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LS Plant Biology

by: Laurel Medhurst

LS Plant Biology BTNY 1203

Laurel Medhurst
Weber State University
GPA 3.67


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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Laurel Medhurst on Wednesday October 28, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BTNY 1203 at Weber State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 97 views. For similar materials see /class/230770/btny-1203-weber-state-university in Botany at Weber State University.

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Date Created: 10/28/15
Botany LSIZO3 Spring 2003 Exam 1 Topics Each set of notes has a review list at the end of it Try writing answers to all of the questions given in those lists In addition to the topics on the lists you should also know important terms The table at the end of this document includes most hopefully all of the terms that go with the material covered for your first exam For many of the terms it s not just a matter of being able to define them You need to be able to describe their role in a process or structure and distinguish between similar terms Sample exam questions Multiple Choice 2 points each The dark non mctional xylem at the center of a tree is called A heartwood B softwood C hardwood D sapwood The xylem of conifers contains A vessels B tracheids C A and B Herbaceous plants do not develop A wood B secondary growth C primary growth D A and B A scientific classification groups organisms based on their A habitat B use C growth form D genetic relatedness In a 5 or 6 Kingdom scheme the Plant Kingdom includes A vascular plants B bryophytes C algae D A and B E A B and C In a 5 or 6 Kingdom scheme the members of the Plant Kingdom have all of the following features in common EXCEPT A cellulose in their cell walls B autotrophic C vascular tissue D store starch E none of the above as A B C and D are all features of the organisms found in Plant Kingdom Linneaus made a significant contribution to classification by A dividing the angiosperms into monocots and dicots B establishing the concept of genus C naming each species with a unique Latinized binomial The tissue that moves water and dissolved minerals in a generally upward direction is A xylem B phloem The bacteria were moved from the Plant Kingdom and placed in their own Kingdom Monera because the bacteria A lack an organized nucleus B have prokaryotic cells C are all heterotrophic D A and B E A B and C All of the following plants have vascular tissue EXCEPT A fern B moss C gymnosperm D angiosperm E A and B 2 points What was the primary reason that Theophrastus and Dioscorides devised a plant classification and identi cation scheme 5 points Give three reasons to study plants Defend each reason 5 points Describe what happens in the endomycorrhizal relationship found in orchids OR the ectomycorrhizal relationship found in trees Be sure to specify the diVisions of fungi involved Distinguish between the following pairs of terms 3 points each mitosis and meiosis autotrophic and heterotrophic parasite and saprobe saprophyte heartwood and sapwood Matching 2 points each Match the statements in Column A with the choices in Column B Some choices will not be used Column A Column B 1 the author of De Materia Medica 2 the author of Species Plantarum 3 produces a protein Cry that kills the larvae of certain insects 4 performs nitrogen xation in symbiosis with a legume 5 the primary building material of plant cell walls 6 an endophyte that produces ergot alkaloids A Agrobacterium tumefaciens B Bacillus thurigiensis C Clavicepspurpurea D cyanbacteria E Dioscorides F ectomycorrhizae G endomycorrhizae H Gaspard Bauhin I John Ray J Linneaus K Oyster mushrooms L Puccinia monoica M Rhizobia bacteria N Theophrastus photosynthesis producer consumer decomposer multicellular unicellular Vascular plants Bryophytes mosses liverworts hornworts Algae Fungi B acteria Protista Monera Mycota eukaryotic prokaryotic Eubacteria Archaea Domains cell theory theory scientific context metabolism protoplasm membrane nucleus DNA ploidy chromosome mitosis meiosis membrane bound organelles cell wall peptidoglymn cellulose chitin symbiosis mutualism parasitism commensalism Endosymbiont Theory plastids mitochondria endocytosis crown gall disease A grobacterium tumefaciens symbiotic nitrogen xation rhizobia bacteria legumes nitrogenase Division Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species specific epithet Know all 12 divisions of the Plant Kingdom common names OK conifer angiosperm dicot monocot De Materia Medica Species Plantarum binomial autotrophic photosynthetic chemosynthetic inorganic organic calories oxidized reduced spore bacteria spore eukaryote gamete zygote fertilization sporophyte gametophyte nitrogen cycle ammonification nitrification nitrogen fixation root hair cortex root nodule infection thread bacteroid leghemoglobin rhizosphere cyanobacteria heterocyst PSII PSI denitrification galls Ti plasmid Bacillus thurigiensis Bt Cry protein Cry crystalline glycogen hyphae mycelium zygotic life cycle gametic life cycle sporic life cycle dikaryotic coenocytic zygomycetes endomycorrhizae ascomycetes sac fungi ectomycorrhizae endophyte basidiomycetes club fungi rusts and smuts imperfect lngi deuteromycetes fairy ring wood xylem phloem tracheid vessel tissue heartwood sapwood hardwood softwood phenolics terpenes Puccinia monoica tall fescue alkaloids Claviceps purpurea ergot Oyster mushrooms lichen woody secondary growth herbaceous primary growth annual perennial heterotrophic parasites saprophytes trophic levels aerobic anaerobic facultative phytoalexins Bordeaux mixture epiphytes trehalose lignin carbohydrate ribosome enzyme


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