Study Guide for Exam 2
Study Guide for Exam 2 FSCN 1112
U of M
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexandra Cummins on Saturday October 31, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to FSCN 1112 at University of Minnesota taught by Mashek, Douglas in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 158 views. For similar materials see Principles of Nutrition in Nutrition and Food Sciences at University of Minnesota.
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Date Created: 10/31/15
Practice for exam 2 1 Which is the correct order of fat absorption a Bile is released into the small intestine triglycerides are broken down and absorbed into the blood triglycerides are put back together and sent to the brain b triglycerides are broken down and absorbed into the blood in the stomach triglycerides are put back together and go to the lymph system the liver makes bile to transport fat in the blood c triglycerides enter the large intestine bacteria break them down into monosaccharides and are absorbed d Bile is released into the small intestine triglycerides are broken down and absorbed into the blood triglycerides are put back together and go to the lymph system 2 What is the difference between LDL and HDL cholesterol a The immune system attacks HDL and then dies which forms plaque in the arteries b LDL carries fat from liver to body cells but does not do a good job while HDL picks up harmful oxidizing cholesterol c LDL is the same thing as chylomicron HDL is the same as sterol d HDL and LDL are exactly the same 3 Which of the following is not a concern about consuming fats in America a Omega3 fatty acids are consumed in excess and can lead to obesity b Chronic in ammation caused by an imbalance of omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids c The American diet is very high in fats especially saturated d Consuming trans fats increase the risk of cancer in Americans 4 Which of the following is not part of the Mediterranean dietlifestyle a An abundance of red meats b An abundance of fish c An abundance of red wine d An abundance of fruits and vegetables 5 Which macronutrient contains nitrogen a Carbohydrates b Fats c Proteins d Water e All of the above 6 Which class of amino acids can your body make so they are not required in the diet a Essential b Conditional c Nonessential d Optional 7 Which two foods would be considered complimentary proteins a Steak and eggs b Pita bread and hummus c RNA and DNA d Salmon and tuna 8 Which of the following lists the steps of protein synthesis in order a ribosomes take amino acids and build proteins mRNA goes to the ribosomes in the cytosol DNA is read b DNA transcription occurs in the nucleus mRNA is made mRNA goes to the ribosomes in the cytosol ribosomes translate mRNA and take amino acids to build proteins c RNA is translated in the nucleus mRNA goes to the ribosomes in the cytosol ribosomes take amino acids and build proteins d Amino acids are read in the nucleus ribosomes send mRNA to the nucleus mRNA is converted to amino acids which become proteins 9 How can proteins be denatured a Heat b Enzymes c Acid d All of the above e None of the above proteins can t be digested if they are denatured 10 Which protein test is the most accurate for determining digestible protein a Biological value BV b Protein Digestibility Corrected Amino Acid Score PDCAAs c Chemical score d Equilibrium protein balance 11 How many kcal g of energy are in alcohol Protein Cabs Fat a 7449 b 4479 c 9444 d 9747 12 What does the MEOS pathway for in the liver a This pathway processes normal amounts of alcohol by removing it from the blood and converting it to acetylCoA b This pathway quickly processes large amounts of alcohol and converts it to cellulose c This pathway quickly processes large amounts of alcohol and converts it to acetaldehyde d This pathway creates and stored bile until it is needed in the small intestine 13 Which category of energy classification accounts for the actual energy the body uses Metabolized energy Gross energy Digestible energy Net energy 9962 14 What must all fats carbs and proteins be converted to before they can be used for energy a AcetylCoA b Glucose c Glycogen d Lysine 15 Which is not a step in the digestion of carbohydrates a Electron transport chain b Glycolysis c Citric acid cycle d transcription 16 What is NOT consumed in the electron transport chain a pyruvate b NADH c ADP d 02 17 Why do cells go in to anaerobic respiration a The liver can t convert glucose to pyruvate fast enough b There is not enough oxygen in the cells to undergo aerobic respiration c The cells are burning fats instead of carbs d The mitochondria has been damaged and can t preform glycolysis 18 Is he following statement true or false carbs aid in fat digestion because they makeup some of the intermediates needed for the citric acid cycle a True b false 19 What is PKO phenylketonuria a An infection in infants that make it impossible to digest proteins b An inborn error of mutation where the body converts all amino acids to phenylalanine c A disease where the body can t make glucose from glycogen so blood sugar must be closely monitored to prevent hypoglycemia d An inborn error of mutation where the body can t digest phenylalanine so it builds up in the brain and can cause damage 20 What components make up the BMR basal metabolic rate a Normal brain function b Muscle and liver function c Thermic effect of food d All of the above e A and C only 21 What is the most accurate way to measure body composition a Air displacement b DEXA c BMI d Skinfold thickness 22 What is subcutaneous fat a The fat located around internal organs b The dangerous fat around the brain c The fat located just under the skin d The fat predominant in obese people with apple shaped bodies Answers H U Da
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