SOC120- Assignment WK2
SOC120- Assignment WK2
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by kimwood Notetaker on Friday November 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 17 views.
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Date Created: 11/06/15
Running Head RELATIVISM Relativism and Morality Jennifer Robinson SOC 120 Instructor Erin Schouten May 20 2013 RELATIVISM Relativism and Morality We are taught the difference between what is right and what is wrong at a young age by our parents or guardians What is classified as right or wrong can differ between cultures races ethnic identities and by social class We all have a sense of what is morally right and the relativity of it There are specific traits and beliefs that are distinctive to every culture race and social classes due mostly impart to the differences we have in what we consider to be morally right The idea of universal morals shows that through our cultural differences there is still a connection to the moral beliefs that we share and shows that cultures are more alike than admit There are some beliefs and customs that are considered morally justified in some cultures but in another they are considered to be morally wrong In his article Goodman gives solid examples of how something that is considered to be morally right in one cultural would be wrong in another Some of the topics that Goodman touches on are genocide hostage taking slavery polygamy rape and female genital cutting 2010 Goodman argues that there are certain acts that are without a doubt considered to be wrong While I do agree with his theory that acts such as incest slavery and rape just to name a few are wrong there are factors that should be considered before an act is considered morally just or unjust Relativism is one of the ways that certain acts can be viewed be other cultures without completely ruling the acts as right or wrong Relativism is the idea that one s beliefs and values are understood in terms of one s society culture or even one s own individual values Mosser 2010 Therefore by relativism acts like polygamy female castration terrorism and infanticide are example of acts that are considered RELATIVISM 3 wrong for most Americans but in the cultures that practice these acts they see nothing wrong with them Relativism and Morality Many people find relativism extremely attractive After all determining what is right and wrong is frequently very difficult It may also be difficult to defend rather than just assert that a given culture s usually one s own values are the correct ones and that those values that are different are somehow wrong Relativism also seems to decrease the kinds of con icts that arise over such issues Mosser 2010 Mosser puts into a clear prospective of how relativism and morality can work together to better understand a culture outside of our own I do not think that there are universal moral requirements that every culture race and even social class can agree on I believe that taking another human beings life is wrong yet I still support our troops and all that they do to keep our country safe Goodman states all living beings make claims to life and murder is wrong because it destroys a life yet warfare is not always wrong because it may be necessary to protect life 2010 Relativism does provide a spectrum to view the world and cultural issues through there are still problems that can arise Difficulties arise for relativism when we consider the fact that few people come from a single specifiable culture There may be general notions that guide one s society but one may also consider oneself part of many different groups each of which can inform one s moral values Relativism seems fairly clear until we start trying to decide what provides our moral sense You have a given country language gender religion or lack of religion race ethnicity class and so on but does only one of these determine your values Mosser 2010 Another RELATIVISM 4 issue that arises with relativism is that is an easy way out of dealing with ethical dilemmas and accepting practices that we feel are wrong In addition it may be difficult for a society to see and understand that it might be doing something that is immoral if questions of morality cannot be raised within one39s society Relativism and Morality While the argument brought forth in Goodman s article are all true and he makes very valid points there are some beliefs and customs that are considered morally justified in some cultures but in another they are considered to be morally wrong Relativisms aims to show that no one specific culture is right or wrong for doing things the way that they do and that is the mode that I follow From my own cultural stand point there are certain acts that I would be against if they we to be implemented on American society but I understand the culture who practice those acts and cannot fault those people that have been raise in that way of life As for my personal opinion as to whether we will get to the point of universal moral requirements I do not think we will all be on one accord anytime soon for the simple fact that each culture race social class and ethnicity have their own way of dealing with specific moral issues RELATIVISM 5 References Goodman L E 2010 Some Moral Minima The Good Society 191 8794 Mosser K 2010 Ethics and Social Responsibility San Diego CA Bridgepoint Education Inc
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