SOC120- Assignment WK5
SOC120- Assignment WK5
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Date Created: 11/06/15
Running Head HEALTH CARE Health Care Right or Privilege Jennifer Robinson SOC 120 Instructor Erin Schouten June 10 2013 HEALTH CARE 2 Health Care Right or Privilege Health care and our right as citizens to have it free of charge is one of the major ethical issues that is affecting our nation Once a model for the rest of the world of what a health care system should be the United States currently has one of the least effective health care systems amongst the industrialized nations Despite the US being a cornerstone of major medical research and having the best trained health care professionals our nation is lagging when it comes to our health care system which is ranked 37th out of 191 countries according to performance Christopher 2010 There are many ethical issues that can be resolved by making health care a right to all citizens While there are programs in effect such as Medicaid and Medicare most of America s uninsured population does not qualify to receive these services Some would argue that making health care free to all US citizens would mean having to pay higher taxes but it should be the right of the people of this country The utilitarianism theory determines that we look at the issue of universal health care in the terms of the results it could produce and if those results can produce the greatest good for the greatest number of people The utilitarianism theory is closest to my own views on health care and whether it should be a right of the people of this country We should be able to decide whether or not a free of charge health care system would work for us as individuals Making health care a right to all and not a privilege to a few would remedy people waiting until symptoms are at their worst to seek medical attention allow people with preexisting conditions to receive affordable health care and a range of other issues that stem from over 45 million US residents being uninsured Messerli nd which would do the greatest amount of good for the larger amount of people HEALTH CARE One argument that is common amongst the many opponents of universal health care is that if the United States does decide to join with the rest of the industrialized nation and Health Care Right or Privilege implement universal health care the American citizen will have to pay higher tax rates The money to pay for health professionals medicines and facilities has to come from somewhere is one of the main arguments that people who feel like free health care is a privilege use to explain why they feel that way If consumers do not pay for these services directly they will pay indirectly through higher taxes Thornton 2009 Those who are against the US implementing a universal health care system feel that there would be a significant increase and spending cuts on things such as education defense goods and service etc One of the things that they neglect to factor in is that with our current health care system 24 percent of what citizen pay for their health insurance is put towards the billing process marketing and administrative services rather than to clinical services This view is most consistent with the ethical egoism theory which can be summed up by calling it the theory of self The person who makes this statement is only thinking about the effect that this will have on them instead of think of the effect that not have a free health care system in place is having on our nation While being an uninsured US citizen does not mean that you cannot receive medical treatment with laws in effect such as the Emergency Medical Treatment Act and the many health clinics that offer free or reduced services most Americans wait until their symptoms are severe before they seek counsel from a medical professional A recent article from ABCNEWScom by Gary Langer 2012 reports that among uninsured people nearly 49 percent say that they or someone in their family has put off medical treatment in the last year HEALTH CARE 4 because of the cost Making health care a right would prevent people from waiting until they are in a lifethreatening situation to seek medical attention because health care coverage would be offered to all citizens Offering US citizens free of charge medical care would lead to people Health Care Right or Privilege being diagnosed and treated for cancer heart disease and other life threatening illnesses that can be fatal if not caught in the early stages The Institute of Medicine estimates that at least 18000 Americans die prematurely each year solely because they lack health coverage 2005 Most Americans are offered some form of health care covering through their employer but with the rising cost of health care some employers will not be able to offer the coverage The United States has currently put into effect a health care program that is filling the void of a lack of a universal health care system with the proposal and implementation of the Affordable Care Act Obama Care by the Obama administration For much of last year polls showed that many Americans were opposed to the law 46 percent of people said they wanted it repealed However after the Nov 6 presidential election only about a third of Americans wanted the Affordable Care Act overturned Among the reasons for the turnaround may be that Americans are benefiting from the provisions already in effect Millions of young adults now have health coverage children with preexisting conditions cannot be barred from coverage and many insured women do not have copays for prescription birth control McGill 2013 While the ACA is remedying some of the underlying issues with the United States health care system there is still a void that can only be filled by making health care a right to all citizens Most Americans are offered some form of health care covering through their employer but with the rising cost of health care some employers will not be able to offer the coverage HEALTH CARE 5 Smaller businesses can be viewed through ethical egoism because they are experiencing personal gain whether intentional or unintentional by not providing their workers with health benefits It is understandable that health care has become increasingly unaffordable for businesses just like is has for individuals Businesses may decide Health Care Right or Privilege to cover employee health insurance premiums they only have a certain amount that they can spend on labor which in turn means that they have less money to spend on raises new hires and so fourth The same is true for individuals the more you pay for your insurance premium the less money you will have for food rent and goods and services Joe Messerli nd points out that businesses and individuals that choose to keep their health plans still must pay a much higher cost in the long run The amount that is spent on health care prevents the country from making a full economic recovery With business and individuals having less money to pump back into the economy a government run healthcare system would go a long way in helping to revive our economy Not only is the current health care system having an adverse effect on American families who own and operate small businesses it is also affecting the multimillion dollar corporations are all so seeing the drawbacks of the current health care system Think about it if GM Chrysler and Ford moved all their operations to Canada what would happen to the families of the American citizen who work there In 2007 General Motors spent 46 billion on health care for its employees Ford and Chrysler each spent 22 billion if those companies were to move to Canada where they have universal health care they would save about 9 billion a year and the United States would lose 240000 jobs and 156 billion in tax revenue Smith 2008 Dr Mohit HEALTH CARE 6 gives the example of the Toyota Car Company which is located in Japan He states that Toyota enjoys the economic benefits of universal health care and that makes Toyota39s production costs about 1400 lower per vehicle than the cost for American manufacturers Alan S Blinder an economist at Princeton has estimated that between 28 million and 42 million American jobs are at risk of being moved quotoffshorequot in the near future as technology reduces the friction of moving Health Care Right or Privilege abroad 2007 The utilitarian theory says that there is an obvious solution to this issue that would be fair for American citizens and it make complete sense I feel that making health care a right to all citizens is that solution On the contrast the ethical egoist would counter by stating that these major corporations should only after self survival to preserve their companies for future generations Sure they have the money to pay their employees salaries as well as their health benefits but if they move the company over sea to a country that has already established universal health system that is one less expense that they have to budget for If you view this issue from the utilitarianism theory you would see the positive effects of a universal health care program in this country and just how the majority would benefit from it The Congressional Budget Office found that universal health care would reduce the deficit by 12 trillion Klein 2003 American companies are spending 113 trillion dollars each year on health care which is more than the national budgets of France Canada and the UK combined With a universal health care system companies would keep more money and would have a healthier and more productive work force Our nation has a 4 trillion dollar deficit a universal health care plan would reduce this amount and aid the recovery of our country Our country HEALTH CARE 7 would save a minimum of 950 billion per year This is equivalent to one third of our national budget Mohit 2009 The money that would be saved through the implementation of a universal health care plan can be put back into the economy which will mean more jobs more funding for education and so on Mosser states ethical egoism is the view that all human behavior should be regarded as done in the selfinterest of the individual person to satisfy that person s goals and desires 2010 I do not think that people wanting to be able to see a doctor when they are sick or get an Health Care Right or Privilege annual check up for little to no cost is a form of seeking a selfish desire or trying to reach a personal goal Universal health care for all is instead a means to insure that all American citizens can receive the treatment necessary to build and grow this great nation No matter your feeling on health care that is free to all citizens whether you feel it is a right or a privilege there is a need and a demand for it HEALTH CARE 8 References Blinber A S 2007 How Many US Jobs Might Be O shorable CEPS Working Paper No 142 Princeton University Princeton NJ Retrieved from WWWprinceton edublinderp apers07ceps 142pdf Christopher J L 2010 Ranking 37th Measuring the Performance of the US Health Care System The New England Journal 0fMedicine3622 989 doi 101056nejmp0910064 Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured 2003 Health Insurance Coverage in America 2002 Data Update Washington DC The Henry J Kaiser Family Foundation Klein E 2013 January 6 Re Debates The US government ought to guarantee universal health care for its citizens Online forum comment Retrieved from HEALTH CARE http WWWdebateorgdebatesTheUSgovernment oughttoguaranteeuniversa1 healthcareforitscitizens1 McGill N 2013 The affordable care act What is in store for US consumers The Nation 39s Health 431 1120 Retrieved from httpsearchproquestcomdocvieWl290463119 accountid3 25 2 1 Messerli J nd Should the Government Provide Free Universal Health Care for all Americans Retrieved from httpWWWbalancedpoliticsorguniversa1hea1thcarehtm Mohit B 2009 Universal Health Care Can Save Our Economy Retrieved from httpWWWhuffingtonpostcomdrbehzadmohituniversa1 hea1thcare canb201 154htm1 Mosser K 2010 Ethics and Social Responsibility San Diego CA Bridgepoint Education Inc Smith D G PhD 2008 The uninsured in the US healthcare system Journal of Healthcare Management 532 7981 Retrieved from httpsearchproquestcomdocvieW206727969accountid32521
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