Cheat Sheet SDC 100
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Popular in Architecture
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Gisselle Fernandez on Thursday November 5, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SDC 100 at Washington State University taught by Alexander Wolfe in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see World of Design and Construction in Architecture at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 11/05/15
Landscape Architecture is a licensed profession that requires passing the LARE Landscape Architecture Registration Exam Landscape Architects practice in Private landscape architecture design rms engineering companies with architects with planning consultants in environmental management companies with public agencies including urban municipalities local and regional parks departments various environmental agencies the National Park Service US Forest Service and the Army Corps of Engineers Landscape Architects design all sorts of places City state or federal parks Public amp private gardens and arboretums Waterfront and greenways Community development plans Urban Centers Streetscapes and neighborhoods Resorts Corporate Facilities Universitycollege campuses Nature preserves amp Zoos Landscape Architects are involved in many things 0 Sustainable urban development 0 Ecological planning and restoration 0 Community planning partnerships 0 Environmental advocacy 0 Landscape preservation 0 Resource managementconservation o Farmland protection 0 Food production community gardening 0 Water conservation 0 Green infrastructure storrnwater mngt Landscape Architecture projects involve 0 Programming 0 Creating a schematic design 0 Design development 0 Creating construction documents 0 Bidding and hiring a contractor 0 Construction administration 0 Time And often the process is nonlinear Any LA project though requires Interior Design quotPeople ignore design that ignores peoplequot Frank Chimero Learning Targets Examine the idea of licensure Be familiar with key interior design organizations and their roles Examine types of practices in interior design and distinguishing features of practice Examine the typical design process Planning Programming Schematic Design Design Development Construction Documents Contract Administration and Post Occupancy Evolution Phases Licensure HOT TOPIC The unquali ed versus the quali ed designer State Quali ed interior Designer Title Act amp Practice Act UNQUALIFIED vs QUALIFIED The top three quali cations of a professional interior designers Education Experience amp Examination NCIDQ Certi cate PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS American Society of Interior Designers Interior Design Educators Council INC International Interior Design Association Interior Designers of Canada NCIDQ EXAMINATION Council for Interior Design AccreditationCIDA CIDA accredited programs assure the public that interior design education prepares students to be responsible wellinformed skilled professionals who make beautiful safe and comfortable spaces that also respect the earth and its resources TYPOLOGIES PRACTICES AampD Firm Giants GENSLER quotLeveraging the power of design to create a better worldquot Example Top of the charts Gensler39s Alexander Hotel AampD Firm Midsize FORRESTPERKINS YABU PUSHELBERG STUDIOS Toronto New York Hotels Retail Hospitality and Products quotA collaborative practice that forges clearly articulated meaningful ideas with innovations purpose youth and experience quot JULIE WAIT DESIGNS Inc Rogers AR Commercial Residential quotFunction as the foremost requirement for any projectquot eFusion 2 LLC Small Residential TYPICAL DESIGN PROCESS Step 1 Planning preliminary work often some of it is carried out by the client All code issues are veri ed All design documents needed to clarify design concept are created such as partition electrical lighting re ected ceiling nish furniture accessory systems furniture s panel and component plans Approval for the nal design should be given by the client in writing pending any changes or modi cations requested after the presentation Step 5 Construction Documentation provide drawings and speci cation of all materials and construction methods for the contractor to use in building or renovating the facility occurs after the client agrees with the design solution Drawings and speci cations provided to the contractor describe how the subcontractors are to approach the project on a trade by trade basis Required permits and approvals are obtained Bid documents are prepared and distributed Level of quality and work standards are identi ed in the construction documents Finely tuned coordination between all professionals involved in the design and engineering aspects of the project to avoid discrepancies or contradictions within the documents Final consultant reports and documents are submitted Contractors are selected after bidding is completed and scheduling starts for the work Copies of these detailed blueprints and speci cation books should be provided by the design professional to the contractor for use in the construction of the project Step 6 Contract Administration actual buildout and installation of all building systems and furnishings Includes overseeing the estimating and bidding of the construction work coordinating scheduling with the contractor arranging for the purchase of furniture and xtures coordinating with the contractor to install any xtures provided by the ownerand overseeing the construction progress Designer does not supervise the construction but rather monitors the o LISTENING o UNDERSTANDING A SPACE Aka site inventory analysis Site inventory and analysis involve deep study of the site Observation and documentation of a site39s physical features sensory experiences ecologies and histories the visible and invisible are all critical parts of an inventory An understanding of how everything works together of opportunities and constraints of how the whole is greater than the sum of the parts become the broad basis for analysis 0 Microhabitats and big systems the mini and the mega 0 Land uses of the recent past 0 Patterns amp networks in and outside of the site boundaries 0 Features above amp below ground 0 Soil 0 Vegetation and plant communities 0 Hydrological conditions 0 Weather and climate 0 All that is special about the site 0 People and place Site inventory and analysis happens throughout the design process Julie Cassata Landscape Designer SVR Design Company Seattle Washington Projects 1 High Point Neighborhood Redevelopment 2 Thornton Creek Water Quality Channel 3 Winslow Way Streetscape 4 Beacon Mountain 5 Performance Landscape Steve Austin Variety of Landscape Architecture Working with community Yukoen on Elkhorn Main and Rose Plaza Townley Center Village on the green Marshall Field Park Green River Regional Park Georgetown KY World Equestrian Games Isaac Murphy Memorial Art Garden Lexington KY 10 Spiral Jetty Great Salt Lake Utah 00OU1IgtUJt A May be conducted 39inhouse39 before designer is involved Client group de nes the goals of the project and the 39scope of work39 Issues such as preliminary budget allocations types of work reason for work and location of the project are discussed and decisions are made Step 2 Programming data collection if suf cient and appropriate information is gathered during this stage the following phases of the project will require much less effort and will meet the clientss needs more effectively Speci c information about client needs and wants is gathered Site conditions are checked existing oor plans are reviewed need for consultants is analyzed codes are researched Listings of existing FFampE is gathered Information regarding the preliminary budget and schedule of the project will be identi ed and shared by the client Designer will engage in fact nding conversations with members of the client group to determine functions of spaces expectations spatial usage licensing requirements site requirements and other pertinent information Fact nding may take many forms interview group meetings observations surveys photo documentation Step 3 Schematic or Preliminary Design Spatial evaluation and analysis based on the information gathered in the programming phase Programming summaries are created to organize and synthesize the information gathered in the previous stage Problem statement is written expressing the designer39s understanding of the intent of the project and overall direction of the design Concepts are formulated to guide the decisionmaking throughout the remainder of the design process Conceptual sketches are created in quantity Initial meetings with consultants take place Designer produces an activity analysis adjacency matrix bubble diagrams zoning diagrams block diagrams preliminary plans etc which show the relationships of spaces in a preliminary format Space Planning More exploration better final solution Step 4 Design Developmentthe nal design phase includes a presentation of the nal recommendations to the client for approval Re ned design and accompanying presentation produced using modi cations determined after the review of the schematic design Designer begins to provide details for the design calculate budget estimates specify nishes and mmishings and con rm compliance with legislation zoning codes and licensing requirements progress and ensures that the project is built to the specifications outlined in the contract documents Owner may also include responsibilities within the contract administration such as coordinating the furniture installation placement of accessories artwork and freestanding lighting and overseeing move in details Purchase orders invoices and payments are made as FFampE is ordered and contractors start and complete their work To ensure a clear understanding of the contract administration responsibilities discuss expectations with the client early in the project and have a written agreement so there will be no discrepancy when the administration of the construction contract begins Regular site inspections are made and corrections negotiated as needed and Final walk thought with client takes place Step 7 Post Occupancy Evaluation takes place after the move in to ensure the job was completed as the client expected and the client is satis ed Many different styles of post occupancy evaluation may be a discussion with the owner interviews with the endusers of the space or written surveys to the occupants to acquire responses to speci c questions Can be a learning experience for the design professional who can gather information for future projects by learning what works for the client and what should be modi ed in future work Architecture OMA 19992004 1692 million Rem Koolhaas Facts figures and the profession of Architecture 0 Licensure is the highest form of professional regulation and all fty states require an individual to be licensed in order to call him or herself an architect An architecture school professor who used the phrase quotas an architect Iquot in a newspaper article she wrote received a cease and desist order no penalty lowal997 Each state establishes its own professional standards for architect licenses and architecture registration boards in all fty states the District of Columbia and four US Territories require that candidates satisfy those standards for education training and examination 11 Legacy Trail Presentation formats may vary and can include nish boards sketches renderings computer generated drawings models and audiovisual components
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