POSI 2310 Test 3 Study Guide
POSI 2310 Test 3 Study Guide 2310
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Marissa on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 2310 at Texas State University taught by Joshua Quinn in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 636 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Government in Political Science at Texas State University.
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Better than the professor's notes. I could actually understand what the heck was going on. Will be back for help in this class.
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Date Created: 10/29/15
Test 3 Study Guide 1 What is the differences in tenure of a congressman before 1900 and today Before 1900 Congress was a temporary position retired after 1 term Today most are career politicians 2 What is an Incumbent An office holder seeking for reelection 3 David Mayhew said congressmen are what Singleminded seekers of reelection 4 What is pork barrel spending Who does it benefit Bringing federal money to home districts benefits constituents helps gain voter approval of incumbents 5 What is gerrymandering Who does it benefit Redrawing favorable boundaries of electoral districts benefits incumbents 6 Do PACs give more to challengers or incumbents What if there is no incumbent open seat election Gives more to incumbents they spend as much money as they can to nominate their candidates 7 What is the approximate 10 reelection rate in the congress 8792 8 What is the midterm election problem Turnout variation is less in number and greater in party association 9 How do voters typically respond to divisive issues Attack the incumbent 10 Why do some congressional incumbents face PRIMARY election challengers Think TEA Party May receive challengers from within the party a moderate could be faced with a more moderate chaHenger 11 Do the demographics of congress mimic the US population at large Why or why not No minorities are less likely to run therefore less likely to be represented in congress 12 What is a party caucus What happens there Closed session where parties plan strategies and policy 13 What is the most powerful position in the Congress How is heshe chosen Speaker of the House elected by House membership typically a member of the majority party 14 What are roll call votes Have they become more or less partisan in recent decades Each member s vote is recorded as they are called on have become more partisan 15 Who technically resides over the Senate Who resides over the Senate in hisher absence Vice President Senate president pro tempore 16 What are the 4 kinds of congressional committees What does each do Standing permanent with responsibility for certain areas of policy Select oversee legislation Conference work out the differences between Senate and House versions of a bill Joint advisory 17 Where is most work done in Congress Committees 18 What is a conference committee Group of people that attempt to combine the Senate and House versions of a bill into one document reconcile differences between similar legislation 19 What options does a president have when a bill comes to his desk Sign veto pocket veto 20 How is the fragmentation within congress a weakness How is it a strength Limits Congress role on broad issues strength in policymaking to deal with narrow problems 21 Why is the presidency a strong office It s the only institution that deals with both international and domestic issues 22 Who was the first president to claim broad national policy leadership Andrew Jackson 23 What was the Whig theory of the presidency How does this compare to the modern presidency Presidency was limited or restrained office same 24 How did Theodore Roosevelt embody the stewardship theory of the presidency Was the first strong assertive president 25 What are the 4 roles of the president Commander in chief chief executive chief diplomat legislative leader 26 How are presidential nominees chosen currently Voters elect delegates to national party conventions party selects presidential candidate 27 What is the difference between a representative and a delegate Representative makes a decision for you Delegate makes the decision that they re told to 28 Which states do presidential candidates focus their efforts on in the general election Battleground states 29 What type of policy do most presidents focus on early in their term What is this early phase called Domestic Honeymoon period 30 What type of policy do most presidents focus on late in their term Foreigninternational 31 Other than leadership what are 5 things that impact how effective a president can be The nature of the issue relations with congress public support state of the economy foreign crises 32 What are the 3 basic principles that organize a bureaucracy Hierarchal authority job specialization formalized rules 33 Why was there a large growth in the size of the federal bureaucracy in the latter part of the 1800 s In the 1930 s Response to economic growth response to Great Depression 34 The five types of Federal agencies that we discussed are Cabinet departments independent agencies regulatory agencies government corporations presidential commissions 35 How were jobs in the federal bureaucracy filled in the 1800 s How did this change in the progressive era Patronage and spoils system merit system and neutral competence 36 When discussing the federal budget what is discretionary spending How much of the budget is discretionary approx fraction Spending without specific limitations 13 is discretionary 37 What did Max Webber say was a strength of bureaucracy What did he say was the price it carried Efficiency government becomes an iron cage 38 Bureaucracies get power from 3 sources They are Expertise clientele groups friends in high places 39 The federal bureaucracy is held accountable by several ways How does the president hold it accountable The congress The courts How about through the bureaucracy itself Which is accessible to normal people outside the government Nongovernment employeesnonpoliticians President reorganization presidential appointments Office of Management and Budget Congress quotpower of the purse oversight function drafting laws with specific instructions for implementation sunset provisions Courts an injured party can bring suit against an agency Itself Senior Executive Services administrative law judges whistleblowing demographic representativeness Courts are accessible to people outside the government 40 What is the Office of Management and Budget How do they help keep the bureaucracy accountable thru the president Helps detail the federal budget accountable through budgets regulations and legislative proposals 41 Are presidential commissions permanent or temporary What do they do for the president Both provide special advice 42 Why is the judiciary a less democratic branch of government Leaders are not elected 43 What types ofjurisdiction does the Supreme Court have Which is most common Original and appellate 44 What does the Supreme Court do with cases from lower courts In other words what issues does the Supreme Court address from previous trials Decide whether or not procedures were followed appropriately 45 In regard to the Supreme Court what is an opinion What 4 types of opinions can the Court produce Which agree with the decision The decision made by the Court Majority plurality concurring dissenting Those that agree are majority and plurality 46 About how many cases does the Supreme Court hear each year What types of issues does the Court hear 100 those that have compelling reason relate to international diplomat or conflict between states 47 Where do most court cases begin and end The district courts 48 How do states select judges What is the most common method Political appointment partisannonpartisan election merit plan Partisan election most common 49 What is the legacy that presidents can create within the judicial system What power allows them to do this Appointing Justices with similar views chief executive 50 What are the main sources of law that courts consider The Constitution legislative statues legal precedents 51 How do outside groups influence the courts What is an amicus curiae brief File amicus curiae briefs which advise the courts what to do and make the group s position known 52 The court interprets how law should be applied How can Congress check and balance this power Writes laws with specific instructions sunset clause can change the law if they don t agree 53 What isjudicial activism Judicial restraint Which is right Activism judges should interpret the constitution and statutes maintain intent Restraint judges should abide by precedent and legislation strict interpretation Right balance between the two 54 In regards to the judiciary what is the theory of originalism What is the other side of this theoretical coin Originalism determine and preserve founders intent Living constitution adaptable to changing circumstances and challenges 55 How do federal judges get into office How do they leave office Political appointment and Senate approval death or retirement
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