Exam #2- things to know
Exam #2- things to know Hist 1111
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Natasha Brown on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Hist 1111 at Georgia State University taught by Carolyn M. Zimmerman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see Survey of World History to 1500 in History at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
History Study guide 0 Persia I Nomadic sheep bearers I Kingdom of Medes loosely organized and vaguely worked together I First Persian emperor Cyrus 11 the Great most expansion done by him leader of Medes first expanded in Lydia Anatopia I Persian expansion was due to the military cataphracts horsemen with armor Fought shoulder to shoulder Equipped with lances Shield on the left arm Weakness on the right side Galley had oars for movement I Emperors bragged using vast land areas I Huge empire small administrations I Most known Persian palace is in Persepolis I Clay tablets were mainly used for writing I Persian Royal Road connected by smaller roads and protected with troops 0 Greece I Main cities are Athens and Sparta I Collection of independently run citystates I Oracle shrine a place of divine communication 0 Athens I Mercantile focus on trade I Rulers were put in charge for only a year I Democratic I Chronic death among farmers I Maritime trade I Agriculture based on trade I Citizenship based on landownership I Extremely militaristic I Less democratic I Small legislative group I Traditional in nature 0 Greece and Alexander 0 Macedonia I Were seen as barbarians I Phillip II of Macedon sold himself as a liberator of the citystates I Assassinated by one of his body guards I Alexander the Great took over I Aristotle was hired to teach Alexander fighting military philosophy zoology etc Alexander got drunk and burned the Persian Palace Alexander conquered all of the Persian Empire All roads lead to Rome Tiber River connects to Mediterranean Sea Mare Nostrum Agricultural surplus made them self sufficient Pax Romana indicated peace and stability for a few years Romulus and Remus V Washed ashore on the Tiber River V Sons of mars V Suckled by she wolf V Romulus killed Remus Patricians V Literate V Wealthy people V Existed in Rome over a long period V Wore red shoes to identify themselves as on top Plebeians V Commoners V Excluded from the government V Vast majority Virtus V Always defend Rome V Family came second V Treat people justly but not equally Patrician and Plebeian relationship V Patronclient relationship V Plebeians were the clients V Patricians were he patron V Patricians made the first law codes V Plebeians were to always do what they can to further the republic Huge military force 100 soldiers centuries Controlled by the centurion Used javelins instead of spears Centuries organized in legions 5000 soldiers Legions controlled by legionnaires Least trained soldiers were at the front Liked to wait out their enemies Punic wars wars between Rome and Carthage Romans were opportunistic and brutally militaristic Romans ruled by fear Worked with locals and gave them citizenship Mayans Mayan civilization Yucatan Peninsula Mayan towns Tikal amp Calakmul Raised farming beds were used for agricultural purposes Mayans were polytheistic Kings were not divine until after death Wealthy Mayans had grills on their teeth El Mirador was larger than Nakbe Mayan glyphs Mayan writing system Kings were buried in pyramids 260 day calendar based on divination 365 day calendar used to re ect agricultural cycle 52 year cycle that ushered in either a bad or a good season 4 year calendar used to tell how they understand the world began Mayan calendar only predicted time not the end of the world Mayan civilization V Social stratification began with debt dependence V Kings were religious V Kings demanded construction of ceremonial monuments by farmers V Kings were servants of nature gods Imperial China Tang Dynasty V Opened diplomatic relationships with Japan V Cosmopolitan many different cultures V Compass always pointed south V NeoConfucianism seek truth through facts cannot sit passively and wait for enlightenment V The fact that there is an origin story means that it is important eg Tea V Biggest innovation was porcelain developed and spread of civil service exams scholargentry at the head of society technological innovation and then stagnation Religions of the Book Judaism Torah Pentateuch first five books Chosen people Covenant with Abraham Diaspora Frequently prosecuted throughout history Christianity V Jesus Christ the savior of humanity son of God V Traveling preachers V Missionary religion V Persecuted and then adopted by Rome V Papacy Catholic Church became a political power I Islam Originated in Saudi Arabia Muhammad received visions at the age of 40 Umma community of Muslims Five Pillars of Islam gt Declaration of Faith gt Obligatory prayer gt Compulsory giving gt Fasting during the month of Ramadan gt Pilgrimage V Christians and Jews were not forced to convert because they were the ones who paid taxes 0 Mongols I Genghis Khan great leader I Leaders emerged from merit and not family I Steppe huge areas of grassland I Very organized I Yasagh Mongol code of laws gave the Khan members the right to choose their wife I Soldiers killed animals when they were not at war I Army was capable of great tactic I Psychological warfare I First city they targeted was Xi Xia surrendered without a fight
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