Mid-Term Study Guide
Mid-Term Study Guide 1000
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sheridan Gill on Wednesday November 4, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 1000 at University of Colorado taught by Gangadharbatla,Harsh in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 82 views. For similar materials see Idea Industries in Aerospace Engineering at University of Colorado.
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Date Created: 11/04/15
lournalism MidTerm Study Guide Know journalism39s rst obligation and rst loyalty According to the Elements textbook First obligation Truth First Loyalty Citizens Know who Walter Lippmann was and what his theories and criticisms ofjournalism were Said quotCitizens are like theatergoers who arrive in the middle of the third act and leave before the rst curtain staying just long enough to decide who is the hero and who is the villainquot Understand39s journalism39s relationship with American democracy In other words democracy is something other people do for us because we re too stupid to do it for ourselves All we have to do is vote If that Know what rights are protected by the First Amendment and how it protects Freedom of the Press Freedom of Speech Freedom of Religion Freedom of Assembly Freedom to protest and petition the government for redress Freedom of the Press Know what forms of speech and journalism are protected by the First Amendment and in what circumstances press freedom or freedom of speech can be restricted Freedom of speech Freedom of religion Freedom of assembly Freedom to protest and petition the government for redress Freedom of the press Why freedom of press English common law held that criticism of the government was a crime Thomas Jefferson quotNo government ought to be without censorsquot A free press serves this role Understand what quotprior restraintquot is and the Supreme Court rulings involving it This is the term for when the government tries to preemptively prevent a journalist from publishing a story NY Times vs United States court case used this Know what natural or inalienable rights are Rights that are considered to be universal are also described as quotnaturalquot or this Know the beliefs of the founding fathers like Thomas Jefferson and James Madison about quotthe power of reasonquot James Madison quotI believe there are more instances of the abridgment of freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments by those in power than by violent and sudden usurpationsquot Both of them did this Eschewed superstition and intolerance Believed in power of reason search for the truth perfectibility of humanity Saw debate discovery and questioning of authority as indispensable to human progress Know the Pentagon Papers and NSA spying cases Pentagon Papers Secret documents containing information about the Vietnam War Know the key legal cases dealing with freedom of the press and the rst amendment including Times vs Sullivan and West Virginia Board of Education vs Barnette and Citizens United vs the Federal Elections Commission FCC vs Citizens United This important Supreme Court Case is criticized because it may have given corporations a greater right to in uence public affairs due to their ability to spend large sums of money on political advertisements Sullivan vs NY times A group takes out ad in NYT advocating for civil rights city commissioner in Montgomery Alabama claims minor factual errors have libeled him Supreme Court threw out Sullivan39s case West Virginia State Bd Of Ed Vs Barnette 1940 s W Virginia law required students and teachers to salute the flag and recite the Pledge of Allegiance Students who failed to comply were expelled Denied readmission until they complied Exposed children and parents to criminal prosecution The state cannot compel speech Understand the theory of the quotInterlocking Publicquot According to this theory there are three types of publics lnvolved public interested public and uninterested public Understand liable slander and defamation Understand how different types of media print broadcast web are regulated differently by the US government and why Know the difference between quotfunctional truthquot and quotabsolute truthquot and how journalism relaters to both of them This is the kind of truth that journalists seek to obtain when reporting the news which is not absolute but allows the journalist to move forward and take action Understand the interaction of the public newsmakers and journalists that make up the process of arriving at journalistic truth Understand spheres of consensus controversy and deviancy and how news topics change in relationship to them Know quotYellow journalismquot and the media gures who wereare most closely associated with it William Hearst and this man are the two most famous journalists known for the type ofjournalism known as Yellow journalism Know the difference between quotinformationquot and quotnewsquot according to our Principles textbook quotnewsquot is a speci c kind of information more useful to citizens than raw information Understand the six key news values that make a story newsworthy lmpact proximity timeliness prominence con ict novelty deviancy Know how quotaudience interestquot and quotcurrencyquot in uence news judgements Know the quotspheres of deviancequot model Mother and Apple Pie Know who Ed Snowden Laura Poitras Glenn Greenwald james Risen Stephen Glass jayson Blair johan Lehrer arewere Laura Poitras is the journalist who rst reported on the documents leaked by Edward Snowden and later made the documentary quotCitizen Fourquot Ed Snowden is the man who is responsible for leaking documents to WikiLeaks Glenn Greenwald is James Risen is Stephen Glass is Jayson Blair is Johan Lehrer is Example Test Questions I What is the Bill of Rights The First Amendment is part of this portion of the Constitution of the US What is the Supreme Court This is the body of government that hears cases to decide if they are in violation of the First Amendment What is the right of the people to peaceably assemble This along with protections of the freedoms of religion speech press and the right to petition the government for a redress of grievances is one of the pain protections granted by the rst amendment What is Freedom of Speech This was the grounds on which the Supreme Court rules that the government cannot force someone to salute the ag in a pubHcschooL What is the Federal Communications Commission This organization oversees broadcasts and can limit what is able to be shown over public airwaves What is Truth Journalism39s rst obligation is to this What is selfgoverning The primary purpose ofjournalism is to provide citizens with the information they need to be free and this Who are citizens Journalists First Loyalty is to citizens even if at times they need to write things that make them angry or upset What is balance Although not the case this concept is often interpreted as giving equal weight to all parties in an issue What is deviance An event that is considered newsworthy because it is outside of the social norm is said to meet this criteria of what makes something newsworthy What is defamation The general term for an untruth that harm39s someone39s reputation What is slander This is the term used when someone verbally says something that they know is untrue in order to deliberatey ruin someone39s reputation What is libel Ajournalist who writes that a politician is corrupt knowing that this is not true is guilty of this crime What is functional truth This is the kind of truth that journalists seek to obtain when reporting the news which is not absolute but allows the journalist to move forward and take action What is the public The process of arriving at journalistic truth involves an interaction between three groups newsmakers journalists and this group Who is john Dewey This gure felt that the press could help strengthen democracy by lling in gaps in the Public39s understanding of issues Who is Walter Lippman This gure felt that the public was ignorant which made democracy fundamentally awed Who is Edward Snowden This is the man who is responsible for leaking documents to WikiLeaks Who is Pulitzer William Hearst and this man are the two most famous journalists known for the type ofjournalism known as Yellow journalism Who is Laura Poitras This is the journalist who rst reported on the documents leaked by Edward Snowden and later made the documentary quotCitizen Fourquot What is Citizens United vs Federal Election Commission This important Supreme Court Case has been criticized that it may give corporations a greater right to in uene public affairs due to their ability to spend large sums of money on political advertisements What is prior restraint This is the term for when the government tries to preemptively prevent a journalist from publishing a story What are the pentagon papers These were secret government documents that contained information about the Vietnam War What is novelty These elements that make something newsworthy are impact proximity timeliness prominence con ict reader interest deviancy and this What is obscenity This is the form of speech that is not protected by the rst amendment enforced by the FCC that it was the reason why NBC was ned for the 2004 Superbowl Halftime show Who is james Madison This is the man who wrote the First Amendment What is quotinalienablequot Rights that are considered to be universal are also described as quotnaturalquot or this What is broadcast This is the type of media outlet that is strictly regulated by the FCC because it is believed to be a public resource What is reason Coming out of the Enlightenment a strong belief in the power of was held by the Founding Fathers What is the theory of interlocking publics According to this theory there are three types of publics Involved public interested public and uninterested public What is actual malice In the supreme court case Sullivan vs NY Times a city commissioner in Alabama claimed that minor factual errors in an advertisement in the newspaper against the commissioner saying that a public of cial seeking libel damages must prove that a false statement was made with this
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