PSY101 Exam 4 (Final) Mae
PSY101 Exam 4 (Final) Mae PSY 101
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emma Natzke on Wednesday January 21, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 101 at Arizona State University taught by Mae in Winter2014. Since its upload, it has received 1293 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 01/21/15
PSY 101 Exam 4 Study Guide Study tip If a concept was covered in lecture always use lecture notes Only if not then use book Remember that the Methods lectures om the beginning of the semester will be included on this exam Also items in red will be only be included if we have time to cover them in lecture Movie Elling Psychological Disorders amp Treatment criticized the original model for considering mental illness by what is outside the norm Thomas Joiner Psychosis Psychopaths Prior models amp medical model drilling a hole in the skull to allow the mental illness to escape Diagnosis criteria amp tools 4 D s lol deviant outside the norm dysfunctional messes with your life demand needs to cause the client enough stress to want to get help court client themselves geg to self or others IV Axes I clinical syndromes II personality disorders 111 medical conditions IV psychosocial problems V global assessment of functioning A number between 0 100 100 being functioning perfectly in life DSM S moving away from axis system Toward they re actually nding ways to help people get over things Excessive apprehension Generalized anxietv disorder not caused by threat Phobic disorder interferes with someone s life to the point that they get help for it Social anxiety disorder fear of social situations Panic disorder amp Agoraphobia recurrent attacks or episodes not due to current events Obsessive compulsive disorder persistent obtrusive thoughts cognitive amp behavioral Post traumatic stress disorder psychological disturbance from traumatic events war vets rape victims Etiology of Anxiety Based Disorders Genetics twins have the same genetic makeup but it is possible for one to have a gene triggered and the other to not Neurochemicals decreases in serotonin activity Classical amp operant conditioning phobias are caused by classical conditioning and maintained through operant conditioning Cognitive interpretation difference Personality neuroticism Stress can trigger episodes OCDrelated disorders 4 Acrophobia Airophobia lt4 Physical ailments With no organic basis Somatic svmptom disorder a lot of constant anxiety from real or fake symptoms Real symptoms are exaggerated in perception Illness anxiety disorder no symptoms but an obsession With the possibility of coming down With a serious illness Conversion disorder psychological symptoms are being converted into physical ones Factitious disorder purposely making symptoms Etiology of Somatic Symptom Based Disorders Personality histrionic personality craving attention Cognitive Sick Role Etiology somatic symptom related disorders Memory Dissociations Dissociative Amnesia memory loss that occurs around a certain event sometimes With dissociative fugue Dissociative Fugue loss of memory for all identifying information Dissociative Identitv Disorder DID multiple personality disorder Etiology of Dissociative Disorders Stress Early trauma Story of Anna Upp 2 Emotional Disturbances amp etiology Maior Depressive Disorder alternating between mania and depression Bipolar Disorder Mal Ilia Reckless impulsive behavior Increased self esteem Decreased perceived need for sleep Grandiose planning Etiology of Mood Disorders Neurotransmitters Genetics Cognitive negative thoughts and Social skills Stress amp etiology Etiology of Schizophrenia Genetics hereditary but does not necessarily mean it Will be inherited Neurochemicals Excessive dopamine Brain structure can be linked to brain injuries Expressed Emotions environment if parents are highly critical judgmental and overly critical or concerned it seems to speed up Stress triggers episodes Maj or symptoms Disturbed emotions Hallucinations Delusions Unorganized speech one of the last three must be present for diagnosis Schizophrenia DSMIV subtypes 4 Paranoid high rate of audible hallucinations Disordered inappropriate affect emotion behavior and speech Catatonic strict immobility repeating a useless motion Undifferentiated more than 1 New DSM S Classi cation Culturerelated disorders Koro amp Amok Insanity defense they were in a state in which they did not realize what they were doing Involuntary commitment Deinstitutionalization Appleby amp Others 2001 violence study Interpersonal theory of suicide 1940s state funded mental hospitals Understaffed underdeveloped care foodshelter 1960s community mental health movement more community care less hospitalization 1970s Wyatt Standards good staff in quality and quantity Individualized treatment Minimum restriction of freedom Goal since 1960s give people the treatment they need to go back into society Bene ts reduces of in patients chance to live independently Problems Revolving door people are in and out Homelessness Insight Therapies talk therapies the goal is to nd insight Freud Behavioral Therapies goal of changing behavior through classical operant and observational learning Biomedical Therapies drug therapy shock treatment Social Psychology teacherleamer voltage shocks 65 went all the way Asch Berscheid amp Walster Stemberg how we think about ourselves and others Rosenthal amp Jacobsen 1968 school study ltse1famp other Biases in Self Perception Lake Wobegon effect egocentric bias the tendency to in ate self evaluations Spotlight effect In ated beliefs of being the center of other s attention Biases in Other Perception Assumed consensus effect the belief that people share your opinions more than they really do Halo effect making assumptions based off of 1 or 2 good or bad traits Expectancv effects if you expect something you re more likely to pay attention Context effects when surrounding areas affect your view on someone Priming eets bias by whatever is on your mind even subliminally Selfserving bias White bear study Wagner ring the bell every time you think about white bears Stereotyr s to believe that people have certain traits solely because of their group memberships mm a judgement of favorable and unfavorable Discrimination treating people differently solely because of their group memberships based on gender age and race Stereotype threat Classical conditioning learning by trigger association Operant conditioning learning by reward and punishment Observational learning learning by observing Cognitive dissonance Effort justi cation Source factors 4 credibility trustworthiness attractiveness likability Message factors 3 strength validity repetition Audience factors 2 forewaming latitude of acceptance Langlois amp others 1994 attraction study Passionate vs companionate love Triangular Theory of Love Relationships amp research Eros passion based largely on physical feelings love at rst sight Ludus playful seeing it as a game Storge relationship evolves from a very close friendship Pragma they have a speci c reason that they re having their mate ful ll Mania tend to like relationships With strong ups and downs Will leave a relationship if the need for drama in the relationship is not met Agape considering the needs of the other s above one s own Most famous conformity experiment Mass Murderers Kills many in short time Pro le White middle class middle aged men With building frustrations until one event pushes them over the edge Serial Killers One victim at a time Pro le same demographics listed above Differences from mass murderers They nd pleasure in killing need for power Rarely use a gun No empathy There is no evidence that they can make improvement by dehumanizing people they manipulated them and claimed authority Social psychology and germs Social Loa ng reduced effort that people tend to exert in groups Deindividuation if everybody else is doing it there is less individual responsibility Bystander Effect nobody takes action because they all assume somebody else Will mm altering opinion based on those around you Social In uence Footinthedoor technique baby steps towards earning things Doorintheface technique
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