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Flashcards / chapter 21 hair-coloring part 1

chapter 21 hair-coloring part 1

chapter 21 hair-coloring part 1

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School: Academy of Hair Design
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Tags: Academy of Hair Design-Beaumont
Cost: 25
Name: chapter 21 hair-coloring part 1
Uploaded: 03/25/2016
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Front
Back

A significant factor in the product selection used in the application of color is the client's hair:

Structure

The natural coloring pigment found in the cortex layer of the hair is:

Melanin

Fine hair takes color faster and can look darker because the melanin granules are grouped:

More tightly

.The hair type with a large diameter that can take longer to process hair color is:

Coarse-textured hair

The ability of the hair to absorb liquids is referred to as hair:

Porosity

When the cuticle of the hair is lifted and the hair is overly porous and absorbs color quickly, the hair porosity is defined as:

High

The predominant melanin that gives black and brown color to hair is:

Eumelanin

Pheomelanin is the predominant melanin found in what color hair?

Red

The pigment that lies under the natural hair color is:

Contributing pigment (under tone)

The system used by colorists to analyze the lightness or darkness of a hair color is:

The level system

The darkest hair colors in the Level System are

1

The highlight or the hue of color seen in the hair is referred to as:

Tones

Colors that absorb more light and can look darker than their actual level are:

Cool tones

Colors with a predominance of red are considered:

Warm Tones

Tones can be described as cool, warm, and:

Neutral

Artificial hair colors are developed from the primary and secondary colors that form:

Base colors

A violet base color will deliver cool results and will minimize unwanted:

Yellow tones

In hair color, a blue base color will provide the coolest results and minimize( complementary):

Orange tones

The system used for understanding color relationships is the:

Law-of-Color

Fundamental or pure colors that cannot be achieved from a mixture are:

Primary colors

The primary color that provides the most depth or darkness is:

Blue

Adding the primary color red to yellow colors will cause them to appear:

Darker

Equal parts of red and blue mixed together always make:

Violet

A color obtained by mixing equal parts of two primary colors is a:

Secondary color

The secondary color created with an equal combination of blue and yellow is:

Green

A color achieved by mixing equal parts of a secondary color and its neighboring primary color on the color wheel is a:

Tertiary color

Natural looking hair color is made up of a combination of primary and:

Secondary colors

Primary and secondary colors that are positioned opposite each on the color wheel are:

Complementary colors

All hair coloring products require a patch test with the exception of:

Temporary colors

Hair coloring products fall into one of how many categories?

Four

The chemical process involving the diffusion of natural color pigment or artificial color from the hair is:

Hair lightening

As part of their composition, all permanent hair coloring products and lighteners contain both a developer and a(n):

Alkalizing ingredient

Coloring products that have a coating action on the hair and are removed by shampooing are:

Temporary colors

Hair coloring products that partially penetrate the hair shaft and stain the cuticle layer are:

Semipermanent colors

Demipermanent colors are also known as:

Deposit-only colors

The coloring products that are regarded as the best for covering gray hair are:

Permanent hair coloring

Dye precursors that combine with hydrogen peroxide to form larger, permanent tint molecules are also referred to as:

Aniline derivatives

Natural, vegetable, and metallic hair colors are also known as:

Gradual colors

Hair coloring products that change color gradually by progressive buildup and exposure to air creating a dull appearance contain:

Metallic salts

The most commonly used developer in hair color is:

Hydrogen peroxide

The measure of the potential oxidation of varying strengths of hydrogen peroxide is called:

Volume

When less lightening is desired to enhance a client's natural hair color, the standard volume used wth permanent hair color is:

20 volume

Chemical compounds that lighten hair by dispersing, dissolving, and decolorizing the natural pigment are:

Hair lighteners / Decolorization

In a one-step color service, 40 volume hydrogen peroxide is used to provide:

Maximum lift

Hydrogen peroxide mixed into a lightener formula creates a chemical process called:

Oxidation

Decolorizing the hair's natural pigment allows the colorist to create the exact degree of:

Contributing pigment

Hair coloring products that are used primarily on prelightened hair to achieve pale and delicate colors are:

Toners

During the process of decolorizing, natural hair can go through as many as:

10 stages

The most critical part of a color service is the:

Hair Color Consultation

Clients requesting chemical services with hair in a questionable condition should be required to sign a:

Release statement

When applying color using the brush-and-bowl method, the mixing bowl should be:

nonmetallic

Before performing a coloring service with an aniline derative product, the client must have an (test must be given 24 hours prior):

Patch test

The U.S. Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act prescribes that a predisposition test be given:

24 to 48 hours prior to application

To ensure successful results when performing hair coloring services, the colorist must follow a:

Prescribed procedure

A preliminary test performed to determine how hair will react to a color formula is a(n):

Strand test