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Chapter 17psych

by: cairo stanislaus

Chapter 17psych PSYCH100

cairo stanislaus
GPA 3.21
Psychology 100
Rachel Farr

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Psychology 100
Rachel Farr
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by cairo stanislaus on Sunday January 18, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYCH100 at University of Massachusetts taught by Rachel Farr in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 121 views. For similar materials see Psychology 100 in Psychlogy at University of Massachusetts.


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Date Created: 01/18/15
Chapter 13 Personality Psychodynamic approaches to personality personality is motivated by inner forces and con icts about which people have little awareness about nor they can control Sigmund Freud Carl Jung Karen Homey and Alfred Adler came up with their own psychodynamic approaches 1 Freud s psychoanalytic theory a Psychoanalytic theory much behavior is motivated by the unconscious A Structuring personality Personality consists of 3 separate but interacting components B Psychodynamics the interaction between ID ego and superego a C The ve psychosexual stages how personality develops and when children encounter con icts between the demands of society and their own sexual urges a Failure to resolve these con icts leaves to fixations b Energy that drives us from one stage to the next is libido c Reverting back to a stage is regression 1 iv v D Defense Mechanisms unconscious strategies people use to reduce anxiety a i A women can t remember being raped b i A boss has a tantrum after an employee makes a mistake 2 The neofreudian psychoanalysts Building on freud A Module 41 Trait Learning Biological and Evolutionary and Humanistic Approaches to Personality l Trait Approaches Placing Labels on Personality Trait theory seeks to eXplain the consistencies of individuals behavior Traits consistent personality characteristics and behaviors displayed in different situations 2 Allport s Trait Theory 3 fundamental categories of traits Cardinal Central and Secondary Cardinal single characteristic that directs a person s activities Central major characteristics honesty and sociability Secondary characteristics that affect behavior in fewer situations a love of mod ern art Cattell and Eysenck Factor analysis a statistical method of identifying associations among a large number of variables to reveal more general patterns The big ve personality traits The core of personality Social cognitive approaches to personality It emphasizes the in uence of cognition Selfefficacy a belief that says we can in uence how well we achieve our goals Personality Assessment When they administer a series of tests to gain insight to an individual s psycho logical makeup Self report measures personality test done by asking people to describe their be havior MMIP2 a truefalse test intended to provide a clinical diagnosis MMIP2 researchers developed the Reconstructed Clinical RC scales Projective measures a person responds to ambiguous stimuli the person ends up projecting their personalities Rorschech Inkblot Tets the what do you see test The Thematic Apperception Test TAT a serious of pictures is presented to a per son and they must tell a story Behavioral Assessment the frequency of a person s actions are measured in spe cific situations


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