Study Guide #2 Answers
Study Guide #2 Answers ESS 104
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Frankie Bjork on Tuesday October 27, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ESS 104 at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse taught by Kathy Gorman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Dance Appreciation in Physical Education at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse.
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Date Created: 10/27/15
Early Modern Dance 1 Define modern dance In what ways is it different from ballet Modern dance is a free and expressive style of dance It replaced the classic tutu with a tunic and replaced the pointe shoe with bare feet 2 What one element truly characterizes modern dance The freedom in the movement Isadora Duncan 1 Who is considered to be the mother of modern dance Isadora Duncan 2 What were the 3 sources of Isadora s dance The Art of Ancient Greece The Movements of Nature and Going Within Herself She used to watch herself in the mirror and move randomly She also used to watch tree branches blowing in the wind or grass moving on the ground and draw her inspiration from that 3 Where on the body did Isadora consider the central spring of all dance movement to be Isadora believed that the center of movement was the solar plexus 4 Where did Isadora dance to earn her money Isadora earned her money by dancing at parties of wealthy women She then used this money to tour Russia and Europe 5 Which Ballet Russe choreographer did Isadora influence Michel Fokine in Russia 6 What was the quote by Isadora that she said when she was 20 years old that shocked the dance world I have discovered the dance I have discovered the art form which has been lost for 2000 years Denishawn 1 What inspired Ruth St Denis to stop acting and become a dancer She was in a drug store when she saw a picture of Isis on a cigarette poster She decided right then that she was meant to be a dance regardless of having no prior training 2 What were the titles of 3 of her earliest dance solos Radha about an east lndian milk maid The Incense and Cobra 3 Which 2 dancers formed Denishawn Ruth St Denis and Ted Shawn 4 What were Denishawn s 3 main contributions to modern dance It was the first modern dance company it helped to create an interest and audience for modern dance and it produced two dancers Doris Humphrey and Martha Graham 5 After Denishawn disbanded what modern dance company did Ted Shawn start What modern dance festival did he start Ted Shawn formed Men Dancers He started Jacob s Pillow a summer festival that offers classes and performances Doris Humphrev 1 In what year did the term modern dance start What did it refer to The term modern dance started in 1927 It referred to dance that reflects contemporary a udes 2 What is the title of the modern dance piece by Doris Humphrey that was about the movement of waves and was performed to silence Water Study 1928 3 What is the title of her most famous piece about the 19th century religious sect The Shakers 1931 4 What is Humphrey s modern dance technique called Humphrey s signature modern dance technique is called Fall and Recovery The fall is when you give into gravity The recovery is the effort it takes to work against gravity and stand back up Martha Graham 1 What was the 3word phrase Graham s psychiatrist father told her that influenced her choreography Movement Never Lies 2 What were the 2 lessons she learned at Denishawn She learned two important lessons while dancing at Denishawn First she learned that actual dance technique that was being taught Second she learned the importance of costuming for dance She learned that the costume should never hide or hinder the movement only intensify it 3 What are the 4 stages of her choreographic life First Rebellion Second Americana Stage Third GreekPsychological Stage Forth Bible Stage 4 What is Graham s modern dance technique called Graham s modern dance technique was called Contraction and Release Contraction is the rounding of the lower back While the release is coming back to a straight aligned spine 5 What is the title of her most famous piece about a pioneer newlywed couple moving into their first home on the prairie with music by Aaron Copland Appalachian Spring 6 What are Graham s 3 greatest contributions to dance history First She had the first multiracial dance company While George Balanchine hired an African American dancer in the 50 s she was hiring everyone in the 40 s Second Her contraction and release theory is still used today Third She almost singlehandedly made modern dance just as important as classical ballet Merce Cunninqham 1 Before Merce Cunningham modern dance was about expression After Cunningham modern dance was simply about motion 2 What was the art movement Cunningham worked in when he first started out as an independent choreographer Abstract art 3 Who was the modern music composer Cunningham often collaborated with John Cage 4 What is their style of composition called Chance Composition They didn t work together to write music or choreograph pieces They just began and ended at the same time because they wanted to be independently worthy 5 What are 4 characteristics of Cunningham choreography First No strong central focus Second No stars or soloists Third No particular facial expression Fourth The dance and audio accompaniment are not related to each other Paul Taylor 1 In his early pieces Taylor worked in an artistic style called minimalism 2 What was the title of Taylor s piece where he and a woman stayed absolutely still for 4 minutes Duet 3 What are some characteristics of Taylor s choreography today His performances usually have a message unlike Cunningham s Later in his career he did dances in multiple styles Such as ballet and lyrical comedy and a little bit of horror Last Look His dance technique is very similar to Martha Graham s in the way that he still uses the contraction and release technique Twyla Tharp 1 What are some characteristics of Tharp choreography She incorporated all different types of dance jazz tap minimalistic 2 What are 3 words that describe her choreography Quick twisting and strong Modern Dance in the 195015 1980 s 1 What was the state of modern dance in the 1950 s Modern dance was declining in the 50 s It was being seen as an American art form but it was hard to understand and was no longer drawing in large crowds There were many modern dance techniques which made it hard to understand and appreciate 2 How did it change in the 1960 s and 70 s Minimalism came about Choreographers were using pedestrianlike simple movements They didn t perform on stage they performed in parks churches and even in the middle of the street 3 How did it change again in the 1980 s There were new choreographic approaches individuals and modern dance companies started to work together and modern dancers and ballet dancers started to get along better Modern dancers realized how important ballet training was and ballet dancers were being influenced by modern dance techniques Isadora Duncan s influence on Michel Fokine
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