New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Mr. Orie Larson

IntroToPsychology PSY111

Marketplace > Miami University > Psychlogy > PSY111 > IntroToPsychology
Mr. Orie Larson
GPA 3.67


Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Psychlogy

This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mr. Orie Larson on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY111 at Miami University taught by CarrieHall in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see /class/233348/psy111-miami-university in Psychlogy at Miami University.


Reviews for IntroToPsychology


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 11/01/15
lWhat is consciousness o Consciousness is a process that the brain forms a psychological representation of our experiences and present thoughts 2What do behaviorists think of consciousness Why 0 Behaviorists think consciousness rejected it because they believed mental processes are result of our actions 3What are the two different levels the brain operates on o The two different levels the brain operates on are the conscious and the nonconscious 4What is the difference between conscious and nonconscious processes 0 The difference between 39 and 39 is 39 you are aware and attentive to what you are experiencing and nonconcsious you are unaware 5What does consciousness do for us 0 The conscious is responsible for confines our attention so we can focus on one thing at a time provides a place to join sensations with other psychological processes such as memory and emotions and allows us to form a mental representation of the world 6What are the levels of consciousness o The levels of 39 are r and 7Explain the preconscious Provide an example of its action 0 Preconscious is a part of the consciousness that stores information that isn t presently in the conscious but is available to the conscious at the same time An example is your address is stored in the preconscious 8Explain the unconscious What are some examples of unconscious processes 0 The unconscious is a part of the conscious that stores emotional memories desires and feelings that could be menacing if brought to the consciousness 9What are some tricks to bringing information to consciousness 0 Some tricks to bringing information to the consciousness are study for the general idea look for links among concepts and expect the most likely prompts 10What is the difference between cognitive learning and behavioral learning 0 The difference between cognitive learning and behavioral learning is cognitive learning involves the consciousness and behavioral learning involves the processes outside the consciousness llWhat does it mean when it is said that consciousness cycles 0 The consciousness goes in an out of alertness during the day such as in the morning more alert and toward the evening less alert and then into sleep with almost no alertness 12Explain aspects of daydreaming o Daydreaming usually occurs when people are bored or when your environment isn t keeping your attention and their mind starts to wander It usually involves with your memories expectations and desires They are usually vivid and it is normal for people to daydream l3Def1ne circadian rhythms How are they related to consciousness o Circadian rhythm is a psychological pattern that repeats approximately every twentyfour hours This relates to consciousness because when you sleep you are in an altered consciousness Sleep and wakefulness is a cycle in consciousness l4What is REM sleep 0 REM sleep is a stage of sleep that occurs about every 90 minutes with the occurrence of spurts of rapid eye movements while the eyes are closed and are linked with dreaming 15What are the stages in the sleep cycle Provide a thorough explanation of each stage 0 Stage one is the person has slower brain activity close to being awake Stage two is the person has slower brain activity with short burst of electrical activity Stage three and four is the person enters a deeper sleep Brian activity slows down even more and their heart rate and breathing slow too Stage four is when the person is their deepest sleep This is usually when they have been sleeping about 30 minutes The person then moves to REM sleep instead of going back to stage one This includes rapid eye movement The stages repeat with REM sleep after the stages REM sleep stage becomes longer as you sleep longer l6What is REM rebound 0 REM rebound is a condition with an increase in REM sleep caused by the lack of REM sleep 17 What are some of the functions of sleep 0 Some of the functions of sleep are conserves energy keeps you out of harm s way aids mental functioning such as memory and problem solving and a way to restore the body 18Explain sleep debt What are some of the problems it causes 0 Sleep debt is a deficiency caused by not getting the correct amount of sleep that a person requires for their best functioning ability l9What are two theories for why we dream 0 The two theories for why we dream are Freud s Theory of Dreams and Activationsynthesis Theory 20What is Freud s theory of dreams 0 Freud s Theory of Dreams is we dream to guard sleep and serve as desire ful llment He divided the dream into two parts which are manifest content and latent content 21Def1ne manifest and latent content Using your own personal experience dissect a dream you ve had into its manifest and latent content 0 The manifest content is the story line and the latent content is the meaning ofthe dream with symbols I had a dream I was speeding away in a car and wouldn t stop from the police That would be the manifest content The latent content would be I am running from something in real life such as my problems or from making decisions 22Are there differences in dreams across cultures Explain 0 There are differences in dreams across cultures For example a small tribe in Africa wouldn t dream of going to prison because they didn t pay their taxes and Americans wouldn t dream of getting ate by a lion or dying of starvation 23Explain activationsynthesis theory 0 The activationsynthesis theory is dreams start with unsystematic electrical activation from the brain stem causing dreams which are an attempt to understand the unsystematic activity 24What is insomnia 0 Insomnia is the incapability to fall asleep fast waking up too early and numerous awakenings 25What is sleep apnea What complications can it cause 0 Sleep apnea is a disorder of the respiratory system that the person sporadically stops breathing multiple times during their sleep Complications that it can cause are damage to brain cells higher blood pressure causing stress on the blood vessels and the heart and SIDS in newborns 26Def1ne narcolepsy o Narcolepsy is a REM sleep disorder which involves sleep attacks in which the individual fall asleep without warning such as when they are driving which can be dangerous 27 How does hypnosis work o Hypnosis only works if the person is relaxed creating a heightened sense of responsiveness to suggestions by the hypnotists Sleep isn t involved in hypnosis 28How is mediation related to consciousness o Meditation is related to consciousness because it is a state of consciousness that is caused by focusing on a recurring behavior when you reduce stimulation from outside your body and get into certain body positions 29What are psychoactive drugs What are the different classes of psychoactive drugs 0 Psychoactive drugs are substances that affect mental procedures and behavior by affecting on the brain The different classes of psychoactive drugs are opiates hallucinogens depressants and antianxiety drugs and stimulants 30What kind of changes do hallucinogens induce 0 Changes that hallucinogens induce are changes in consciousness They do this by distorting perceptions forming hallucinations distorting the person from the world around them 3 lWhat is cannabis What mindaltering effects does it cause 0 Cannabis is a psychoactive drug in the hallucinogen class made from the hemp plant Some of its mindaltering affects are euphoria time distortion and an increased sensory experience 32What are some of the main effects of opiates 0 Some of the main effects of opiates are pain relieving euphoria drowsiness and tranquility 33Explain the depressant class of drugs 0 Depressants are drugs that reduce the person s mental and physical activity by reduce CNS activity If used appropriately can reduce pain or anxiety It can weaken a person s judgment and movements 34 What are Benzodiazepines and how do they function 0 Benzodiazepines are a depressant that are prescribed for the treatment of anxiety They make the person more calm but not drowsy 35Explain the action of alcohol 0 The action of alcohol is relaxation with cognitive and motor impairment 36What are some of the main effects of stimulants 0 Some of the main effects of stimulants are intense pleasant sensations increased selfconfidence euphoria alertness and concentration 37 How do general anesthetics function 0 General anesthetics interferes with you consciousness and awareness of pain by suppressing it It also produces you to be immobile and sedative 3 8 Explain tolerance o Tolerance is when a person has used a drug frequently their body isn t as effective 39What is physical dependence 0 Physical dependence is when the body becomes accustomed to the drug and begins to need it to function properly everyday 40What is the difference between physical and psychological dependence 0 The difference between physical and psychological dependence is psychological dependence only involves the desire for the drug and the body isn t in need of the drug like physical dependence


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.