Art History Study Guide Quiz 3
Art History Study Guide Quiz 3 AHI 101LR
Popular in Survey Egypt To Renaiss
Popular in Art History
This 14 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nicole on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to AHI 101LR at University at Buffalo taught by Watrous, L V in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 287 views. For similar materials see Survey Egypt To Renaiss in Art History at University at Buffalo.
Reviews for Art History Study Guide Quiz 3
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/25/15
Rome amp Pompeii 1 Aerial View of the Ruins of Pompeii Pompeii gives us an insight into what a Roman town looked likeit was very well preserved by ash from the eruption of Mt Vesuvius in 79 AD The city had about 20000 inhabitants and was fortified with a series of gates There were 118 restaurants bars and 120 hotels ForumRoman equivalent of agoraopen marketplace in the city 2 Peristyle Garden House of the Vettii quot39 v v v Roman house usually consisted of small rooms usually laid out around one of two open courts the atrium and the peristyle People entered the house through a vestibule before entering the atrium The Peristyle was a planted courtyard further into the house enclosed by columns gt capge ovusfe of Publius annius Synistor inf397 Roman wall paintings aimed to extend the sense of space in a room and to send a message about the owner of the house This painting shows an entire cityscape behind painted columns creating a window view 4 Colosseum Built with stone and cementincluded 76 gates Held between 50000 and 85000 peoplekept population happy and produced a vision of power Shows the strength and stability of Roman government Reinforced social structureeach social class had assigned seating Groin vaults provided 3609 of motion and it is estimated that everyone could get out of the Colosseum in 20 minutes Terms Barrel VaultVault forming a half cylinder also known as a tunnel or wagon vault Arches that formed a long tunnel Groin Vaultproduced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults Allowed for 3609 of motion sat on 4 columns ForumMarketplace of public square of an ancient Roman city and place of judicial amp business affairs Basilica Large oblong hall or building with double colonnades and semicircular aspe used in ancient Rome as a court of law or public assemblies Atrium Openroofed entrance hall or central court in an ancient Roman house Roman Art amp Propaganda 5 Augustus of Primaporta Roman portraiture was incredibly realistic amp traced familial lineage Augustus is always depicted as a strong youthful man regardless of his actual age Pose emanates that of Polykleitos contrapposto Detail of armor shows Rome s return to power amp greatness Statue is individualized to represent Augustus rather than a basic type Ill Spear Bearerquot W 6 Altar of Augustan Peace 0quot Motifs are very classicizing do not appear Roman In procession carved into back panel we can identify every person as a member of Augustus s family Earth goddess shows ordered abundance Entire altar shows foundation of Rome present Rome and where Rome is headed 7 Arch of Titus Barrel vault people must walk through it every time they go to the Colosseum Has no structural importance solely for propaganda 8 Spoils from the Temple of Solomon Relief in the passageway of the arch of Titus Depicts Titus s soldiers aunting the treasures they took from a temple in Jerusalem after victoriously destroying it Celebrates Roman victory Victories Most scenes on column depict Roman forts go to battle and are Victorious Romans set out on expedition build 8 m I m u 00 Du d 0 J 1 Ir 0 C a 0 w Do u S D In 0 S w u an 1 U1 a Q Do u n q a Do u p d In 0 d B 8 B H p B H B S u 0 S 1 J n D 1 n J W d O J 1 B u D 9 S w W A ma J 10 B U 1 U1 9 O H J m m u E n 0 u 0 IJ i In W B u m In H m S 1 B u D S 0 n 1 B D 9 1 U1 9 9 Column of Trajan 11 Pantheon Built by the emperor Hadrian From the outside it appears to be a normal temple but inside visitors find a massive rotunda Very dramatic draws the eyes upward amp makes visitors feel isolated from outside world Sunken panels or coffers in the dome s ceiling along with the oculus central opening illuminate a brilliant circle against the surface of the dome which moves around the dome throughout the day like a sun Jewish and Byzantine Art 12 Synagogue DuraEuropos Wall with Torah niche synagogue is defined as any large room where the Torah scrolls are kept and read Also the site of communal social gatherings Walls painted with biblical scenes in which God intervened to help the Jews Crossing of the Red Sea stairs to gallery sanctuary 13 Church of Hagia Sophia Instanbul Innovative hybrid of longitudinal and central architectural planning Flanking conches semi domes extend the central space that expands outward from the central dome Pendentives connect the base of the dome with the huge supporting piers at the four corners of the square area beneath it A series of windows perforate the base of the dome right where it meets it s support providing a oating effect 14 Church of San Vitale Ravenna Italy central dome area apsidal chapels exedrae ambulatory illidh ltg I ml 333 16727 0 s 39 l lV l O I central dome area Roman arch above the alter with 2 scenes that would be seen as people came up to receive communion scenes located on the apse Scenes depicts Emperor Justinian and Empress Theodora about to take part in a church ceremony Tile mosaic nun Jim 39 39 W 39b xquot l 15 Transfiguration of Christ San Apollinares Apse mosaic symbolically depicts the Transfiguration A man and 15 sheep stand on a 39 stylized landscape below a jeweled cross with the face of Christ at its center The hand of God and figures of Moses amp Elijah appear in heaven to authenticate the divinity of Christ Byzantine art became more abstract with time V tsx V l 39 FY gt x t a W 39 16 Virgin of Vladimir Russia Icon thought to protect the people of the city where it resided Icon painters had to follow two basic rules Must use documented sources to create an accurate image Image of the person must be intimate These were very powerful images and were regarded as sacred Terms Aniconicsymbolic or suggestive rather than literally representational MenorahCandelabrum used in Jewish worship PendentiveCurved triangle of vaulting formed by the intersection of a dome with its supporting arches IconoclasmThe rejection or destruction of religious images as heretical IconIntimate images of a figure backed up by documented sources that was regarded as sacred NeoPlatonismBelieved all things come from God RomanChristian Art 17 Arch of Constantine wit m ngn ll quotam I a ll l m I quot 71an n l I l l I 1 quot I William Storage l l l 1 a m l Lquot4 u 1 r 39 1 39 39 1 r r 39 S g 1 1 1 x Triple arched monument next to the Colosseum to Emperor Constantine s victory over Maxentius in 312 Had tondi circular compositions of Hadrian hunting a boar amp sacrificing it to Apollo and Constantine addressing the Roman people in the Roman forum Relief below Tondi is hieratic in composition Inscription gives this arch to Constantine from the Roman people because quotthrough divine inspiration and great wisdom he has delivered the state from tyrannyquot Constantine was supposedly visited by a figure in a dream that gave him a symbol Christ s name that would conquer He painted this on the army s shields before battle amp won when he converted to Christianity 18 Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine I39 t 39 x quot l V I N 39C l quota 9 quot J A 139L I x 426 3 39 391 J i f I I C 5 3 VA i Fv o b 39 I u x V i I V zz1mm IllIll M l x Functioned as an administrative center and provided a dramatic setting for the emperor when he appeared as supreme judge Maxentius ordered his engineers to create the kind of large unbroken vaulted space found in public baths Central hall is covered with groin vaults and the side aisles are covered with lower barrel vaults that acted as buttresses for the central vault This allowed for generous window openings in the clerestory areas over the side walls Originally measured 300x215 feet and the vaults at the central nave rose to 114 feet 19 Story of Ioah Good Shepherd V 39 I 1 4 u r 39 n v quot c u I 57 7 I lsl VF f T a r 39 ifquot I I l 4 39 I pr Christians like Iews used catacombs for burials and funeral ceremonies rather than as places of worship Scenes from the Old Testament were painted on them re ecting Christian themes of salvation The story of Ionah was painted on the ceiling of a tomb shows a miracle of salvation 20 Basilica of Old Saint Peter s Rome transept Construction began under Constantine when he declared the clerestory Edict of Toleration making New Christianity legal First Christian church built in Rome 325 AD Clerestorywindows along the upper level of the nave just under the ceiling TranseptWhere Christians going to receive Eucharist would congregate atrium fountain 21 Sarcophagus of lunius Bassus 39 unwmomelOlcom 3 x Liquot AV 4 l quot 39 39 39 J Vrdk kf gq39t P l39 r 39F r o w 39W r V H 39 39 39Tix39rl39o ccs39squot quot 5 of important events in the New Testament Series of tests by God that many important people underwent in the Bible Terms Edict of TolerationPassed by Constantine to legalize Christianity TranseptWhere Christians going to receive communion would congregate Clerestory windows along the upper level of the nave just under the ceiling 22 Page from the Qur an la quotA g m God revealed Qur an to the prophet Muhammad through the angel Gabriel Calligraphers were regarded as some of the highest status artists in Islam Calligraphy allowed script to be both meaningful and decorative 23 Dome ofthe Rock Modeled after Muhammad s home First monumental structure of Islamic art Location could be considered the most sacred place in the worldwas made essentially Islam by this building Though not a church space is incredibly decorative to celebrate the sanctity of the space 24 Mosque of Corodoba 39 if 39 Building began in 785 completed around 1000 AD Was once a Christian church remodeled by Muslims religions coexisted relatively well Corinthian columns red amp white brick rich ornamentation amp patterning I V I Dramatic vistas are re ected in the courtyard of the palace Recreated quotgarden of paradisequot a lush space that would have been rare in the Middle East due to the extremely arid climate Muqarnas Domeadds no structural importance to the dome but simply stands to amaze the viewer with its mesmerizing complexity Terms MuhammadFounder of Islam prophet who was given the Qur an by God Qur anSacred book of Islam Hadithcollection of traditions containing sayings of the prophet Muhammad SunniOne of the two main branches of Islamacceptance of the first here caliphs Shi iteBelieve that only the heirs of the fourth caliph Ali are the legitimate successors of Muhammad KaabaCubeshaped building in Mecca into which the black stone given to Muhammad by Gabriel is built MeccaBirthplace of Muhammad amp the holiest city for Muslims MihrabNiche in the wall of a mosque at the point nearest to Mecca toward which the congregation faces to pray MinaretTall slender tower typically part of a mosque with a balcony from which a muezzin calls Muslims to prayer CalligraphyDecorative handwritten lettering 5 Pillars of Islam 1 Profession of Faith 2 Prayer 5X per day facing Mecca 3 Giving of alms 4 Fasting during Ramadan 5 Pilgrimage to Meccca Photo Sources 1 httpsclassconnections3amazonawscom117 ashcards2300117jpg wriadObgfsnskamxlcma m141F7E42322763E9034jpg 2 httpsclassconnections3amazonawscom555 ashcards39065SSjpgh ouse of the vettii perister and garden14ZBFOF1EF6169D80A3jpg 3 httplh4ggphtcom TOGWIR7tPskTFSOEt7apNIAAAAAAAAK4MQAIIU w9hA9UVilla20of20Publius2OFannius2OSynistor20 20fantastic20architecturePG 4 httpsencryptedtbn1gstaticcomimagesqtbnANd9GcSqu rzaSlmC4SCLDbDRMYAkP9yF6quTZGNache7tqobBHrE 5 http wwwtheartminutecom wpcontentuploads 2012 O 1 Augustus of Primaportajpg 6 httpss3amazonawscomclassconnection97 ashcards7058097pnga 1tar14A36BE6C2839106413png 7 http thesechristiantimescomwpcontentuploads 2015 08Archof titus1jpg 8 httpkoofers statics3amazonawscom ashcard imagesa3c4fcb18c897c61f3271116b37 928dapng 9 httpswww2bcedukenth2934180621 22689d1d45 bjpg 10 httpsclassconnections3amazonawscom4O 1 ashcards1O 1240 1jpg256364r1333049380638jpg 1 1 https enwikipediaorg wiki Pantheon religion media FilePant heon rome 2005mayjpg https uploadwikimediaorgwikipedia commons 6 69 Pantheon paninijpg 12 http wwwkenney menchercompic oldjewish artSyria Dura Europas c244CE entire wall t empera plasterjpg httprealhistorywwcomworld historyancientMiscJesusDura Europo s 3 pg 13 https s3amazonawscom classconnection 17 ashcards 62960 17 pngchurch of hagia sophialSS171635248514A302A40145D138CECpng http wwwteslasocietycom pictures Roman20Empire201mages Rom anEmpire2jpg 14 https s3amazonawscom classconnection 587 ashcards 587758 7pngchurch of san Vitale layout1495C142 18OOFDFFAEBpng httpscluster6 filesinstructurecomcourses200544fi1es2586069course20files12 Byzantine SanVitaleTheodorajpg 1 5 http apahlakegenevabadgergroupfusionnet modules groups ho mepagefiles49961875375917215jpg 16 http1bpblogspotcom jaPuilePZsUWpW4911ZcIAAAAAAAAAOocvi44RrHVCMs400Vladimir 250x250jpg 17 httpwwwrome10 1com Topics ArchConstantine 0608 8808WS Ljpg httpfarm4static ickrcom349032 70694744 4323840c9bjpg 18 httpsclassconnections3amazonawscom178 ashcards241617 8jpgbasilica of maxentius and constantine1355083211437jpg httpsclassconnections3amazonawscom496 ashcards2459496jpgp icture613359108957741355503672327jpg 19 https classconnections3amazonawscom 546 ashcards 306454 6pngjonahandshepherd13520879408391365376377726png httpss mediacache ak0pinimgcom236xead921ead921912b003ead3b1fc42368bcf2e6jpg 20 httpsclassconnections3amazonawscom172 ashcards12 5 1 17 Zjpgreconstruction drawing of old saint peters basilical336008039056j Hg 2 1 httpwwwrome10 1com Topics Christian Magician pixVat3 164 8 0609 0855WS LPG 22 httpsclassconnections3amazonawscom341 ashcards69341j pglpage gur39anjpg 2 3 httpsclassconnections3amazonawscom610 ashcards168361 0jpgdome of the rock1344396364224jpg httpss3amazonawscomclassconnection965 ashcards6683965jpg dome of the rock interior View149C4093FCC7D830E1Ajpg 24 http wwwbiyokululecomsawirosawirada waaweynCordoba2 0Mosque1jpg httpsclassconnections3amazonawscom589 ashcards675183jpgdo mejpg 25 httpsc2static ickrcom4367910177924533 0de37eea33 bjpg https classconnections3amazonawscom 76 ashcards 5 1076 png muq arnas dome1355277934524png
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'