Government of the U.S
Government of the U.S POL 1101
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Adele Brakus DVM on Monday November 2, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to POL 1101 at Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus taught by Richard Barke in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see /class/233971/pol-1101-georgia-institute-of-technology-main-campus in Political Science at Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus.
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StudyGuide1F2000html Page 1 of 4 Study Guide 1 Fall 2000 POL 1101 Prof Barke READ THESE HVSTRUCIYONS 143 certain that you understand the ideas in the summary to each assigned chapter 2 Review all of the boldfaced terms in the text Ask yourself whether you understand each term and whether you understand why it is important Do the same for the ideas listed below Remember the key challenges for you are quotDo I know what x is and quotDo I know what difference x makesquot 3 For each section or subsection of the book determine the major theme and its relevance 4 The questions and topics below are not a list of your total responsibilities They are intended to guide you as you study You may expect some questions based on additional ideas from the text and lectures and several items from current events s Janda Chapter 1 After reading this chapter you should be able to l 0 e e d 0 M 0 V CL39Av V ive practical examples ofways in which the values of freedom order and equality maycon ict VDiscuss the three major purposes of government as offered by J anda and the ultimate purpose of government as described by Madison V6 derstand that there are varieties of democratic government practiced around the world and why they differ 39 plain the two dilemmas of government 39stinguish between liberals and conservatives with regard to their attitudes about the scope and purpose of government Sample question According to the Declaration of Independence a government is legitimate when a its citizens live in fear of its power even if that power is seldom applied 1 citizens recognize its right to rule c it has the raw power to command obedience it balances competing interests in such a way as to maximize quotthe public interestquot Janda Chapter 2 emember to review the key terms at the end of the chapter their de nition and signi cance ow would you arrange the types of government on a continuum based on the number of rulers at are the key principles of procedural democracy Of substantive democracy What are the key problems with each vi w of democracy y has representative democracy replaced participatory democracy inthe modernwoxidr What are the assumptions and mechanisms of the majoritarian pluralist and elite models What are the major strengths and weaknesses of each 39 ple question Compared to Americans people in other Western counuies are to choose equality over freedom quot ore likely b less likely 39 c about equally likely d very unlikely httpclasswebgateCheducoursesiacpubpoVbarkeStudyGuideIFZOOOLhtml 1 91200 2 StudyGuide1F2000html Page 2 of 4 Janda Chapter 3 Remember to review the key terms at the end of the chapter their de nition and signi cance y ou39ve heard about Watergate you may have seen it in a movie but do you understand the impact that it has had on politics sing 1974 You may believe that quotall politicians do it quot but none has misbehaved like Nixon erica s colonial and revolutionary experiences shaped its rst try at selfgovernment under the Articles of Confederation The Articles re ected the values of the time but couldn39t work Why not Janda gives four reasons vents and forces in the evolution of the Constitution aren39t just historical curiosities they still affect us in strong ways ough the American constitution You will never really understand the US its laws institutions successes or failures wi out understanding these forces ould we have a successful constitutional convention today Ifno why not Qemember the sign cance of the Enlightenment John Locke and natural rights quotlibertyquot Montesquieu mixed government actions and interestsinterest groups Is there a quotcon quot solution to the problem of quotwho decidesquot e book argues that the compromises described here were vital to the task of creating a constitution You should be familiar with the quotGreat Compromisequot and why it worked Would our political culture today allow the processes and outcomes of these compromises to be successful Would you allow them to be ppm73 Crucial These four basic principles shape everything that follows in this course Figure 31 helps 7376 We39ll discuss congressional and presidential constitutional powers as we begin each of these topics But go ahead and uaint yourself with the major purposes of the allocation of powers Figure 32 helps y did the Framers agree to allow slavery 81 2nd para Error herelz Factions are not the same thing as interest groups Why was Madison so concerned about actions Why wouldn39t democracy cure their mischiefs Why would a republic do the job What do quotre nementquot and quotenlargementquot have to do with quotrepublicanquot government What would Madison say about the ood of interest groups in Washington today 1Kamilton s opposition to the Bill of Rights is re ected throughout our history it39s dif cult to de ne quotrightsquot In Table 32 pay ttention to the categories of rights quotguarantees of quot gt was the importance of Marbury v Madison for the separation of powers was the quotoriginal intentquot of the Constitution and its Framers Pp 9093 are important What is the relationship Janda says between social equality and the Constitution Janda Chapter 4 ow does the example of teenage drinking and driving illustrate the complexity of de ning quotthe respective sovereignty of natio al and state governmentsquot t was the purpose of adopting a federal system What are the two competing views of federalism Layer cakes and marble cakes You don39t need to know the details of the tortured backandforth shi s in the balance of power between the states and the national government during the past 200 years but your reading of the history should make it clear why there is not quotan answerquot to the question of what the proper balance should be What did Presidents Reagan and Clinton do to try to reshape federalism Pay attention to quotunfunded mandatesquot Why have the states been called the quotlaboratories of democracyquot Why is the Tenth Amendment ambiguous So what able to name a concurrent power a power exclusive to the states and a power exclusive to the national government t did McCulloch v Maryland establish Sample question Which of the following is certain to occur in the American system of federalism a overlap in the responsibilities of the various levels of government b a clear understanding of what level of government a sanitation o icer works for c smooth cooperation among levels of government 1 a clear demarcation of the various responsibilities across levels of government httpclasswebgatecheducoursesiacpubpolbarkeStudyGuide1F2000htm1 91200 StudyGuidelF2000html Page 3 of 4 Janda Chapter 5 ow can surveys of small percentages of the population produce accurate measures of public opinion p 132 t do the majoritarian and pluralist models assume about public opinion Which set of assumptions is best justi ed by evidence What is meant by the shape and stability of the distribution of public opinion Know quotnormalquot and quotbimodalquot rDo the authors39 explanations of the roots of our political socialization sound familiar to you ow have the relationships between social group membership and public opinion changed since the turn of the century What is ideology In what way does the liberalconservative framework oversimplify how Americans think about government How ideological are Americans Ht does the history of public thinking on the death penalty reveal about public opinion Janda Chapter 10 gt e l Ha SM 1 What does the case of tobacco policy tell you about quotthe clash between pluralism and majoritarianism 1 What is quotgoodquot about interest groups What is quotevilquot What roles do they perform Ask yourself how these functions w d be performed if there were no interest groups by was the Christian Coalition successful David Truman39s ideas abOut how interest groups form are use rl Salisbury discusses interest group entrepreneurs Know these x luralism is characterized not only by the plethora of interest groups but also by the diversity of resources they have How does pluralism relate to the idea of quotthe public interestquot Why do we have so many interest groups Be sure that you understand the freerider problem Relate it to quotpublic goodsquot from the beginning of the book So why do people join interest groups at assets are important to a lobbyist39s effectiveness Janda discusses three types of lobbying tactics each of which can take a wide range of approaches Know these and ryember that successful groups are likely to use more than one A key to the entire political process is coalition building What is quotmembership biasquot and to what degree is it a problem for American politics Would you want to have lunch with any of the people shown on p 333 even if they paid for the martini What are some of the costs or drawbacks of expanding public participation through quotstakeholder groupsquot These were discussed on the course Web page Janda Chapter 8 Th chapter begins with the key questions Why do we have any political parties what functions do they perform that are essential for democratic governance Why do we have Democratic and Republican parties how does the system discourage third parties What are the major differences between the two major parties VFor this course don39t worry about the history of the parties Whigs Federalists etc But undertand the idea of a critical election that leads to a mdamental realignment eg 1932 M What does it mean to quotidentifyquot with a party For this course don39t worry about national party organization or state and local parties Of course they39re important but we39re not focusing on them now on should know the four principles of quotresponsible party governmentquot Also pay attention to what the text says about whether these principles actually work in the US J anda Chapter 9 Yilow has the role of political parties in elections campaigns changed in the past forty years at is the difference between an open primary and a closed primary at useful functions are served by the Iowa caucuses and New Hampshire primaries httpclasswebgatecheducoursesiacpubpolbarkeStudyGuide1F2000htrnl 1 91200 StudyGuidelF 2000h1ml Page 4 of 4 quotfnow the blue bullets and pp 282283 1i ml Try the electoral college simulation on the course web page 8 Fynderstand the Tip O39Neill quote on p 289 or those of you paying very close attention know what976 said about campaign nances The two sets of blue bullets on pp 292293 should be familiar 1 you ve 5 een paying attention to this year s presidential campaign L What is the major effect of quotnegativequot advertising there are more Democratic party identi ers than Republicans why do Republicans win races Be sure that you understand quotissue votingquot Does this describe you Good luck httpclasswebgatecheducoursesiacpubpolfbarkeStudyGuide1F2000html 91200
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