Study Guide for Psych. Exam Ch.6,8,9,10
Study Guide for Psych. Exam Ch.6,8,9,10 PSY 100
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jlyon on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 100 at State University of New York at Oswego taught by Mark T Mirabito (P) in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO PSYCHOLOGY in Psychlogy at State University of New York at Oswego.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
Psych Exam Study Guide Ch 6 8 9 and 10 Chapter 6 Forgetting Decay Theory equal to a trail in the woods If unused it becomes overgrown and the path is blocked 0 New and old info needs to be complete to be retrieved 0 Proactive interference New info suffers old info interferes with the retrieval of new info 0 Retroactive old info suffers new info interferes with the retrieval of old info 0 Elizabeth Loftus Specializes in researching false vs constructive memories Why do false memories happen Misinformation others try to convince you about the details of an event What seems logical bottled water at picnic What we wish was true EX high school sports What distortions take place Forgetting details Switching details Addition of untrue details Memory Diseases 0 Amnesia Forgetting long term memory beyond normal forget 0 Two Types 0 Psychogenic repressionorganic Forgetting past events inability to form long term memory Organic is always head injury or fever 0 Anterograde A particular form of dementia caused by a development of plaque betamyloid protein This is permanent irreversible progressiveand the use of meds is needed agonists of Acetylcholine Chapter 8 Sources of motivation Nature vs Nurture Nature 0 Instincts behavior that is present in all members of a species and not learned 0 Drives some imbalance occurs so we are motivated to fix it Ex too little uid in the body drink water 0 Evolutionary Psychology Certain behaviorsmotivation we re selected for Nurture expectancy Theories Incentive Theories behavior run on rewards O Hierarchy of needs in modern world aren t an issue for us 0 Belongingloverelationships 0 Love is more important than success Yerks Bogan Law Physical performance levels of motivation Hunger and Food what makes us hungry Nature Nurture Low blood sugar Extended Ques sightsmell Physical empty stomach of food Need for Memory of food Portion size Sugar how much already eaten Fat variety social circumstances Salt Evolutionary tendency to eat food That is present Metabolism DNA set point for weight Eating Disorders Anorexia Low weight refuse to gain any obsessed with weight and food compulsively exercises Bulimia Binge and purge syndrome Binge eating Eat large quantities NOS not otherwise specified Theories l Freud return to childhood for oedipal reasons seduce father 2 Modern psychodynamics say neglect by father Humanist Ideal self vs actual self Sex Motivation m Evolution Favored strong sex drive Anterior Hypothalamus Androgenic Hormones male like Upbringing Peer in uence Pop culture Love mapping imprinting emotional Oedipus complex Sex Orientation Cause is unknown All nurture theories have been disproven Most experts believe the result is a lack of androgenic hormones exposed to the fetus 9th week Aggression Motivation Nature Evolutionary favored Posterior hypothalamus Androgenic hormones Amy gdala Nurture Upbringing Peer in uence Pop culture Previous experience hatred De indiVidualism Violence effect Theories of Emotion LJames Lange Theory physical signs appear first crying and then emotion appears oldest LCannon Bard Theory Cognitive theory LFirst emotional intensity b Second Think about circumstances cThird Correct emotion appears Stages of Greif Elizabeth Kubler Ross a therapist that wanted to understand grief process 5 Stages OD denial OA angry B bargaining D depression A acceptance Newest Version OD disbelief Y yearning A anger D depression A acceptance OIOIO O Ch 9 and 10 What is developmental psychology Changes that occur as we mature and age Ex intelligence personality morality Research Method Cross Sectional Studies volunteers Several cohort groups and compares them to each other Good fast cheap low dropout rate Bad less valid Longitudinal Follows some cohort group for many years Extraneous variable that exists in one cohort group but not in another college courses Good more valid Bad expensive slow increased dropout rate Personality Development Freud All behavior is driven libido that shifts as we mature 2 0 0 2 oral stage Put objects in mouth 0 2 3 toilet training 0 3 6 Phallic Stage First capable of sexual genital pleasure play doctor Oedipus complexElectra complex Fixation 0 Bit nails smokechew pen 0 Selfishorderly 0 Shallow physical interest in sex pornography 7 12 No obvious sexuality latency l3 older genital stage Capable of altruistic love unselfish Modern Personalitv Stag Erile Erikson Nature creates challenges your experience at each challenge creates personality Stages Challenge Adult Skills Important people 0 2 Trust vs Mistrust Ability to easily Mother develop relationships 2 3 Anatomy vs self Sense of parents doubt independence 3 6 Initiative vs guilt Willing to try new Familyteachers things 6 12 Industry vs Can finish things Family teachers inferiority perseverance coach don t give up 13 25 ID vs role Purposeknow Who Familypeers confusion you are Late 20 s and 30 s Intimacy vs Find soulmate mate isolation 40 s and 50 s Generativity vs Contribution to society stagnation societycareer to children Senior citizen Integrity vs Happy With life despair not grumpy don t fear death Development of Attachment Close emotional bond between infanttoddler and parent Considered necessary for normal and happy development Attachment period 36 months Famous Attachment Research Harry Narlow proved eXistence of contact comfort Mary Salter Ainsworth l960 s 70 s The strange situation experience Toddler s mother would leave himher with a stranger and then return later Securely Cry brie y when mother left happy to see her when returned Insecure many emotional responses 13 Jean Plaset s Theory of Intellectual Development Human brain develops according to a set schedule each stage creates new intellectual abilities Stage Intellectual Abilities 0 2 sensorimotor Sense ofobj ect permanence 27 Languagesymbolisminquisitiveness 7 12 Conservation of mass 13 formal operations Hypothesisdebate Lawrence Kohlbery l970 s Theory or moral stage development in 3 levels Level One O 6yrs Pre conventional level rightwrong determined by personal interest Level Two 7 16 Conventional level rightwrong determined by your cultural values Level Three Post conventional level higher level of moral reasoning supreme court Carol Gilligan l980 s Morality objected to Kohlberg s sexism Her initial research showed women superior Final conclusion both men and women had different things making them superior but had different definitions of fair Men fair you get what you deserve in life Women fair Con ict resolution by helping each other
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