMbSkYNI - Year: 1913

- Album: NA

- Recording device technique/device:  tape recording and manipulating - Characteristics of the piece: The sound of car engine is dominant, as he is trying  to evoke a busy city beginning its day.

- About the piece: This is a noise piece.

- About the artist: Russolo was an Italian Futurist painter, composer, builder  of experimental musical instruments, and the author of the manifesto The Art of  Noises (1913). He was born in 1885 & died in 1947 (wiki) 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luigi_Russolo 

- Readings referring to this artist:

Luigi Russolo, “The Art of Noises: Futurist Manifesto” from Audio Culture:  Readings in  Modern Music (edited by Christopher Cox and Daniel Warner)  (eCommons)

• I Am in a Sitting Room (1969) by Alvin Lucier  

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fAxHlLK3Oyk - Year: 1969

- Album: NA

- Recording device technique/device: sound recorded again and again and is  played back again and again “until resonant frequencies of the room  reinforce themselves” (Lucier).

- Characteristics of the piece: Lucier’s narration is played over and over again,  each time, with the quality of sound degrading, to a point where only the  natural resonant frequencies are left at the end of the piece.

- About the piece: “I am sitting in a room (1969) is one of composer Alvin  Lucier's best known works, featuring Lucier recording himself narrating a  text, and then playing the recording back into the room, re-recording it. The  new recording is then played back and re-recorded, and this process is  repeated. Since all rooms have characteristic resonance or formant  frequencies (e.g. different between a large hall and a small room), the effect  is that certain frequencies are emphasized as they resonate in the room, until  eventually the words become unintelligible, replaced by the pure resonant  harmonies and tones of the room itself. The recited text describes this  process in action—it begins "I am sitting in a room, different from the one  you are in now. I am recording the sound of my speaking voice," and the  rationale, concluding, "I regard this activity not so much as a demonstration  of a physical fact, but more as a way to smooth out any irregularities my  speech might have," referring to his own stuttering”  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I_Am_Sitting_in_a_Room 

- About the artist: “Alvin Lucier (born May 14, 1931) is an American composer  of experimental music and sound installations that explore acoustic  phenomena and auditory perception”. “Much of his work is influenced by  science and explores the physical properties of sound itself: resonance of  spaces, phase interference between closely tuned pitches, and the  transmission of sound through physical media”.  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alvin_Lucier  

- Readings referring to the artist:

Alvin Lucier, “I Am Sitting in a Room” from Chambers (eCommons).

• Bye Bye Butterfly (1965) by Pauline Oliveros  

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DMCTxkFwLHw - Year: 1965

- Album: Electronic Works

- Recording device technique/device: “It utilises 2 Hewlett Packard oscillators,  2 line amplifiers in cascade, a turntable with record and 2 tape recorders in a  delay setup” (http://sfsound.org/tape/oliveros.html) 

- Characteristics of the piece: Use of electronic sound, and operatic vocals. - About the piece: The vocal that is used in this piece is the opera, Madame  Butterfly by Giacomo Puccini.

- About the artist: Pauline Oliveros was born in 1932 in Houston, Texas. She  was a faculty member at UCSD.  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pauline_Oliveros  

- Other readings referring to the artist:

Pauline Oliveros, “Tape Delay Techniques,” from Software for People  (eCommons)  

• Songs of Milarepa by Eleana Radigue  

- Listen to it here! https://www.dramonline.org/albums/eliane-radigue songs-of-milarepa

- Year: 1983

- Album: Songs of Milarepa

- Recording device technique/device:

- Characteristics of the piece: Long sustained notes and a narration of a man  speaking and Tibetan Buddhist prayer.

- About the piece: This album is inspired by Rodrigue’s work with Tibetan  Buddhism.

- About the artist: “Éliane Radigue (born January 24, 1932) is a French  electronic music composer. She began working in the 1950s and her first  compositions were presented in the late 1960s. Until 2000 her work  was almost exclusively created on a single synthesizer, the ARP  2500 modular system and tape. Since 2001 she has composed mainly  for acoustic instruments  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89liane_Radigue 

- Other readings referring to the artist:

New Music for Electronic and Recorded Media: Women In Electronic Music - 1977 https://www.dramonline.org/albums/new-music-for-electronic-and recorded-media-women-in-electronic-music-1977-2/notes

• Come Out (1966) by Steve Rieche  

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g0WVh1D0N50  - Year: 1966

- Album: It’s Gonna Rain

- Recording device technique/device: Rieche composed the way he wanted to cut  and reform each piece of tape, but in the process, he made a mistake, and left it the  way it was because he liked the effect that it gave.  

- Characteristics of the piece: Male narration, saying “I let the bruised blood out to  come out to show them” and the phrase “come out to show them” is repeatedly  phased throughout the piece until there is just the rhythm of the phase left at the  end.

- About the piece: “Come Out is a 1966 piece by American composer Steve Reich. He  was asked to write this piece to be performed at a benefit for the retrial of the  Harlem Six, six black youths arrested for committing  

a murder during the Harlem Riot of 1964 for which only one of the six was  responsible. Truman Nelson, a civil rights activist and the person who had asked  Reich to compose the piece, gave him a collection of tapes with recorded voices to  use as source material. Nelson, who chose Reich on the basis of his earlier work It's  Gonna Rain, agreed to give him creative freedom for the project”.  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Come_Out_(Reich)

- About the artist: Steve Reich is an American composer whom pioneered minimalist  music.

- Readings referring to the artist:

- teve Reich, “Music as a Gradual Process,” and “Early Works (1965–68), from Steve  Reich:  Writings About Music, (McHenry, online)  

http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ucsc/reader.action?docID=10084785&ppg=51 http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ucsc/reader.action?docID=10084785&ppg=51

• Illiac Suite by Lejaren Hiller & Leonard Isaacscon

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n0njBFLQSk8 - Year: 1957

- Album: Illiac Suite is a 4 piece composition.  

- Recording device technique/device: algorithmic instruction input into a  computer.  

- Characteristics of the piece: This piece sounds like a classical piece played   with a violin dominate, however, all the sounds are computer generated on  the ILLIAC system the artists created.  

- About the piece: “The Illiac Suite is the first musical composition for  traditional instruments that was made through computer-assisted  composition” (http://www.musicainformatica.org/topics/illiac-suite.php) - About the artists: Lejaren Hiller was an American composer

- Readings referring to the artist:

- Charles Ames, “Automated Composition in Retrospect: 1956-1986” http://aum.dartmouth.edu/~larry/algoCompClass/readings/ames/ames_aut omated_composition.pdf

• Appalachian Grove (1974) by Laurie Speigel

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TFaUAAj0ubg - Year: 1974

- Album: Spiegel: The Expanding Universe

- Recording device technique/device: recorded on her G.R.O.O.V.E application  she created.

- Characteristics of the piece: Lots of short electronic percussion sounds with  a carried out synthesizer sound on the bottom.

- About the piece:

- About the artist: Created the software called Music Mouse. One of her songs  is included on the album that was sent on the Voyager spacecraft.  - Readings referring to the artist:

- Laurie Spiegel, “Should Music-Making Be Reserved for an Elite?  http://retiary.org/ls/writings/cmj_not_for_an_elite.html

• Phases (1963) by James Tenney

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lmh4dAlOkqk - Year: 1963

- Album: NA

- Recording device technique/device: Score initially recorded as numerical  data which created “musical parameters. Tenney then devised a system in  which the program assigns random values to each piece of numerical data  through an ongoing process in the stages of the clang, sequence, & segment.  “The "clang" level involves decisions about local sounds, timbres, gestures,  and figurations; the "sequence" level relates to the way in which groups of  clangs are assembled together; the "segment" level involves groups of  sequences”. http://www.allmusic.com/composition/phases-for-edgard var%C3%A8se-mc0002499178 

- Characteristics of the piece: There are many long, held out moments  followed by short instances of silence.

- About the piece:

- About the artist: “He was an American composer and influential music  theorist” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Tenney

- Readings referring to the artist: NA

• “O Superman” (1982) by Laurie Anderson

- Listen to it here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QH2x5pARGdE - Year: 1982

- Album: Big Science

- Recording device technique/device: The piece has “1242 beats of the word  "Ha" from beginning to end, created by looping with an Eventide  Harmonizer”. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QH2x5pARGdE 

- Characteristics of the piece: “Ha” background, with female singing that has  been edited to sound robotic.

- About the piece: A social commentary piece about US militant action in  foreign countries.

- About the artists: She was born in 1947 and is an American experimental  performance artist, composer, & musician who plays violin. She also invented  the instruments called the tape bow violin, & the talking stick.  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurie_Anderson

- Other pieces by the artist:

Readings referring to the artist: New Music for Electronic and Recorded  Media: Women In Electronic Music - 1977 

https://www.dramonline.org/albums/new-music-for-electronic-and recorded-media-women-in-electronic-music-1977-2/notes

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