Nutrition Exam 2: Study Guide
Nutrition Exam 2: Study Guide NEP 1034 - 01
Popular in Nutrition, Current Concepts and Controversies
Popular in Nutrition and Food Sciences
This 13 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kelly Statter on Wednesday November 4, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to NEP 1034 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Dale Brigham,Jo Britt-Rankin in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 87 views. For similar materials see Nutrition, Current Concepts and Controversies in Nutrition and Food Sciences at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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I'm pretty sure these materials are like the Rosetta Stone of note taking. Thanks Kelly!!!
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Date Created: 11/04/15
Nutrition Exam 2 1 What are vitamins essential nutrients 2 Do vitamins provide energy calories no 3 Which is more likely to be toxic fat soluble or watersoluble vitamins fatsoluble 4 Vitamin A D E and K are what types of vitamins fat soluble 5 What are antioxidants substances that neutralize free radicals 6 What are some examples of antioxidants A C E and betacarotene r7 What are free radicals unstable oxygencontaining molecules that can damage the cells of the body and possibly contribute to the increased risk of chronic diseases 8 What can happen if you have a vitamin A de ciency night blindness 9 What does prolonged vitamin A de ciency lead to xerophthalmia 10 What are the functions of Vitamin E acts as a powerful antioxidant protects cell membranes prevents oxidation of LDL cholesterol 1 1 What are the functions of Vitamin K essential for blood clotting also involved in synthesizing four blood clotting factors 12 Which vitamin is made in the body with the help of UV rays vitamin D 13 Can sun exposure meet everyone s Vitamin D needs no 14 What reduces production of Vitamin D skin pigment melanin and use of sunscreen 1 5 People with dark skin need time in the sun than lightskinned people more time in the sun 1 6 Sunlight intensity during winter in northern latitude is not suf cient to make Vitamin D True or False true 1 r7 What are the function of Vitamin D active form acts as a hormone 18 Which 2 bone minerals does Vitamin D help regulate calcium 8c phosphorus 1 9 How does Vitamin D regulate Ca and P stimulates intestinal absorption of Ca and P to maintain healthy blood levels and build and maintain bones 19 What diseases are caused by Vitamin D de ciency rickets children osteomalacia adult rickets osteoporosis inadequate calcium and vitamin D intake 20 The B and C vitamins are soluble watersoluble 21 B vitamins share common role as help many enzymes produce chemical reactions in cells coenzymes 22 What results from Thiamin B1 de ciency beriberi loss of appetite weight memory confusion 23 What results from a Niacin B3 de ciency pellagra four Ds dermatitis diarrhea dementia death 24 What results from a folate de ciency during pregnancy neural tube birth defects 25 What is intrinsic factor protein made in the stomach 239 What vitamin requires intrinsic factor in order to be absorbed vitamin B 12 28 A type of anemia that results in people who cannot make intrinsic factor pernicious anemia 29 Absorption of b12 with age decreases 30 What can cause B12 de ciency gastric bypass surgery 3 1 Naturally occurring b12 is only found in which types of foods animal foods meat sh poultry 32 Lack of intrinsic factor causes pernicious anemia which involves damage nerve 33 Vitamin C is also known as ascorbic acid 34 Vitamin G acts as a coenzyme essential in order to make collagen 35 is the most abundant protein in the body and is important for healthy bones skin blood vessels and teeth collagen 36 Vitamin C helps absorb iron from plant foods nonheme 339 What would prevent someone from meeting their daily vitamins pregnant women older people strict vegans allergies medical conditions or lowcal diets 38 The average healthy adult is about water 60 39 Muscle is water and fat is water 65 1040 40 Intracellular uids are cells inside 41 What is the interstitial uid bW cells and uid in the blood extracellular uids 42 What are minerals that help maintain uid balance electrolytes 43 Water acts as a solvent in the body as well as a universal transport medium 44 Water is a main component of helps transport nutrients to cells blood oxygen hormones 45 Consuming too much water can cause a condition of too little sodium in the blood caused by overconsumption of water hyponatremia 46 is an electrolyte charged ion in blood and in the uid surrounding cells sodium 439 What is the chief role main function of sodium regulation of uid balance 48 What are the functions of potassium uid balance muscle contraction and nerve impulse conduction lowers high blood pressure 439 What sources of food have potassium fruits and veggies minimum of 397 servings daily will meet potassium needs 48 What is the most abundant mineral in the body calcium bones 86 teeth 49 What are the bene ts of calcium builds strong bones and teeth lowers high blood pressure ghts colon cancer reduces risk of obesity and kidney stones plays a role in muscles nerves and blood 50 When does peak bone mass generally occur twenties 51 When bone loses mass becomes more porous and prone to fractures leading to osteoporosis 52 iron from animal sources is part of hemoglobin and myoglobin and is easily absorbed heme iron 55 iron in plant foods is not as easily absorbed due to phytates and other substances nonheme 54 What increases the absorption of nonheme iron vitamin C and eating meat with vegetables 55 What is the most common de ciency in the world iron 55 is a genetic disorder that can cause iron overload hemochromatosis 5397 Ironde ciency anemia occurs when iron stores depleted and levels decrease hemoglobin 539 What is the function of selenium antioxidant 58 What are food sources of selenium meat seafood cereal grains dairy foods fruits and veggies 59 Selenium de ciency can cause disease Keshan 50 What is the function of uoride protects against dental caries 5 1 Fluoridating drinking water has dental caries in the US reduced 62 What is the function of Chromium helps insulin in your body and increases insulin s effectiveness in cells 63 Iodine de ciency results in Goiter enlarged thyroid gland 64 Alcohol can HDL cholesterol and may make blood platelets less sticky less likely to form blood clots increase 65 Alcohol interferes with and that regulate blood glucose level insulin and glucagon 66 Alcohol increases risk of and increases levels in women osteoporosis estrogen 639 Too much alcohol can interfere with absorption of protein zinc magnesium waterfat soluble vitamins 68 What is the most severe fetal alcohol spectrum disorder FASDs fetal alcohol syndrome fas 639 BMI is a weight to ratio height 68 BMI gt 25 is overweight 69 BMI gt30 is along with a 50100 chance of dying prematurely obese r7O What are some techniques to measuring amount of body fat skinfold thickness measurements bioelectrical impedance dualenergy X ray absorptiometry underwater weighing and air displacement 397 1 What is positive energy balance when one consumes more calories than expend leads to fat storage 86 weight gain 72 What is negative energy balance calorie intake falls short of needs leads to weight loss 3973 Energy Needs Basal Metabolism thermic effect of food physical activities 5070 10 2055 3974 Basal Metabolic Rate BMR minimum energy needed to keep you alive 3975 What has the greatest effect on BMR lean body mass 397 6 The amount of calories expended to digest absorb and process food is Thermic Effect of Food
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