What religion is practiced widely in India and is the 3rd largest religion in the world?
Hinduism is one of the ________ in the world?
What group is the origins of Hinduism based on?
Where do rituals and hymns for Hinduism's come from ?
Vedas, of the Book of Knowledge
Why are Hinduism polytheistic?
they worship many gods
What do Hindus believe about there many gods?
All the gods are part of a supreme spirit named Brahman
Do Hindus believe all things have souls?
Yes, including animals especially the Cow which is very sacred
Are Hindus carnivores or vegetarians?
Why is reincarnation important in the Hindu religion?
the soul does not die with the body but enters the body of another person or animal
Does a Hindu reincarnate forever?
It reincarnates many times until the life it lives is good enough to be united with Brahman
Does the Life that a Hindu lives determine his next life?
What is the belief that one's actions determines one's fate?
What is the caste system in Hinduism?
the belief that social class is hereditary and does not change throughout a person's life
How can a Hindu improve his caste in life?
by being born into a higher caste in one's next life
What are the 4 Main Castes in Hinduism?
Brahmans, Kshtriyas, Vaisyas, Sudras
Who are the untouchables?
or pariahs are the 5th caste of Hindus
Where did Buddhism began?
Buddhism is the ____ largest religion in the world?
What % of the world population is Buddhist?
Who founded Buddhism?
What do Buddhist believe in?
Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path
Why did Siddhartha Guatama begin Buddhism?
He lived a life of luxury but was concerned about the poor and those who suffered Became a monk to hoping to learn about suffering one could find peace if one rejected greed and desire
Do Buddhist believe in reincarnation and Karma like the Hindu?
yes but don't accept the caste system or need for priests
What did Siddhartha Guatama become known as?
Buddha or the Enlightened One
Who taught the 4 Noble Truths?
What are the 4 Noble Truths?
Life always brought pain Suffering and sorrow caused by greed and desire for material things giving up greedy desires a person could end suffering and reach Nirvana, a state of perfect peace To achieve Nirvana one must follow the Middle Way
What must one accomplish to follow the Middle Way?
Following the Eightfold Path (8 Rules of Conduct)
What is the Eightfold Path?
Try to recognize the truth try to avoid evil actions and bad people Don't say things that hurt other people Respect other people and their belongings Choose a job that does no harm to others Do not think evil thoughts Avoid excitement or anger Work at mediation
What religion is the second largest in the world?
Who is the founder of Islam?
Muhammad the prophet
Who introduced Islam to India?
Who ruled India for almost 200 years?
the Mogul Empire established by Islams
What are the 5 Pillars of Islam?
Believe in 1 god and Muhammad as the messenger Pray 5 times a day toward Mecca Charity to the poor Fasting during month of Ramadan Pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in lifetime
Islam is a _________ religion and they worship in a ___?
monotheistic religion and worship in a mosque
What is the holy book of Islam?
What is the earliest religion in Japan?
What do Shintoism believe?
Kami, divine spirits which live in beautiful places in nature, animals, and a person's ancestor
Why are mountains and rivers so sacred to Shintos?
homes of these Kami
What do Shintos do to show to honor and please the kami?
offer prayers and perform rituals
Do the Shintos believe in life after death?
they do not stress about it
What is the significance of creating gardens by Shintos?
worship of nature - a quiet place for reflection
What was once the state religion of Japan?
Who was one of the most important scholars in Chinese History?
What does Confucianism believe are the keys to peace and social order?
behave with good character virtue
What is the Golden Rule of Behavior?
what you do not like when done unto yourself, do not unto others
Was Confucius a religious prophet or religious leader?
What are the 5 basic relationships among men according to Confucianism?
Ruler and subject Father and Son Husband and Wife Older Brother and younger brother Friend and friend
What would happen in Confucianism if each relationship were based on kindness?
peace and harmony in the country