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by: Emily Liescheidt

MUS100Exam#3Review.pdf 15354 - MUS 100 - 01

Emily Liescheidt
Introduction to Music Literature
Kimberly A Veenstra

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About this Document

This study guide reviews parts of the baroque era, information about sonatas, and touches base on some baroque and classical era composers.
Introduction to Music Literature
Kimberly A Veenstra
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Liescheidt on Tuesday November 3, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 15354 - MUS 100 - 01 at Grand Valley State University taught by Kimberly A Veenstra in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Music Literature in Music at Grand Valley State University.


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Date Created: 11/03/15
Music 100 Exam 3 Review Know how music in the Baroque Era was different than music from the Renaissance Era Composers in this era wrote music that sounded less unchanging Baroque sounds similar to broke Remember this when remembering music from this era Music in this era was meant to be meaningful instead of pretty This showed freedom Opera was born in this era The Baroque Era ended in 1750 which is the same year the Bach died Music was centralized in three main places Paris London and Vienna Early Baroque which was 16001700 Style was developed the term misshapen pearl was used to describe this style Claud Monteverdi 15671643 was the composer who closed the gab between the renaissance era and the baroque era He wrote madrigals which were secular with word painting and he used dissonance which wasn t popular among the people He wrote books about Madrigals First genre of Monody Greek for One Song was composed This was written for a solo voice in Greek and Roman It was accompanied by Basso Continuo which includes an instrument that can play a baseline such as a cello Opera is dramatic and there is a plot acted out on the stage The entire text of the opera is sung in recitative singing which is a speechlike rhythm that moves the plot forward Aria was lyrical with a focus on the melody and was a vehicle for emotional content Music was improvised by performers because the composers only wrote parts for the soloist and the baseline Late Baroque 17001750 Style was established There were composers in this era including Bach Handel and Vivaldi A sonata is an instrumental piece written for a small number of musicians There can be sonata da camera which is a chamber sonata used for entertainment There can also be sonata da chiesa which is used in churches The sonatas are musically similar except the sonata da camera is more likely to have dance movements Sonata da chiesa is more likely to have Fugue Solo sonata has soloist and bosso continuo Trio sonata has 2 soloists and bosso continuo Concertos are similar to monodies Concerto grosso has multiple soloists Solo concerto consists of one soloist and the orchestra In France under the power of King Louis XIV there was a strong emphasis on dance music There was a heavy use of dotted rhythms Louis XIV was very fond of the arts this is why it was condoned by him Classical Era sonatas bosso continuo was dropped Mozart wrote 36 violin sonatas and his first set was published when he was 8 A string quartet is 2 violins a viola and a cello Baroque trio sonata had 2 violins a chord instrument and a cello Mozart composed Chamber Music for Winds which was a quintet for piano and winds such as oboe clarinet bassoon and horn Chamber music is not conducted there is 2 to 13 people and there is only one person to each part Beethoven was born in Bonn which is in the Roman Empire He was from a family of court musicians Beethoven studied with Haydn in Vienna Beethoven suffered from a disease that was making him deaf He won solo custody of his nephew then he went completely deaf and created some of his most amazing works after his nephew left to go back to his mom Beethoven died in 1827 after much struggle Early Period up to 1802 Primarily composing within the general classical style that was already established Very individualistic composition emulating techniques of Mozart and Haydn Know the structure for SymphonyEach part lllllllV Standardized orchestra 2 flutes 2 clarinets 2 oboes 2 bassoons 2 horns 2 trumpets strings timpani QONFDSN FDNTL Middle period 1802 1815 heroic Much more dramatic and individualistic personal style than early classical era There is also more emotionalismdue to medical conditions making him deaf The eighteenth century was colored by the philosophical movement known as the Enlightenment Frederick the Great of Prussia and Emperor Joseph ll of Austria were both regarded as enlightened monarchs compared to their predecessors because they were both strong supporters of the arts The ideals of the Enlightenment were realized in the New World as the American Revolution culminated in the Declaration of Independence in 1776 Julie Candeille was the female opera singer pianist harpist and composer whose opera Catherine became a hit during the last decade of the 18th century Some musicians began making a living on their own as the century progressed rather than relying on the support of wealthy patrons because the middle class became larger which expanded their audience The most important genres during the classical era were opera symphony string quartet and sonata Music that was designed to be played in smaller rooms is usually known as chamber music


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