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PSYC 317 study guide for exam 2

by: Emma Notetaker

PSYC 317 study guide for exam 2 PSYC 317

Marketplace > George Mason University > Psychlogy > PSYC 317 > PSYC 317 study guide for exam 2
Emma Notetaker
GPA 3.4
Cognitive Psychology
Mark Blumberg

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About this Document

So here is a study guide I made for the test next week. It has notes with key terms and definitions for chapters 5-8. Also there is a 23 question practice quiz at the end of the study guide with qu...
Cognitive Psychology
Mark Blumberg
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emma Notetaker on Tuesday October 27, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 317 at George Mason University taught by Mark Blumberg in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 101 views. For similar materials see Cognitive Psychology in Psychlogy at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 10/27/15
moter 5 Short Term and Working Memorv Memory retaining retrieving and using information o Iconic vision 0 Echoic sound Sperling test Letters flashed on a screen 0 Whole report method report as many letters as seen 0 Partial Which row of letters to report 0 Highest success 0 Delayed given a pause between instruction and letters shown Modes of memory Sensory large info for seconds Short term 57 items for 1520 seconds 0 existence of decay lose memory 0 proactive interference info learned interferes with new info 0 retroactive int new info interferes with old 0 Chunking grouping things together gt more meaning Working memory temporary storage used for complex tasks 0 Central executive switches attention gt 3 types of processing used to do this 0 Phonological loop phonological similarity word length 0 Visuospatial sketch pad 0 Episodic buffer backup store that communicates with LTM and WM Long term years moter 6 Long Term Memorv Structure Types of LTM o implicit unconscious procedural memory 0 priming previous experience changes response 0 repetition priming stimulus affects performance when presented again 0 propaganda effect rating statements heard before as true when reheard o explicit conscious o episodic personal 0 semantic facts I autobiographical experience I personal personal significance I semanticization lose episodic details for longago events moter 7 Encodinq Retrieval Encoding acquiring info and transfer to memory Retrieval LTM gt working memory 0 cued call cues presented to aid in recall Rehearsal maintenance repetition or elaborative using connections Processing shallow little attention to meaning vs deep Transfer appropriate processing processing used during encoding that during retrieval Consolidation transforms new memories gt permanent Retrograde amnesia memory loss for events prior to trauma Graded amnesia memory for recent events more fragile than for remote events Elaborate associate what you are learning with what you already know winter 8 Evervdav Memorv and Memorv Errors Autobiographical Memory specific experiences in our life Reminiscence Bump 0 Self image hypothesis memory better for events that create our self image 0 Cognitive hypothesis encoding better for periods of change followed by stability 0 Cultural lifescript everyone has a life story and understanding of cultural events Flashbulb Memories highly charged events 0 Narrative rehearsal repetition can lead to errors in memory Constructive Nature of Memory 0 Advantages filling in blanks solving problems 0 Disadvantages errors misattribution misinformation effect Source Monitoring 0 source memory origins of memories 0 source monitoring error misidentifying source 0 cryptomnesia plagiarism due to lack of knowledge of origin Pragmatic Inference knowledge gained through experience Schema knowledge about aspect of environment Script actions that typically occur during an experience Errors in Eyewitness Testimony o attention and arousal gt can be narrowed due to weapon focus focus on weapon 0 familiarity gt source monitoring 0 suggestion gt misinformation effect These errors are being fixed by using fillers in lineup and sequential presentation Chapter 58 quiz 1 What two effects are related to stimuli presentation during an experiment a Long term short term b Primary reference c Recency Primacy d Long term primary 2 What part of the brain is responsible for one s ability to encode new LTM a Frontal cortex b Prefrontal cortex c Parietal lobe d Hippocampus 3 Photos you take and photos someone else takes activates the and a Frontal lobe and medial temporal lobe b Lateral temporal lobe and parietal cortex c Parietal cortex and frontal lobe d Medial temporal lobe and parietal cortex 4 What are the three different types of memory a Sensory shortterm retrieval b Shortterm Rehearsal Longterm c Shortterm Sensory Longterm d Sensory Longterm Retrieval 5 Multidimensional memory contains all of the following except a Spa al b Visual c Emotional d Sensory 6 The existence ofdecay is the which occurs in the memory a Vanishing of memory trace due to a passage in time sensory b Vanishing of memory trace due to a passage in time longterm c Vanishing of memory trace due to a passage in time shortterm Q Vanishing of memory trace due to a passage in time all 3 memory systems 7 Which of the following is NOT a factor that will aid in improving learning and memory a Study consistently until you know the material by heart b Take multiple short study sessions c Avoid the illusion of learning d Generate and test 8 Episodic is memory for and semantic is for a Feelings thoughts b Pictures words c Personal Facts d Knowledge thoughts 9 responsible for processing incoming visual and auditory information Parietal lobe Amygdala Hippocampus d Prefrontal cortex 10 What is the process of transforming new memories into a more permanent state a Transferring information b Processing c Consolidation d Retrieval 11 Which of the following is not a process used in implicit memory a Operant conditioning b Classical conditioning c Repetition priming d Procedural memory 12 What are the two levels of processing theory a Low high Shallow deep Shallow high First second 13 based on knowledge gained through experience Episodic inference Pragmatic inference Retrograde inference Spatial inference 14 The episodic buffer communicates with which two memory systems a LTM and SM b SM and sensory c LTM and WM d WM and sensory 15 An example of a schema would be a Going to a restaurant Playing a soccer game A classroom Walking to class 16 repeatedly performing the same action even if it is not reaching your goal Motivation Determination Perseveration d Enhancement 17 What does the multiple trace hypothesis question 0 90 an 90 965 a Whether the hippocampus is only important at the end of consolidation b Whether the hippocampus is important at all stages of consolidation c Whether the synapses are only important for transferring information d Whether the hippocampus is only important at the beginning of consolidation 18 Which of the following is NOT a factor that aids encoding a Visual imagery b Relating words to survival value c Retrieval practice d Generation effect e Encoding practice 19 Where does the transfer of information during consolidation occur a Synapses b Circuits within the brain c Frontal cortex d Hippocampus 20 Which of the following is NOT an advantage of construction of memories a Understanding language b Questioning the source of information c Making decisions d Solving problems 21 Which of the following is a control process a Rehearsal b Transferring memory c Management d Recalling memories 22 Which of the following is NOT an example of retroactive interference a Getting a new car and after driving it for a few months you forget how your old car used to drive b After having your new Mac computer for a few weeks you have difficulty remembering what your Dell laptop was like c Since you have been a fan of Dunkin coffee for so long you re having a tougher time switching over to Starbucks coffee d You just made a new unlock code for your phone and after a few days of using it you forget what your old code was 23 WM has trouble when it has to process different types of information it has to transfer memories into the LTM it has to communicate with the short term memory to retrieve recent information it has to deal with similar types of information at the same time 905


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