Historical Development of Nursing Science
Historical Development of Nursing Science nurs
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Date Created: 11/04/15
Running head HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF NURSING SCIENCE Historical Development of Nursing Science Octavia Buckhanon NUR5 13 HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF NURSING SCIENCE 2 October 14 2013 Professor Historical Development of Nursing Science The development of nursing as a profession had demonstrated that it is both an art and science Previous to the 19th century the armed forces and spiritual orders are the people who carry out the tasks of how nurses operate today Several occurrences throughout history such as wars and outbreaks had formed nursing to its current association Currently nursing is approaching more towards the future in developing itself as an occupation for improved care and service to the public The purpose for this essay is to describe the timeline of the historical development of nursing science the relationship between nursing science and the profession and the in uences nursing science has on different disciplines HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF NURSING SCIENCE 3 Nursing as a logical discipline established its initial important in uence during the Crimean War in 1853 Rosenberg 1992 Florence Nightingale believed to be the creator of nursing produced the first ideal on nursing science Her theory became the original foundation and basis in nursing Her major objective is on altering the setting to assist care nourishment and recovery Her thoughts recommended that nursing is about not only providing medicines and about healing but environmental issue are also very important in completely in uencing one s health condition In 1952 Hildegard Peplau eXplained the nurse patient connection Tamra et al 2011 Her main beliefs focused a great deal on the interpersonal relations among the healthcare giver and the patient The nurse patient relationship had turned out to be a significant feature of nursing science as people know today Healing communication is a vital means that nurses use to spread kindness and concern to their patients In 1955 Virginia Henderson devised the 14 essential needs of a whole individual Abrams 2007 Her theory centers on the patients physiological psychological socio cultural and religious and growth needs Her thoughts recur in having the nurse and the patient act on these needs for enhancing health situation In the nursing occupation evaluation is very significant for the plan of care The accomplishment of people s involvements would really depend on how considerable their involvement to their patient Henderson s 14 essential needs would be an excellent suggestion in evaluating a patient s needs for treatment Ms Dorothea Orem was one of the mainly well known nursing public figures that ourished in advancing the principles of nursing through self care deficit theory in 1971 HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF NURSING SCIENCE 4 Schultz Writsel 2006 The major purpose of care is the personality and thus providing every need that turn around it to achieve self care Orem s creation had become so important nowadays that her Assessment for Care Evaluation technique is the normal for appraising health circumstances Betty Neuman initiated her technique ideal in 1972 which challenges holistic outlook of patients One of its major thoughts is anXiety reduction in enhancing the wellness of the person Neuman 1982 Nurses distinguish and believe the responsibility of stress in the healing of their patients Neuman also established the amount of obstacles that people use today They are the fundamental parts of current nursing procedure In 1978 Madeleine Leininger invented the transcultural nursing development in education study and practice Wiggin 2012 She believed that human care changes and depends in conditions of supporting socio cultural and spiritual aspects This began the attention of healthcare contributors in executing a more perceptive means of nursing depending on the educational conditions of the patient In 1979 Sister Calista Roy established the adaptation theory of nursing Keen 2011 She emphasized that an individual is a bio psychosocial person who is in a regular communication with their needs Therefore adjustment is necessary in nurturing care for one s wellbeing and wellness Meeting essential physiological requirements acquiring an optimistic self concept executing social responsibilities and accomplishing a sense of balance between reliance and self determination are essential aspects of this theory of care In this model values of psychology are important in the implementation of treatment and nursing involvement HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF NURSING SCIENCE 5 In 1989 Patricia Benner and Judith Rubbel established one of the widely used current nursing models They re ected on the dominance of treatment in nursing science This standard extends from the viewpoint of a nurse whose job is to be concerned It is very significant that it would be natural to nurses to become considerate people When nurses care normally for the atmosphere relatives and associates this character and sympathy is practiced every time they care for and work with their patients Working as a nurse is a profession that is established on nursing science which is an amount of intelligence that is acquired through a creation of models These models direct investigation and observation with the purpose to encourage patients health Nursing science has excellent affects on disciplines It plays an important part in satisfying their personal reasons When nursing science is related to psychology the psychologist makes sure that their patients are given the suitable treatment Many nursing models centers on patient needs therefore psychology executes the same guidelines The use of healing communication is necessary to disciplines in implementing plans of treatment Nurses must be pleased with the nursing history Even though there have been several difficulties these actions have constructed the nursing science to become steady and tough throughout its establishment These models will go on to direct nurse to become knowledgeable in talent and comprehension as they accomplish their job as healthcare givers References HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF NURSING SCIENCE 6 Abrams Sarah E 2007 Nursing the Community a Look Back at the 1984 Dialogue between Virginia A Henderson and Sherry L Shamansky Public Health Nursing Retrieved October 14 2013 from httpwwwasrnorg Courey Tamra J Martsolf Donna S Draucker Claire B and Strickland Karen B 2011 Hildegard Peplau s Theory and the Healthcare Encounters of Survivors of Sexual Violence US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health Retrieved October 13 2013 from httpwwwncbinlmnih gov Keen Emily 2011 Research Based on the Roy Adaptation Model Last 25 Years Nursing Science Quarterly 244 312 320 Retrieved October 13 2013 from httpwwwbcedu Nelson Martha A 2002 Education for Professional Nursing Practice Looking Backward into the Future The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing Retrieved October 14 2013 from httpwwwnursingworldorg Neuman B 1982 The Neuman health care systems model A total approach to client care In B Neuman Ed The Neuman systems model Application to nursing education and practice pp 8 29 Norwalk CT Appleton Century Crofts Retrieved October 13 2013 from httpwwwstritchedu Rosenberg Charles E 1992 Historical Views of Diseases and Epidemics Harvard University Library Open Collections Program Retrieved October 13 2013 from httpwwwharvardedu HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF NURSING SCIENCE Schultz Writsel Lynn 2006 Archives to Maintain Personal Papers of Dorothea Orem John Hopkins Nursing Magazine Retrieved October 14 2013 from httpwwwnursingjhuedu Wiggin Ashley 2012 Remembering Madeleine Leininger leader in transcultural nursing and former dean of the UW School of Nursing School of Nursing University of Washington Retrieved October 14 2013 from httpwwwuwedu
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