TURB 210-Review for Quiz #1
TURB 210-Review for Quiz #1 TURB 210
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amber Schindler on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to TURB 210 at University of Washington taught by Anthony Falit-Baiamonte in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Urban Society and Culture in School of Public and Environmental Affairs at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 11/01/15
T URB 210 Review for Quiz #1 A) What is a City? a. “What can you find in a city?” i. Cultural centers, Buildings (skyscrapers), Transportation (public vs. private), Economy (Labor, Business, etc.) ii. It is a combination of elements on a large urban scale. iii. Lewis Mumford—focused on physical vs social aspects of a city 1. “Fetishize the urban form” B) City Rhythms a. A city has many different rhythms, depending on location and time. b. Rhythm—comings and goings/repetitive activities, smells, sounds, etc. c. Can be multiple rhythms at the same time and place d. Can be difficult to guess types of rhythm because some rhythms can be obscure. C) Contemporary Cities and Producing Modern Metropolis a. Prior to 1920—growth was focused on downtown core/ CBD (central business district). b. Starting around 1920, new cycle of investments and disinvestments: i. New technology and infrastructure—telecommunication, cars, electricity, etc. Ignited the “roaring 20s”. c. Directly supported housing construction through FHA (Federal Housing Administration). Made purchasing houses easier with lower “down” (7% minimum compared to the 2550% down). i. Insurance was restricted to single family developments, middle class+, homogeneous populations. d. Urban area began to be marketed by: i. Sprawl—low density development. ii. Complex and unfair land use patterns iii. Social segregation iv. Poor public transit e. Development regulate zoning to exclude both undesirable land uses and population. i. 1926 Supreme Court ruling Village of Eudid, Ohio vs. Amber Reality Co. ii. Allowed production of uniform residential tact with stable property values. D) Producing Modern Metropolis a. Suburbs: i. Early suburbs occurred along the rail lines (19001910). ii. Levittown style suburbs were based more on the increase of roads and automobiles (post WWII, 1950s) iii. Metro Region—focus on one or more central city. 1. Suburbs can be a city/town within the region. 2. Neighborhoods—within cities but are different b. Post WWII Urban Development i. Government policies continued the lead in investments of automobiles and suburban infrastructure. 1. Title II of 1949 Housing Act w/FHA housing guidelines. ii. City focuses on “urban renewal” which was consequence of the Title I of the 1949 Housing Act. iii. Decentralization of industries and residents. Businesses moved to suburbs searching for cheaper land. Retailed moved to suburbs to follow the residents move. c. Post 1973 suburbia—present: i. Reconcentration and deconcentralization at a metro scale 1. Reinvestment in certain central city areas (gentrification— movement back into the city) 2. Growth of corporate service economy in central cities 3. Planned suburban development, growth management (within suburban downtowns and edge cities) d. Refer to Cliff Notes Table in Week 2 Notes E) Cities and Globalization a. Global Cities are the command and control centers in global economy i. Increases interconnectedness if different parts of the world (economic, political and cultural processes in charge). However, global power is uneven. b. “North” Cities, ex. New York City, Tokyo (Northern Hemisphere) c. “South” Cities, ex. Rio de Janeiro, Bangalore (Southern Hemisphere) d. Global Network of Cities: i. NYC, London and Tokyo are considered to the most prominent of world cities. 1. Functioning centers of finance, gateways for immigrants, international institutions and major universities. ii. Leading global markets iii. Clustering of specialized/advanced businesses iv. Concentrations of Corporate Headquarters v. Sites of IGOs and NGOs vi. Media Dominance vii. Influx of immigrants viii. Low wage/Informal Service Sectors ix. Significant levels of inequality. F) Capitalism and the Built Environment (Is part of Section 2) a. Harvey’s Circulation of Capital i. Primary circuit: wealth generates activities (productions and consumption) 1. Crisis: Over accumulation/over production ii. Secondary circuit: land markets (built environments) New productive 1. Crisis: Property Loan Build new iii. Tertiary Circuit: Social investments 1. Train labor for new production circuit iv. Circuits changed over decades (Manufacturing technology Green (current) b. Entrepreneurial Approach to Urban Government i. Contemporary approach: bring business to the city 1. Promote the city to be business friendly, fun, safe in order to attract workers. a. Place Marketing: market the city as a product b. Bidding Ward: provide tax breaks c. Events syndrome: New places spring up create urban playgrounds creates cultural industries.
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