PSYCH 111 Study Guide Chapter 5 & 6
PSYCH 111 Study Guide Chapter 5 & 6 Psych 111
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alisha Ellis on Wednesday October 28, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 111 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Brother Marrot in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 75 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Brigham Young University - Idaho.
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Date Created: 10/28/15
PSYCH 111 Chapter 5 Notes Bro Marrott Chapter 5 Consciousness Problem with other minds People say things don t mean all the time You can never know someone Mindbody problem Renes Descartes You can be certain that I excite Mind is brain activity How can something untangle control our mind Consciousness is everything thinking etc 100 subjective Completely private The frontal lobe with resining and thought makes us human Phenomenology ask people about their thoughts Intentionality it is the object and decision of your thoughts Unity everything is brought together to one experience Selectivity cocktail party force on one thing until something very familiar like someone calls your name do you lose forces Dichotic listening listening to two messages at the same time Transience change ows William James Minimal consciousness low awareness and responsiveness Driving without thinking Full Consciousness you remember you are aware Self consciousness everything is about you Depression comes from this because you are too aware of yourself Experience sampling technique try to cover up the dark side In uenced current concerns day dreaming Mental control purposely change thoughts Thought suppression purposely avoiding thoughts Rebound effect of thought suppression ironic processes of mental control Hedonism you know you are living a good life when you are happy You look for it so much you miss it paradox Sigmund Freud unconscious dark secret self The tip of the ice burg above the water is conscious The middle of ice burg under the water is subconscious The bottom on the ice burg in the depth of the ocean is unconscious All Freud Freud slips Repression keeps the memory in the unconscious Modern view Cognitive unconscious mental process that gives rise to thoughts feelings behaviors Why do we sleep Dream Survival Relaxation Restorative Theory restores resources Strengthens your immune system Clear the mind take a 20 to 30 min nap to process things that you are learning and life We sleep to dream Circadian Rhythm is a biological clock that is designed to be up at day light and sleep at night Brain waves during different stages of wakefulness Awake beta waves high frequencies Drowsy relaxed alpha waves lower frequencies Stage 1 theta waves lower than alpha Stage 2 sleep spindles K complex short bursts of activity Stage 3 amp 4 Delta waves Your body heals in stage 4 Stage 5 sawtooth waves similar to beta waves REM rapped eye movement REM sleep is when you are dreaming REM sleep same brain activity as you are awake Very important We dream Quick pulse heartrate sexual arousal Muscle inhibition body paralyzes its self so we don t act out our dreams Sleep should get 78 hours of sleep Newborns 16 hours of sleep 6 year olds 1112 hours of sleep Adults 775 hours to take care of sleep Randy Gardner 264 Hours stay awake After he slept for 14 hours straight They tested is sleep expendable They did study tasks Deprivation Poor memory recollection Sleep deprivation degreased memory Rats stay awake for 21 days they die Sleep disorders Insomnia can t stay a sleep when you fall asleep can t fall a sleep You need REM sleep for memory Ironic Rebound effect so weird about Insomnia that it makes it worse Sleep apnea Don t breath in sleep Midaged men Weight loss weight to help No Phones in bed Somnambulism sleepwalking In stage 4 sleep or 3 Narcolepsy Randomly fall asleep for 3 sec to 3 mins Runs in family genetics Sleep paralysis Body is torn between REM sleep and wakefulness Night terrors in stage 4 from no memories or experiences Unexplainable Characteristics of dreams Intense Emotions Illogical thought Sensation Uncritical acceptance Difficulty remembering Dream Theories Freud Unconscious wants confusion Forbidden wishes manifest and latent content Manifest what is going on in the dream Latent the meaning of the dream Activation synthesis Model Brain and Dreaming Amygda1a Fronta1 lobe Occipital lobe visual perception not active Visua1 imagery active PSYCH 111 Chapter 6 Memory Bro Marrott Finishing chapter 5 Ted Bundy last interview Psychological dependency Physical dependency Tolerance your body gets use to something and wants more Chapter 6 Memory What is memory Myths Memory is A Thing O Thing Goodbad memory These are no true but myths 3 Major processes Encoding transforming experience Storage maintaining information Retrieval Bring to mind How you encoding will help you remember It is the important part of the memory process Memory is not like a picture It is constructed Our current state we are in is all we remember Ways of encoding Semantic encoding applying it to you personally Emotion is big in memory Encoding don t not have to make sense Visual Imagery Encoding Creates a story to remember Organizational Encoding Group things together that are simper and relationships Frontal lobe active Survival related Encoding based down from generations to generation How do we store Memory Ways of encoding 7 2 Rehearsal keep fresh in memory How much memory do we retain as time passes Sensory memory everything you can pick up Huge capacity short duration Iconic memory things that we see Visual memory Start decaying in 1 sec Fast Echoic Memory things you can hear Auditory memory Decaying in 5 sec Short term memory lasts 1420 seconds Rehearsal rebate to keep in short term memory to go into long term memory Meaning helps us remember Chunking small bits of info into larger clusters easier to remember Working memory active maintenance of info Pulls information from long term memory Long term memory Hours days weeks years No known capacity limits Memory loss HM hippocampus forms new info Essential for forming new information Anterograde amnesia Can t seem to make new memories after injuring Retrograde amnesia can t remember info before an injury Consolidation Making memories more stable Memory is very fragile STM Consolidation makes it not so fragile Results of encoding To help recall thinking pondering taking sleep Reconsolidation Disruption of memories Shock or drug can forget memories The biology of memory Aplysia shocked then Synaptic connections quicker response Long term potentiation Neurons communicate making future communication easier Bring memories to mind Lost your car keys Retrieval cues external scouse to bring internal memory Inaccessible Association network theory Connecting all things together Encoding specificity principle External context The place you learn it is the place to retrieve it Where you learn something you remember it better Drives land underwater Stake Dependent learning Internal cues Study W earphones Take the test the way you learned it The retrieval process How do you study Test your self Retrieving if you can retrieve you are learning Have better memory How perfect is your memory Experiment where were you on 911 who was with you what do you remember A year later the same question the story was different Memories are built upon each other Museum experiment people go on tour at a museum with a camera around neck Their experience and story does not match the pictures Biological Retrieval process Trying to recall frontal lobe Successfully recalling Hippocampus Explicit memory Conscious hard working memory Implicit memory not conscious automatic effortless Procedural memory hard easy explicit Implicit Priming recent exposure quizzes before class last long time help with memory Semantic memory facts and concepts Episodic memory personal experiences The 7 Sins of Memory Transience memory decays over time Retroactive interference New learning impairs older learning Proactive interference old learning impairs new learning Absentmindedness not paying attention Blocking Tip of the tongue reveal Memory misattribution tribute memory to the wrong source Suggestibility memories differ Bias present knowledge beliefs and feelings affect memory Persistence inability to forget Flashbulb memories
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