PSY 300 Week 3 Learning Team Assignment Sensation Perception and Attention Paper
PSY 300 Week 3 Learning Team Assignment Sensation Perception and Attention Paper
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Date Created: 11/06/15
Sensation Perception and Attention Team A PSY 300 Sensation Perception and Attention The process in which sense organs gather information about the environment and transmits it to the brain is known as sensation Kowalski amp Western 2005 Once the brain has conducted the initial processing it performs the process of organizing and interpreting the sensations known as perception Kowalski amp Western 2005 Sensation and perception differ from person to person A person whom is color blind has a different sensory world than a person whom is not A person whom is depressed has a different perceptual world than a person whom is not depressed Attention or mental focus is an essential tool to possess The ability to focus mentally on the subject at hand will increase the likelihood of succeeding When a person has to divide his or her attention distractions come into play and his or her focus is broken The goal of succeeding suffers Impact of Divided Attention on Learning Most people define the dividing of attention or multitasking as doing two or more things at the same time Dzubak 2007 p 2 However the distinction must be made that what people commonly refer to as multitasking is more accurately defined as sequential task engagement that involves performing of multiple tasks in a sequential and rapid manner Dzubak 2007 p 2 This dividing of attention can have immense impact on learning capabilities because of the likelihood of reduced ability for the brain effectively to encode and subsequently transfer information from the shortterm STM to longterm memory LTM The process of encoding which allows information to be retrievable from memory becomes hindered when attention is divided Kowalski amp Western 2005 p 210 The process of learning is dependent upon new information being able to first be encoded prior to arriving in the STM where rehearsal allows transfer into the LTM Once information is stored in the LTM the information can be retrieved via recall or recognition Kowalski amp Western 2005 Researches on the effect of multitasking on learning suggest the rapid switching of attention and focus that takes place during sequential task Engagement results in lowered ability to transfer information effectively into the LTM as the brain struggles to effectively perform two competing tasks at the same time Dzubak 2007 p 7 As the STM has a limited capacity this struggle when too many sensory stimuli are presented simultaneously lends further merit to a connection between performance decrement and divided attention Whereas active distractions may generally impede learning there appears to be exception for those individuals with extensive practice in attention switching In these cases research shows the repetition of multitasking or dividing attention over time may account for differences in one s ability to effectively process new information into the LTM Under circumstances that most commonly create a hindrance in learning capacity for those without this extensive practice in dividing attention Dzubak 2007 Dividing Attention and Team Member Learning Capacity In comparing research results and individual results of team members participating in this assignment the team member responses provide further evidence supporting the propensity for divided attention to negatively impact the individual s ability to effectively transfer information to longterm memory In addition this comparison suggests the impact of divided attention on learning although generally resulting in probable decline in memory processing may in fact be dependent upon each individual s level of familiarity with multitasking The majority of team member s maintain similar thoughts that when doing something for school or something that requires us to absorb what was previously unfamiliar information the division of focus and attention tend to result in diminished ability to perform optimally Although this was the consensus for the group majority the impact of the additional stimuli presented was suggested to be dependent upon the priority level of each stimulus Just as research provides an exception to the general rule suggesting divided attention almost always results in diminished learning of new information proof of this exception was present among the team participants Within the team one member shared her acquired ability to effectively multitask during discussion Furthermore this team member views this ability as a gift that allows for the division of attention between tasks with minimal if any effect on her learning ability Sensory Perception Problems Sensation and perception refers to the process in which our sense organs gather information from the environment and sends this sensation to the brain for processing Once this information is received in the brain for processing the brain takes and interprets these sensations How a person interprets these sensations differs from one to another Hearing is one sense that one deals with daily When working in an online environment one needs to be more aware of his or her thresholds to succeed One needs to be more conscious of what he or she needs to do to provide an environment to learn in When one finds noise to be distracting then he or she needs to make sure they set up an area that will provide the quiet time Kowalski and Western 2005 inform us that the pitch of the human voice ranges from 100Hz to 3500Hz and further that these levels are most sensitive to the human ear Another challenge of being in an online classroom communication usually happens on a delay When an issue arrives and someone posts a concern in the forum it can be misinterpreted leading to con ict and confusion among others So when one is posting a concern he or she must be aware that words can be read different ways by different people For example when someone uses all caps to draw attention to a specific subject one can easily mistake this as yelling A much better method to use would be highlighting the important information or concern so others can see it right away Concerning the additional senses of taste smell and touch these senses do not in uence the online learning experience No laboratory exists for the online learner in which one dissects a frog touch to learn the parts of the frogs anatomy The online learner will not encounter smells except for those already found in the person s everyday life but others cannot experience these smells Some may find the aroma of lavender helps them relax so he or she may burn a lavender scented candle while studying to help him or her stay calm to process the information they are reading Dichotic Listening Dichotic listening sometimes commonly referred to as the cocktail party phenomenon is a person s ability to hear multiple things at once without confusing him or her Anyone who has ever been in a crowded place or had two people talking to him or her at once knows the challenges of receiving stimuli from multiple sources at once However people also have a remarkable ability to adjust to their surroundings enabling them to tune out noise from their environment to focus on a specific person or thing As a team we each spoke of our abilities to function in this type of environment and compared our experiences with dichotic listening Recommendations for Team Meetings Sensation perception and auditory factors play a crucial role while conducting online classes The environment and personalities are not always conducive to the online requirements Interpretation of tone and body language is difficult when we are not communicating faceto face Every form of communication we use with the exception of phone calls is conducted on the computer Instant messaging forums and emails are tools we use to learn and communicate These tools leave a great deal of room for misinterpretation Reference Dzubak CM 2007 Multitasking The good the bad and the unknown The Association for the Tutoring Profession Retrieved October 23 2010 from httpatpjsueduSynergy lSyn a6htm Kowalski R amp Western D 2005Psyehology 4th ed Hoboken NJ Wiley attention serial online ndAvailable from XRefer XML Ipswich MA Accessed October 23 2010 Sensation and perceptionPsych0l0gical Bulletin serial online January 1922191919 Available from PsycARTICLES Ipswich MA Accessed October 23 2010 Hopkins B Kalverboer A PERCEPTION AND COGNITIONJournal of Child Psychology amp Psychiatry amp Allied Disciplines serial online January l9832413738 Available from Academic Search Complete Ipswich MA Accessed October 23 2010
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