Week 12 Reading Guide
Week 12 Reading Guide ENVD 3114
Popular in History and Theory of ENVD: Buildings
Popular in Environmental Science
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Asia Peters on Wednesday November 4, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ENVD 3114 at University of Colorado taught by Lindsay,Georgia Lucille in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see History and Theory of ENVD: Buildings in Environmental Science at University of Colorado.
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Date Created: 11/04/15
Friday, December 25, y Week 12: Ch. 17: Turn of the Century History of Buildings William Morris (18341896) part of Arts and Crafts movement of 1860s, declared “Art is mankind’s expression of his joy in labor,” lived communally, campaigned for socialism, described co operative alternative to the metropolis in “News from Nowere,” which included gardens and greenfields, little wants or belongings, and the study of arts and enjoyment Ebenezer Howard (18501928) imagined a lowdensity urban pattern for habitation based on linear rail transportation, proposed Garden City, moved in same socialist circles as Morris, and proposed “social city” as a means of controlling urban growth and maintaining human dignity, wrote “Tomorrow, a Peaceful Path to Real Reform (1898) Garden City idea of more efficient land use through selfsufficient network of small cities separated by greenswards for forests and agriculture, society convened in early 20th century in to en lightened cities: Lever Soap Company’s Port Sunlight and Cadbury Chocolate’s Bournville (both built in 1890s) 1 Friday, December 25, y Art Nouveau (end of 19th century) emerged in rebellion to academic approaches in design, from members of Arts and Crafts movement & avantgarde, theories attempted to break cleanly from the past to find a formal language appropriate to modernity, exposed structure, whiplash lines AEG Turbine Hall (Berlin, 1908) by Behrens, who sought a coherent industrial aesthetic derived from essentials, often described as the temple of industry, immense open interior lined with tapering steel girders tied to pin joints at the bases, parallel tracks ran length of hall to carry mobile gantry, central bay of steel, concept: beehive 2 Friday, December 25, y Larkin Building (Buffalo, 1904) Larkin Company Administration Building, Wright’s first large scale work, had direct connection to Craftsman magazine by Gustav Stickley, revolutionized the office type, non oppressive work environment with rich cultural stimuli, circulation and bathrooms in the corner towers (like medieval fortresses), offices in side wings had parapets overlooking central atrium, organ, influenced many practices of today: openplan office, built in file cabinets, radiant floor heating, airconditioning, steel furniture, and wallhung toilets Robie House (Hyde Park, Chicago, 19061909) Frank Llyod Wright, done in Prarie Style, characterized by horizontal volumes and low pitched roofs with deep eaves, on a platform and sheltered with inordinately wide projecting eaves to protect it from the street, “light screens” instead of windows, central social space, asymmetrical 3 Friday, December 25, y Metro station (Paris, 1900) Art Nouveau, exposed metal structure, botanic imagery Casa Mila (Barcelona, 1905) Gaudi, 8 apartments, no right angles, undulating surface, stone exterior, no two rooms with same shape, like a clif with caves, anthropomorphic chimneys, balustrades 4
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