Political Parties and Interest Groups
Political Parties and Interest Groups PSCI 3031
Popular in Course
Popular in Political Science
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Modesto Renner on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSCI 3031 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Nancy Billica in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see /class/231925/psci-3031-university-of-colorado-at-boulder in Political Science at University of Colorado at Boulder.
Reviews for Political Parties and Interest Groups
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/29/15
Political Science Midterm Short Answer 1 The primary concern that motivated Madison s writing of Federalist 10 was how to eliminate the neg effects of factions such as removing the causes and controlling the effects Madison response to the problem was a democratic republic which would give citizens gov t through representation 2 Political Parties and Interest groups primary focus Political Parties An organization that seeks to achieve political power by electing members to public office so that their political philosophies can be turned into public policy Interest Groups Private Organizations that try to shape public policy 3 Political Parties help democracy by promoting links between citizens and gov t leaders as well as promote public benefits and interests They hurt democracy by sometimes wanting the other party to fail and they don t work together to create the best for the country 4 The system of groups is very complex in American politics but very important It allows the government to stay true to its democratic roots by not getting to powerful or pushy in certain areas 5 Party organization has two common features in all parts of the United States First parties are organized in series of committees reaching from the precinct level to the national committee Second party committee organization parallels the arrangement of electoral districts 6 Examples of federalism in party structures Voting in statebased units winner takes all favoring a two party system I Competition among states to influence presidential candidate selection eg dates of primary elections Political party rules vary by state caucuses vs primaries whether electors appear on ballot whether electors pledged to support slate I Competition between state and national party organizations eg punishing state delegations no votes in national convention 7 State party committees Recruit candidates For statewide office eg state treasurer attorney general For state legislative seats Train candidates Support campaigns Support local party committees 8 National convention delegates are chosen through either a caucus or primary Caucus A meeting of the local members of a political party to select delegates to a convention or register preferences for candidates running for office Primary An election enabling voters to participate in the selection of candidates with delegates allocated accordingly 9 10 Proportional representation leads to longer nomination struggles more contested primaries and more negative feelings within the party in the general election campaign 11 12 The main purposes of the national party conventions are selecting the party s candidates for president and vice president as well as ratifying the party platform Now candidates and their organizations dominate todays conventions and power is a product of a candidates affiliation with one of the candidate organizations 13 14 The Speaker of the House represents the party beliefs and goals to a t by being the head and face of the party to the country congressionally speaking 15 The two main types of voting systems include a winner take all system which can consist of a primary then main election with the winner of the primary gaining candidacy The other option is a multiple winner system where the voter typically chooses from a larger group of candidates and the top vote getters gain election 16 Closes party List ballots Only registered party members are allowed to vote on candidates Open party list ballots candidates are chosen from the stateregion by everyone 17 18 19 Why so few Third Party Successes The odds are against them I It is difficult for third party candidates to raise enough money to compete with the major parties Only one candidate can win in a given district Usually the winner is either Democratic or Republican I In most states third party candidates must show they have support by getting voter signatures to even be placed on the ballot for national office 20 Third parties can effect elections by pulling votes away from one or more parties 21 Most minor parties are shortlived because lssues go away Economy gets better I Party heals Phagocytosis Issues absorbed by others I Exceptions ideological parties 22 23 24
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'