Exam 4 Study Guide
Exam 4 Study Guide SOC 1523
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by KatieNotetaker on Saturday October 31, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 1523 at University of Oklahoma taught by Clay in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 107 views. For similar materials see Social Problems in Sociology at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 10/31/15
Exam 4 Review 10282015 Two degrees offered around world 0 Criminology 0 Sub discipline of sociology o Sociology degree 0 Theoretical and research guided Criminal justice 0 More hands on more practical o How to use handcuffs how to apprehend someone how to look at blood splatter patterns Incarceration rates in US 15 million ppl in prisons o Criminologist would notice differences btw race and ethniticy o Might ask why a large number are black or Hispanic 0 More interested in why Know dominant trends 0 official stats on crimes 0 those reported in the UCR pg 132 violent and property crimes 0 violent and property crimes have gone down signi cantly 0 crime rates have gone up signi cantly in recent years 0 of Americans incarcerated 15 million people 0 highest rate in the world 0 odds of being arrested are higher than anywhere else in the world 0 we lead the world in minority groups 0 patterns 0 incarceration rates since 1980 have quadrupled o criminologists point to the Prison Paradox if crime rates are going down why do we continue to build more and more prisons and jails Prisons and jails have become privatized Fastest growing industry building of prisons and jails US GDP n 1980 US spent 20 billion dollars on prison system what is now called the prison industrial complex a 2010 200 billion dollars spent on prisons n the rise is due to the War on Drugs 0 25 of the people incarcerated are there bc of drug related offenses How do we measure crime 0 Uniform Crime Reports UCR of cial rates 0 Stats reported annually 0 Gathered by police departments around the country 0 FBI stats 0 Victimization Surveys O O O 0 Published annually by the US Department ofJustice Surveys which Americans are being asked if they have been a part of a crime in the last year Much higher than UCR stats 50 of all violent crimes are reported to the police The Crime Index 0 The index crimes 0 Most frequently and most serious crimes 0 Part of the UCR The Crime Clock 54 pg 136 0 Published every year 0 In US there is 1 murder every 31 minutes 0 One motor vehicle accident every 288 seconds Violent vs property crimes 0 Violent 0 Assault robbery and various types of homicide 0 Physical injury is in icted or threatened Property crimes 0 Vandalism check forgery shop lifting and some kind of automobile theft How do we de ne 0 Crime 0 Any act or omission of an act for which the state can apply sancUons Criminal law 0 Prohibits certain acts and prescribes the punishment to be meted out to violators Civil law 0 Laws that deal with noncriminal acts in which one individual injures another Police discretion 0 William Chambliss Who are the saints Who are the rough necks What social class were they Attitudesdemeanor 0 William Chambliss Examined how the biases of the local police affected their treatment of middle and lower class delinquents 0 Saints Middle class boys that that had been truant almost every day of the twoyear period during which they were studied Drove recklessly drank excessively and openly cheated on exams 0 Rough necks were lower class delinquents 0 Lower class were more arrested 0 If middle class was pulled over his reaction would be quotI m sorryquot 0 The rough necks reaction would be quotwhy did you pull me overquot 0 Can apply to college setting Pg 138 Globalization and crime trends 0 Increasing ease of movement of people goods services and information across national borders and throughout the world What is the meaning of human trafficking Growing problem around world 0 900000 are trafficked per year 0 Women andor children trafficked into US each year What is meant by debt bondage o A form of enslavement with human trafficking to ensure that their victims cannot easily escape from involuntary servitude What is money laundering The movement of vast sums of money from drug deals or other illegal activities 0 Shipping ecstasy from former USSR companies by FedEx Pg 140147 Types of Crimes Violent Personal Crimes o 45 out of every 100 murder victims are related to their assailants o 25 are from arguments 0 guns account for about 70 of murders How often are guns related to violent crimes 0 70 How many violent crimes result from just arguments 25 Crimes that have gone up in past decade 0 Road rage crimes by 400 0 Starts out being an argument and then turns violent 0 Sporting events 0 Family and domestic violence 0 Violence in the work place 142143 0 criminal homicide o trend large who kill are between 1734 years old 0 what is murder Unlawful killing of a human being with malice aforethought 0 what is manslaughter Unlawful homicide without malice aforethought Murder and race 0 85 of white ppl murder another white person 0 90 of black ppl murder another black person black on black 143144 0 diff btw mass murderer and serial killer 0 Serial killer Virginia tech murder 0 Murder was most likely diagnosed with psychological disorder What is embezzlement Theft from one s employer What is fraud Obtaining money or property under false pretenses Corporate crimes 0 Savings and loans disaster of 19805 0 We don39t focus on them as being a big deal 0 Economic toll they cost the US they are way more expensive than any other crime Criminology looks at these Public Order Crimes Prostitution gambling use of illegal substances drunkenness vagrancy disorderly conduct and traffic violations 154155 0 hate crimes 0 Crime act from 1994 0 FBI studied Most deviance is with men 10x more likely to commit crime than women Last 20 yrs women are increasingly involved in crime What is the meaning of recidivism 172 0 Going back to prison after already been there 176 0 what is plea bargaining o Offender agrees to plead guilty to a lesser charge and free the courts from the need to conduct a jury trial
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