Popular in World History 1
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Popular in History
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Walker on Wednesday October 28, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Hist 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Melissa Blair in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see World History 1 in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 10/28/15
Map Section Be able to locate the following places on a map Rome the city Constantinople Kingdom of Mali Mecca Mayan territory Quanzhou 0 Commanderies First Emperor divided the Chinese empire into these provinces to enable the Qin dynasty to rule effectively Each commandery had a civilian and military leader who answered to an imperial inspector These reforms are significant because they provided China with a centralized bureaucracy and hereditary emperor that later dynasties inherited 0 Dvnastic cvcle a political narrative in which in uential families would compete for supremacy they legitimized authority by claiming to be the heirs of grand dynasts This is significant because it created an image of a consistent empire which differed from the other empires that rose and fell 0 Imperial confucianism the idea that leaders must provide for their people and be virtuous in order to be secure in their ruler but they can and should also use punishments and force to maintain their rule This is significant because the Han rulers established a state based on the people s mandate and crafted a balance in which the officials provided a counterweight to the emperor s autocratic strength 0 Consuls leaders of the Roman republic There was always two at a time each with veto power over the other had to have held other political office and be at least 42 years old These people are significant because they commanded the armies 0 Universal Religion brings together people of different cultural ethnic and social backgrounds and gives them a common culture centered around faith EX Buddhism and Christianity were made universalistic because neither religions were tied down to a locality proving to be adaptable as they moved from one culture and geographical area to another 0 Saint Paul a missionary who claimed to have seen Jesus in his full glory He is significant because his teaching along with the Gospels helps spread the Word of God beyond Palestine and throughout the Mediterranean 0 Sasnid Empire land from the Indus to the Euphrates River Significant because it controlled the trade crossroads of AfroEurasia and possessed a strong army causing them to be a threat to Rome 0 Constantine Roman emperor who converted to Christianity He is significant because he issued a proclamation giving rights to Christian bishops which then spread Christianity throughout the Roman Empire unifying it 0 Council of Nicea Church council summoned by Constantine Significant because it unified various sects and created the Nicean Creed which states the basic elements of Christian belief 0 Reconquest of Spain a military effort instituted by Ferdinand and Isabella to push the Muslims fully out of the Iberian Peninsula to root out nonCatholics in Spain Significant because it was an enormously symbolic victory Black Death Great epidemic of the Bubonic Plague that was carried over to Europe East Asia and North Africa by eas rodent and ships Significant because it caused all trade stop completely caused food production to fail political orders to weaken and killed roughly 60 of the AfroEurasian population It struck havoc on every aspect of life during this time Mongol Invasions Begun by Genghis Khan they were invasions performed by nomadic fighters that conquered most of AfroEurasia but they only succeeded in governing after adopting parts of the people s culture Significant because it encouraged AfroEurasian interconnectedness through trade and migration Cultural Sphere lands linked together by a common culture Significant because it brought about a unification of land allowing trade and religion to expand 0 Patrons men or women of high social status who protected clients or dependents of a lower class Significant because it linked the rich and powerful with average citizens Paterfamilias father of the family and it refers to the authoritarian figure who had total power over his dependents wife children grandchildren and slaves Significant because this was the foundation of the Roman social order Dar arIslama division of the world set up by Muslim religious and political leaders one of Islam peace Significant because it was a world that allowed diversity of religious practice 0 Hijra when Mecca plans to kill Mohammed him and his followers find out causing them to ee to Medina This move is a significant turning point in Muslim history because Mohammed is not only the leader of a faith he is also a political entity 0 Needle Compass a directional device that gives a sense of where you are in the ocean which is critical when cloudy Significant because it allowed accurate map making and made it easier to sail longer distances 0 Trans Saharan Trade took slaves and gold across Africa and brought trade and agricultural goods to Mali Significant because it caused African slave trade to ourish tying west Africa to the Afro Eurasian world 0 Humanism to move back into classical culture in effort to use classical sources to understand the human condition both physically and intellectually Significant because this type of artwork was seen as a good skill set for men to have 0 Shiites felt the proper successor of Mohammed should have been Ali and his descendants Significant because it created a permanent divide with Islam 0 Dhimma System Ottoman law that permitted other religions to chose their own leaders and settle religious disputes as long as they accepted Islam s political dominion Significant because made Islamic cities hospitable environments for traders worldwide 0 Tang Dvnastv successor of the Han a dynasty that promoted a cosmopolitan culture turning China into the center of cultural integration Significant because it integrates the Chinese state through language and shared philosophy 0 Anti Buddhist Campaigns campaigns to eliminate the power of Buddhist monasteries and monks in order to regain power Significant because they were successful in ensuring that no religion would rival its power 0 Qu ran the scripture of the Islamic faith Significant because it is the basis of Islamic faith where the Qu ran was revealed to Muhammad by the angel Gabriel 0 Feudalism system where each peasant was under the authority of a lord where the peasant would fight and serve for the lord in exchange for protection Significant because it allowed the peasants and land to be controlled under this new political structure 0 Renaissance a term meaning rebirth referring to when European nations broke away from the church centered medieval world to a new concept of humankind as the center of the world Significant because it was a new way of thinking and revolutionized European culture 0 Silk Road trade route linking China with central Asia and the Mediterranean It was of major importance in the development of civilizations in China Egypt Persia India and Europe 0 Ming Dynasty came to power after the Black Death plagued Significant because it built a strong state from the ground up creating a centralized bureaucracy which oversaw the revival of infrastructure and long distance trade 0 Charlemagne controlled most of western Europe which was a significant accomplishment 0 Vikings Scandinavian people who replaced the Franks as the dominant warrior class in Europe They are significant because of their deadly technological advantage ships 0 Ottomon Empire emerges out of Mongol destruction of the Middle East 0 Ashoka Emperor of the Mauryan dynasty He is significant because he unified India and was a great conquerer 0 Samurai Japanese warriors who made up the private armies of Japanese daimyos 0 EightFold Path a set of steps in Buddhism one can take to eliminate desire This is signified a dramatic shift in thinking about humanity and correct behavior 0 Scholar Officials civil servants who were appointed by the Chinese emperor in the Han dynasty to perform daytoday governance They are significant to running a bureaucracy 0 Network of towns is how Greece ran their towns 0 Bantu Speaking People provided a similar culture and language throughout Africa 0 Theodoric the Ostrogoth King of the Ostrogoths and ruler of Italy Eastern emperor asks Theodoric to kick barbarians out of Italy in order to have an ally in neighboring territory 0 Mahayana Buddhism holds that Buddha is a god sent to earth to teach his follower how to behave This religion was in uential in China 0 Laws of Manu handiwork of Brahmin priests A significant code of law that incorporated social sanctions and practices and provided guidance for living within the case system 0 Population Growth and Expansion people began to fill in around the Ganges River which leads to more agriculture which leads to population growth 0 Islamic Golden Age a period of scientific cultural and economic developments because most of the Islamic word was ruled by various caliphates 0 Prusa one of the cities in the Network of Towns O
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