Study Guide for 2nd Exam
Study Guide for 2nd Exam Psych 332
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mari D. on Saturday October 24, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 332 at University of New Mexico taught by Dr. Theresa Moyers in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 317 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of New Mexico.
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Clutch. So clutch. Thank you sooo much Mari!!! Thanks so much for your help! Needed it bad lol
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Date Created: 10/24/15
Study Guide for Abnormal Psychology Exam 2 Sexual Disorders and Gender Identity 0 Removal of homosexuality from the DSM o This diagnosis was struck down by a vote of the American Psychiatric Association APA 0 They decided that homosexuality is psychologically normative 0 Vote was encouraged by changing norms o This shows us that diagnosis can change depending on societal norms and that we can be wrong about what isn t normative 0 Children raised by gaylesbian couples are likely to be more welladjusted possibilities for the children to also be homosexual are not increased 0 Homosexuality is based on genetic disposition and environmental in uences hormonal in uences in the womb o Fergusson et a1 2008 0 1000 New Zealand young adults were measured by exposure to childhood sexual and physical abuse 0 After adjusting for social family and individual factors exposure to childhood sexual abuse associated with rates of mental disorders 24x higher than those not exposed 0 Exposure to childhood sexual abuse accounted for 13 of all mental disorders in the study 0 The association between childhood physical abuse and psychopathology were very weak after the family context was accounted for 0 False memory the recollection of an event particularly childhood abuse that did not actually occur prompted by suggestion during psychotherapy 0 Elizabeth Loftus and her lost in the mall experiment I Participants were told four short stories apparently about events throughout their childhood One false narrative always described a time when they were lost in the mall I 25 reported being able to remember the false event I Memory is malleable it is not like a video recorder that can play events back completely accurately and the same way every time o Iatrogenic illness or complications caused by a medical experiment of treatment I Recovery of repressed memories is often iatrogenic as they are usually in uenced by psychotherapy Such false memories cause harm to the patient as they usually involve abuse etc 0 Gender reassignment surgery the surgical procedure in which a transsexual transgender person s genitals are reconstructed to resemble that of their preferred gender 0 Male to female female to male 0 Although there are high rates of regret after GRS many individuals describe it as lifesaving and liberating o 2008 study of 40 MTF transsexuals found there to be no impact of GRS on psychological functioning o Paraphilia sexual behaviors that are reguired to fulfill sexual satisfaction people diagnosed with a paraphilia cannot experience distress because of it depending on its severity controversiality and their personal situation 0 Fetishism focuses on an inanimate object or non genital body part Transvestic fetishism deriving pleasure from wearing clothes of the opposite gender Voyeurism interest in secretly watching other people engage in intimate activities Exhibitionism the need to expose one s genitals to someone else who is usually caught off guard Sadism deriving pleasure from in icting pain or humiliation on others Masochism deriving pleasure from one s own pain or humiliation o Transsexual vs trans gender vs transvestite o Transsexual the person feels like they are physically trapped in the body of the opposite sex 0 Transgender the person s identity does not conform to traditional gender norms o Transvestite someone who derives pleasure from wearing the clothes of the opposite sex 0 Treatments for sex offenders are pretty brutal and basically never work 0 More harsh than that of any other psychological therapy 0 Psychological aversion therapy 0 Biological Chemical castration 0 Sexual dysfunction 0 Men impotence erectile dysfunction most common 0 Women troubleinability achieving orgasm most common 0 Viagra isn t a cure for erectile dysfunction because the man has to ingest it each time he is going to have sex It does not get rid of the problem forever 0 Conversion disorder involves a pattern in which symptoms or deficits affecting sensory or voluntary motor functions lead one to think a patient has a medical condition 0 Mental condition is converted into somatic forms paralysis or anesthesia o Glove anesthesia involves loss of sensitivity to the hand and wrist Somatic and Dissociative Disorders 0 Illness Anxiety Disorder v Somatic Symptom Disorder 0 IAD a morbid dread of having or getting a disease even when no physical symptoms can be medically identified 0 SSD history of actual multiple vague physical symptoms 0 Conversion disorder gains 0 Primary gain continued escape or avoidance of a stressful situation Secondary gain attention andor financial compensation o Dissociative Identity Disorder 0 Dissociative fugue a person departs from their home surroundings happens to people with Dissociative Identity Disorder 0 Posttraumatic model DID is caused by childhood trauma and dissociation is a coping mechanism Sociocultural model DID is caused by sociological and iatrogenic factors 0 Common for women o Controversies include Is the disorder real or faked If not faked how is it developed Are recovered memories of abuse in DID real If the abuse has occurred did it play a causal role 0 State dependent learning memories are retrieved most effectively when the person is in the same state of mind as they were when the memory was first formed Mood Disorders and Their Treatment 0 Behavioral vs cognitive perspective 0 The behavioral perspective believes in only studying observable behavior and studies how people learn from their environments through conditioning It employs controlled experiments based on scientific methods and uses studies of animals 0 The cognitive perspective believes in the mental functions of behavior such as memory and perception It has a very scientific approach and studies behavior through lab experiments 0 Bipolar disorder and depression 0 BPD and depression are different in that depression is a constant low sad state while BPD cycles between a depressive state and a manic state I Mania euphoria andor frenzied energy I Rapid cycling bipolar disorder person experiences 4 episodes within a year 0 Learned helplessness behavioral formed when a human or animal has endured repeated painful abusive stimuli and was unable to escape I Leads to depression 0 Use of electroconvulsive therapy for depression I Advantages rapid positive effects short term side effects pass quickly I Disadvantages effects only last a short time relapse rate high in one study memory loss 0 Drug treatment I Tricyclics 1St generation antidepressant drugs effect brain chemicals many side effects I 2nd generation antidepressants harder to overdose no dietary restrictions I Lithium treatment of bipolar disorder over 60 of patients improve with these meds with most experiencing fewer episodes
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