HSTA 101H Exam 2 Study Guide
HSTA 101H Exam 2 Study Guide HSTA 101H - 00
University of Memphis
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HSTA 101H - 00
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rachel Notetaker on Tuesday November 3, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HSTA 101H - 00 at University of Montana taught by Kyle G. Volk (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 266 views. For similar materials see American History I in History at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 11/03/15
1 US History Exam 2 Study Guide ID Terms write 4 5 sentences defining term and stating significance These are examples but not exclusively what will be on the exam a Loyalists i Before 1775 between 15 amp 13 of Euro American colonists were loyalist 1 As many as 500000 colonists rst minority in US ii Wanted security stability and freedom within British Empire 1 Feared economic decline threat of anarchy and slavery iii In response to intolerable acts continental congress 1774 toasted to a Union of Britain and the Colonies on a constitutional foundation 1 There was need for reform within empire not rebellion iv Joseph Galloway Plan for Home Rule 1 Appropriate representation in British parliament is impractical suggests colonial parliament 2 Significance reveals loyalist thinking a After 1775 being a loyalist becomes increasingly dangerous b Molasses Act of 1733 i Rum was 1St mass marketed product in colonies 2nd most important industry ii 1770 imported 65 million gallons imported from French Caribbean 1 Trading with French was cheaper than with British iii The act 1 Put tariff so high on French trading almost forced British trading on colonists 2 Colonists ignore regulation and profit from it iv Led to sugar act of 1764 1 Lowered duty of molasses tariff hoping for willing compliance 2 Encouraged trade with French and taxed it for the crown 3 Colonists perceive this as a tax to raise revenue v Significance 1 First time parliament acted not just to regulate trade but to raise money 2 Sugar act deprived colonists from most essential rights as Britons a no taxation without representation c The Quock Walker Cases 1781 ii iii iv Walker slave V J ennison owner for assault and battery 1 Wins declaring Walker a freed slave J ennsion V Cauldwell for enticing his slave to escape 1 J ennison wins declaring Walker back to a slave Commonwealth v J ennison 1783 Chief Justice Cushing 1 Can t fit slavery into Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 declares MA abolished slavery Significant because began the fight against slavery during the revolutionary period 1 Creating the Free North d The Free North 1 ii iii iv In the 1780s After Quock Walker cases there was no room for slavery in the Massachusetts constitution as all men created equal is stated In 1790 MA officially abolishes slavery other northern states follow Leads to disestablishment and manumism lots of excess slaves in north 1 Contributes to the empire of inequality in the south and its eXpansion of slavery e Diffusionism 1 ii iii iv v vi vii 1790s post war southwest Encouraged by Thomas Jefferson The belief that slavery was to die by spreading to American Southwest End slavery prevent formation of large groups of blacks Diminish growing strength of large slave populations gradual aviolition in the south Get rid of excess slaves 1 Ban foreign slave trade 2 Allow white masters to migrate with slaves to new area in the south Significance of its failure instead of abolishing slavery facilitated great eXpansion of US in terms of slavery 1 Contributed to a wealth gap and social inequality amongst Cotton Kings and Yeomen f Religious Disestablishment 1 ii iii iv Post revolution era Slow process by which states began to either ban state supported churches or alter their religious establishment 1776VA Constitution declaration of rights says one cannot be forced into a belief 1779 Jefferson Bill for Establishing religious freedom fails V 1784 Patrick Henry s proposal for liberal establishment vi 1785 James Madison s Merorial and Remonstrance against religious establishments vii 1786 End of VA establishment 1 Enacts Jefferson s bill from 1779 2 Popular support in the state important viii Significant because it created opportunities for religious freedom 1 Emblematic of secularization of American government 2 Questioning authority influenced by the great awakening of 1730 3 Product or consequence of the contagion of liberty g The Great Awakening 1730s i Christian worship outside of established churches gets crazy ii Focused on individual conscience saving your own soul not the preist of king s decision iii Personal connection to gospel iv Significance 1 Mass movement throughout colonies increased religious diversity 2 Encouraged people to trust their own views be skeptical of leaders 3 Placed pressure on established churches challenged the norm Puritans h Shay s Rebellion 1786 i Uprising of indebted farmers to stop property foreclosures ii Planned to attack federal arsenal in Springfield VA 1 Taking down the government will give them a government that listens to them iii Private army 4000 wealthy Bostonians stops them iv Significance 1 National Congress realizes it is unable to support an army 2 Next generation election in MA brings debtor friendly legislature 3 Economic crisis turns violet needs a change to stop rebellion 4 International context Britain and Spain see chance for assertioninvasion a US is on the brink of collapse 5 Leads to Philadelphia Convention of 1787 i Battle of New Orleans i Happened after the Treaty of Ghent claiming America had no gainsvictory from the War of 1812 ii Andrew Jackson led 4000 soldiers to an overwhelming victory iii rising glory of the American republic iv Significance 1 From moral defeat to national pride a Awakening of American Nationalism 2 Era of Good feelings in national politics 3 Economic policy reorientation 4 Ameican s empire becomes independent j J efferson s Empire i Goals 1 Military avoid con ict with France and Great Britain get them out of America 2 Commerce Mississippi River and New Orleans ensures access of trade routes in the West 3 More land Expand the Agrarian Republic farmers have endless land to work with ii Consequences 1 EXpanding the empire of slavery MO AR LA TX 2 Opened door for Native American removal a Tribes East of MS River could be relocated West of river b Trail of Tears was direct product of this 3 Manifest destiny in the making a More military power in the West goes with it 2 Essay thesis driven with well supported evidence and clear analysis Assess the extent of change political governmental social economic etc in the United States between 1763 and 1820 a Colonists change from being proud British citizens after the FrenchIndian war 1763 to being ready to rebel against Britain 1775 i Economic changes Britain doubled its debt hoped the colonies would help pay for the war 1 Cost of growing British empire more landtroops 2 Post seven years war recession in the colonies ii British recognition of illicit colonial trading 1 Colonists ignoring British trade regulations 2 Smugglingcorruption 1733 molasses act 3 Grenville enforced navigation acts vice admiralty courts molasses act enforced and new sugar act of 1764 iii Social changes Specifically Concord No more farming land available to pass down through generations absence of primogeniture Patriarchal family in decline declining prospects for children a Father was once head of household was in control of all of his children s actions Rights of Englishmen deepening socio economic dissatisfaction substantial contributing factor that drove the revolution b From monarchy aristocracy to pure democracy to a republic i Changes to popular sovereignty in pure democracy where the people are the source of political power shown in the articles of confederation ii No nobility in colonies but equality was the bases of socio political order iii The national government led to the American Empire or fiscal military state c From State Governments to national government i State governments Paine s model 1 2 3 4 Republics have to be small and close to the people Government by single assembly legislature no governor high court etc Too democratic Adams thought Articles of confederation ii National government 1 2 3 Large republic as opposed to small republics in the states The constitution and bill of rights Mutability and injustice of state laws a Change from 1776 1780 where state governments was a solution to 1786 1787 state governments were now the problem b In need of stronger national government protection from states i Hostile towards democracy ii Limits popular control of government elite control d Changingbringing up power arrangements in Contagion of Liberty i Slave v free Quock Walker cases ii Women v men 1 Abigail Adams Remember the Ladies 2 Common Law of Coverture 3 e Religion a Feme Covert v Feme Sole Women voting in New Jersey Constitution of 1776 i ii Changes from established churches financially supported by government to no specific state government product of the great awakening in 1730s Look at Religious Disestablishment in ID Terms Slavery popular form of labor in the North to abolished in North to huge in the south 1 ii iii iv vi In the north it is on the road to abolishment 1 Abolished in MA constitution of 1790 When the US starts eXpanding to the West slavery spikes 1 1776 500000 slaves to 1820 15 million slaves ParadoX to nation conceived on liberty and equality Virginia economy changing from tobacco to wheat 1 Leads to manumission Diffusionism 1 Bans foreign slave trade slaves now traded between states 2 Slave population growing naturally no more imports Empire of Equality v Empire of Inequality
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