LEG500 Final Part 1 and 2
LEG500 Final Part 1 and 2
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Date Created: 11/06/15
4 out of 4 points Which of the following statements best illustrates the view of htilitarianism I From each according to his abilities to each according to his needs 11 The risk reasonably to be perceived defines the duty to be obeyed and risks imports relation it is risk to another or to others within the range of apprehension 111 An action is right when maximizing welfare and total wellbeing IV Individuals should pursue his or her own selfinterest even at the expense of others Answer Selected Answer 111 only Correct Answer 111 only Question 2 4 out of 4 points The best example of a source for virtue ethics for a business is Answer Selected Answer the corporate mission statement Correct Answer the corporate mission statement Question 3 4 out of 4 points According to Citizens United v Federal Election Commission which of the following is not a reason to allow corporations the right to spend money and advertise for political candidates Answer Selected Answer The immense wealth of a corporation allows it to be the most accurate in providing messages to people Correct Answer The immense wealth of a corporation allows it to be the most accurate in providing messages to people 4 out of 4 points Which of the following views on outsourcing would be consistent with the free market ethics approach advocated by Milton Friedman Answer Selected Answer Outsourcing enhances competitiveness modernization and bigger market opportunities Correct Answer Outsourcing enhances competitiveness modernization and bigger market opportunities 4 out of 4 points Corporate director or officer decisions to dedicate corporate funds for social causes is called Answer Selected Corporate Social Responsibility CSR Correct Answer Corporate Social Responsibility CSR 4 out of 4 points Under the legal doctrine of employment at will an employee can be lawfully terminated from her job for I wearing a shirt that clashes with her suit II any nondiscriminatory reason III complaining about illegal actiVity in the workplace IV only for good cause Answer Selected Answer c I and II Correct Answer c I and II 4 out of 4 points In the essay Work Matters by law professor Marion Crain all of the following are the result of working except Answer Selected Answer People stay out of jail Correct Answer People stay out of jail 4 out of 4 points Exceptions to the rule of employmentatwill include which of the following I organization of unions II passage of Sarbanes Oxley Act III raising of public policy issues IV promise of impliedcontract or covenantofgoodfaith Answer Selected Answer I II III IV Correct Answer I II III IV 4 out of 4 points The Constitution does not always protect freespeech rights for what public employees say on the job Which of the following is true Answer Selected Answer Public employees may speak out on matters of public concern and have First Amendment protection but not when they speak out in the course of their official duties Correct Answer Public employees may speak out on matters of public concern and have First Amendment protection but not when they speak out in the course of their official duties 4 out of 4 points To determine whether a public employee receives First Amendment protection from speech and therefore cannot be fired for it the Supreme Court has stated that all of the following are important except Answer Selected Answer The speech cannot be about political topics Correct Answer The speech cannot be about political topics 4 out of 4 points As Facebook and other social media sites grow in users and popularity Selected Answer Many user s have been unhappy with the privacy policies of the sites Correct Answer Many user s have been unhappy with the privacy policies of the sites 4 out of 4 points One reason employers use to justify giving honesty or integrity tests is Answer Selected Answer Employee theft is a tremendous expense each year and employers believe that these tests will remove the largest potential offenders Correct Answer Employee theft is a tremendous expense each year and employers believe that these tests will remove the largest potential offenders 4 out of 4 points The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 ECPA Answer Selected fails to protect employees in most situations involving email monitoring by public and private employers Correct Answer fails to protect employees in most situations involving email monitoring by public and private employers 4 out of 4 points In considering the legality of employer interception of employee emails at work pick the correct statement 1 Employees have complete expectation of privacy since they can select their password for in house and remote access of emails II A subpoena is required by the employer to read any email that is clearly marked confidential by the employee 111 No expectation of privacy exists over an employerowned computer system at work IV Statement by the employer that emails are confidential and privileged cannot be later used by an employer to defeat an employee s claim of privacy Answer Selected 111 only Correct Answer 111 only 4 out of 4 points A majority of states have enacted quotlifestyle rights lawsquot that protect workers39 offduty activities including cases of smoking cohabitation drinking and single parenthood What is the least effective argument by an employer to regulate offtheclock activities in a state that has not enacted such lifestyle rights legislation Answer Selected There is no invasion of privacy since the employee is at will Correct Answer There is no invasion of privacy since the employee is at will 4 out of 4 points Equal protection is the constitutional guarantee Answer Selected embodied in the Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution Correct Answer embodied in the Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution 4 out of 4 points John Smith was assaulted on the loading dock by a coworker Jim Jones at the Acme Widget Company The attack was unprovoked by Smith After the physical assault there was an angry verbal exchange between the parties The incident ended when Jones yelled that Smith was a sissy and everybody knows you39re queer as a three dollar billquot Which of the following statements best describes the outcome of the harassment lawsuit filed by Smith under The Civil Right Act of 1964 I Sex discrimination is prohibited by federal law The Civil Right Act of 1964 II Sexual orientation discrimination is prohibited by federal law The Civil Right Act of 1964 III Suits based on harassment due to sexual orientation cannot prevail when based on local or state laws IV Sexual orientation discrimination is not prohibited by federal law Title VII Answer Selected I and IV Correct Answer I and IV 4 out of 4 points All of the following are true statements regarding the Family and Medical Leave Act FMLA 29 USC 2601 et seq EXCEPT which of the following Answer Selected Every personal or family emergency qualifies for FMLA leave Correct Answer Every personal or family emergency qualifies for FMLA leave 4 out of 4 points To establish a prima facie case of religious discrimination the employee has to show all of the following except which one Answer Selected That religion has been a significant part of the employee s life for a significant amount of time Correct Answer That religion has been a significant part of the employee s life for a significant amount of time 4 out of 4 points A mayor serving in a major metropolitan area receives an internal memorandum indicating personnel at many police stations are singlerace At the time of the report thirty percent of the police force was black or Hispanic She immediately calls a press conference and orders transfer of police officers to achieve racial balance across the city The transferred police offers sue on constitutional grounds Assuming just these facts what is the strongest argument that might be advanced by the transferred officers based on constitutional grounds Answer Selected The mayor s policy used race as the basis for transfers and assignments are subject to strict scrutiny Correct Answer The mayor s policy used race as the basis for transfers and assignments are subject to strict scrutiny 4 out of 4 points Typically individual stockholders are not held responsible for the actions of a corporation Exceptions usually relate to comingling of funds underinsuring or similar actions by the corporate leadership This is called Answer Selected Piercing the corporate veil Correct Answer Piercing the corporate veil 4 out of 4 points Employers have been held criminally responsible for workplace injuries and deaths to workers Answer Selected rarely Correct Answer rarely 0 out of 4 points When an employee is injured on the job that employee may 1 File a worker s compensation claim and accept the government determined value for the injury H File a tort claim in state court to recover damages above the worker s compensation amount 111 File a complaint with OSHA to have the employer investigated and charged if violations are present Answer Selectedr I and 11 only Correct Answer I and 111 only Question 24 4 out of 4 points Which of the following is true about worker s compensation in America Answer Selected Answer Employees collect workers compensation for on the job injuries but are not allowed to sue employers for negligence Correct Answer Employees collect workers compensation for on the job injuries but are not allowed to sue employers for negligence Question 25 4 out of 4 points One example of modern day slavery as discussed in the interview with Kevin Bales is Answer Selected Answer Debt bondage where families borrow money with the collateral being their future labor and the future labor of their offspring Correct Answer Debt bondage where families borrow money with the collateral being their future labor and the future labor of their offspring ring ring 4 gang erg erg erg erg gag erg Leg 500 week 11 final exam part 2 Question 1 0 out of 4 points According to law professor Thomas J 00 the best group of persons for addressing the environmental concerns facing the world today is Answer Selected Answer Environmentalists Correct Answer Directors and Officers Question 2 4 out of 4 points When environmentalists recognized that politicians were not going to pass stricter legislation and regulations they changed their tactics to force change According to the Layzer article in the chapter these new tactics included I Ecoterrorism bombing pipelines and factories II Collaboration with businesses create partnerships to improve environmental impacts 111 Public relations campaigns go public with their accusations and encourage consumers to demand change IV Work internally through shareholders to try to change corporate disclosures Answer Selected Answer II III and IV Correct Answer II III and IV Question 3 4 out of 4 points Under the plan the EPA auctions a set number of sulfur dioxide emission allowances annually with each allowance permitting one ton of emissions Answer Selected Answer tradeable permit Correct Answer tradeable permit Question 4 4 out of 4 points The power of the US Government to take property from a private individual and use it for public purposes is Answer Selected Answer Eminent Domain Correct Answer Eminent Domain Question 5 4 out of 4 points Shareholder activism includes which of the following Answer Selected Answer all of the above Correct Answer wewwwwwwwww w lt ll r r i r a u t GP taug taug cang taug taug taug 9g Irag taug taug 93 all of the above Question 6 4 out of 4 points Which piece of legislation was passed first Answer Selected Answer The Clean Air Act Correct Answer The Clean Air Act Question 7 4 out of 4 points According to MIT professor Layzer the lobbyists for the energy corporations have used which of the following tactics to avoid stricter regulation I Portray the science of global warming as uncertain and debatable II Focus on the financial costs of regulation III Provide Senators and Representatives with financial incentives to vote against regulation IV Portray the environmentalists as extremists and a vocal minority Answer Selected Answer I II and IV Correct Answer I II and IV Question 8 4 out of 4 points Obesity in children has continued to rise since 1976 and approximately of all teens and aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa gpgpgpg gpg g gpgpg youth are overweight Answer Selected Answer onethird Correct Answer onethird Question 9 4 out of 4 points According to John Kenneth Galbraith the theory of consumer demand is based on the following broad assumptions I Socialism will work in all societies because consumers are willing to share their wealth II The urgency of wants does not diminish as more of them are satisfied III Wants originate in the personality of the consumer Answer Selected Answer II and III Correct Answer II and III Question 10 4 out of 4 points The creative revolution in advertising refers to Answer Selected Answer The move from showing what a product can do to making the product a 1 Fl M fmmmmmm 1 33 3 1 33 3 3 3i 3 status symbol Correct Answer The move from showing what a product can do to making the product a status symbol Question 11 4 out of 4 points Of product promotion techniques which is the most in uential according to author Naomi Klein Answer Selected Answer Branding Correct Answer Branding Question 12 0 out of 4 points Identify the true statements regarding freedom of speech I It was not until the 1840s that legal doctrines protecting speech when offensive began to be recognized by the courts II In the First National Bank v Bellotti case the Supreme Court struck down a state law prohibiting a corporation to advertise to in uence voters on issues that did not materially affect its business HI In the Virginia Board case the US Supreme Court failed to link the right to receive information and ideas with the trad itional values that underlie free speech IV The Prescription Information Law expressly allows the transmission or use of both patientidentifiable data and prescriberidentifiable data for certain commercial purposes Answer Selected Answer nameaomam a awn 3 1 3 a a a a a3 Ionly Correct Answer 11 only Question 13 4 out of 4 points The most notable exception to caveat emptor was for Answer Selected Answer Food Correct Answer Food Question 14 0 out of 4 points According to Stephen Sugarman performancebased regulation is Answer Selected Answer Where the government creates a reporting structure for consumers to report corporation performance related to safety or environmental issues and then the government imposes fines by a specific formula for companies who exceed a certain number of negative reports Correct Answer Where the government sets targets for how much harm is allowed for each product produced and the company is fined or penalized for any harm beyond the acceptable level Question 15 Igl l zglgl lgigzgzg 0 out of 4 points According to the plaintiff s attorney the primary tactic defense attorneys use to liability is 1 Hire the best defense firms to make the plaintiffs look like liars II Pursue illegal means to get plaintiffs to drop their cases 111 Use the system to make the case too expensive for plaintiffs to pursue their cases 1V Push plaintiffs into class action suits to force the case to be heard only one time Answer Selected Answer IV Correct Answer HI Question 16 4 out of 4 points The Ford Pinto exploded when rearended by another vehicle Of the types of defects a product may have the Pinto suffered from Answer Selected Answer Design Defect Correct Answer Design Defect Question 17 4 out of 4 points i 1H iii eager at a a 7 a 1 gm 15quot 7 7 an Vii 11 11 11 11 11 The term caveat emptor means Answer Selected Answer buyerbeware Correct Answer buyer beware Question 18 4 out of 4 points To win a case in negligence a plaintiff must prove all but Answer Selected Answer A lack of fault by the defendant for the harm caused Correct Answer A lack of fault by the defendant for the harm caused Question 19 4 out of 4 points The Food and Drug Administration the Consumer Product Safety Commission and the National Highway Transportation Safety Association are Answer Selected Answer Independent Agencies that report to no branch of government Correct Answer gggggg gg 95539 9399 95139 9539 g gagogogogogogog gago Independent Agencies that report to no branch of government Question 20 4 out of 4 points In a lawsuit for copyright infringement a defendant can avoid liability by successfully arguing based on the notion that the free ow of ideas sometimes requires quoting or borrowing from a copyrighted work Answer Selected Answer fair use Correct Answer fair use Question 21 0 out of 4 points The difference between the Project Gutenberg PG and the Google book scanning project is Answer Selected Answer Google only digitizes full documents but the PG digitizes key segments Correct Answer The PG limits itself to only works in the public domain Question 22 0 out of 4 points In order to obtain a patent under US Patent Law an inventor must have an invention that is I Not obvious Z z z z z z zgjgz jmzngjg l l II Unique III Useful IV Not a modification of any prior patents Answer Selected Answer I II III and IV Correct Answer I II and III Question 23 4 out of 4 points Nike s swoosh McDonald s arches and the Xerox name are all identifiable trademarks Which of the following laws protects them I Lanham Trademark Act of 1946 II Federal Trademark Dilution Act of 1995 III Sonny Bono Act of 1998 Answer Selected Answer IandII Correct Answer IandII Question 24 0 out of 4 points Debora Halbert asserts in her essay that 1 Answer Selected Answer when women knitted or quilted they were reluctant to share their patterns with other women Correct Answer women s creativity has existed outside the boundaries of intellectual property law Question 25 4 out of 4 points If an author owns a copyright to a nonfiction essay then publishes that essay in an anthology of similar essays published by a major publishing company the rights involved in this relationship would be referred to as Answer Selected Answer collective work Correct Answer collective work
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