Midterm 2 Study Guide
Midterm 2 Study Guide A HTG 100
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A HTG 100
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hänel Watkins on Friday November 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to A HTG 100 at Brigham Young University taught by Christopher Karpowitz in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see American Heritage in Social Sciences at Brigham Young University.
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Date Created: 11/06/15
American Heritage Midterm 2 Review Tips check out objective slides and summary slides textbook is base reading amendments 115 1315 are civil war amendments Week 6 convention different arguments there Rakove James Madison 0 ideas we don t want a king we assume that states should be sovereign and people are virtuous These assumptions led to the Articles of Confederation strengths and weaknesses of Articles convention think they re just amending the Articles but then Madison proposes a whole new constitution 0 NJ plan and Virginia plan representation executive size of national government 0 Ch 6 FP 0 details of time period with convention Week 7 how we re going to ratify constitution 0 Constitution 0 Legislative Executive Judicial roles of each branch of government State state laws what states cancan t do Amendment amendment process Supremacy means that the constitution is the supreme law not national law Rati cation how are we going to make this our govt l federalist and antifederalists Before rati cation 2 groups 0 goal ratify constitution federalist papers 0 Federalist 10 factions o Federalist 51 auxiliary precautions we hope everyone is virtuous but we shouldn t rely on that o goa don t want to ratify it the way it is want to change things federalist papers brutus paper is anti federalist argument 0 Basic ideas of papers extended republic argument 0 Letter to James Madison Thomas Jefferson in France French revolution Madison loves the idea of dying for freedom Jefferson lays out what s he likes and doesn t like about the constitution Week 8 o What the Framers couldn t know 0 dispelling idea that founding fathers were perfect election of Pres Relates to lters of consent we want the consent of the people but there needs to be some restraint sometimes ch8 FP election of senators 17th amendment changed how we elect now it s a direct election less ltered Judge pres Appoints a judge that s approved by the senate l before elections were less involved by the people Federalist 84 0 Bill of Rights why we don t need one in the constitution federalist B4 bill for rights 0 Ch7FP O rati cation two groups federalists and antifederalists George Washington as a rst president Marbury v Madison what were the effects judicial review not in constitution difference between broad and narrow rights pg 109 Week 9 judicial branch 0 Ch 7 FP nished Federalist 78 Alexander Hamilton 0 Antifederalists said the judicial branch was too strong federalists disagreed they can t declare wartaxes 0 Re ections on the founding FP o Amendments 11 0 Interstate commerce 0 Amendment 12 O O O 0 How we elect the pres Before this amendment most votes pres second most l vice Vice pres and pres usually from diff parties after amendment elect pres and vp separately 0 Ch8FP O O O Federalists vs Democratic Republicans know who was in each group Hamilton amp Adams lsuper strong central govt more power wanted to be like England more power want to interpret const broadly federalists jefferson amp Madison weaker central govt compared to Hamilton country built on selfreliance want to be allies with France Pg 120 FP ideas graph Filters of consent pg 122 farther away from the people how directly we elect them how much time is between elections farther away elections are the less responsive people are size of region if region is small less ltered o Singlerepresentative districts pg 126 Civil war failure of the constitution to keep the union together bc Different opinions on slavery Separation of powers leg bicameral ex jud Judicial Dred Scott decision 0 Said he was still a slave o Said the constitution never intended black people to be citizens 0 It s unconstitutional for congress to regulate slavery in the states made it so national govt couldn t designate slavefree states 0 Executive appeal to a more moderate view 0 Mostly moderate candidates are elected o 1860 election had most of the votes going to extreme candidates 0 extreme left Breckinridge proslavery o extreme right Lincoln antislavery 0 middle Bell vague stick together and get along and Douglas let the states decide Federalism Wanted to let states decide Douglas passed the Kansas Nebraska act 0 Didn t work Bleeding Kansas Large republic Differences were regionalized sectionalism and were hard to x Electoral college l gridlock existed between senate southern in uence equal representation in states vs House northern in representation based on population convention s 3 compromises fugitive slave act most hated by the north 35ths clause shelve slavery for 20 years North 0 Industry railroad Lacked experiencedgood generals South 0 Good generals Battles Gettysburg beginning of the end Lincoln Ideology how he saw the world 0 Keep country together as a central belief Vs Constitution elements of slavery are written in Lincoln wanted to use constitution to back up D of 3 major ways 13th amendment abolished slavery citizenship for slaves applied bill of rights to states said states can t make any laws that con ict with the bill of rights ntl Govt will enforce eg little rock Roe v Wade 15th amendment all men can vote ntl Govt will enforce OOOO Readings Federalist 10 James Madison Said factions cancel each other out large republic Possible solutions to factions l control would not work takes away liberty or control Eg high school 39it groups usually one was dominant vs BYU mix of groups no one group is able to take control Federalist 51 How govt is structured Auxiliary precautions Separation of powers how it s written Checks and balances actual acts taken to checkbalance powers 0 Veto power judicial review check on legislative branch ability to impeach Letter to James Madison Jefferson to Madison Purpose of writing said what he likeddislike about constitution o Liked 3 branches of govt separation of powers 0 Liked that legislative branch could levy taxes Articles of Conf didn t have that was problematic o Liked the compromise between small and big states eq rep in senate and proportional in House 0 Disliked lack of Bill of Rights 0 Disliked lack of term limits 0 Disliked govt overreaction eg govt have power to raise an army couldn t address problems when they aroseenforce laws What the Framers couldn t know Undemocratic elements of const o Suffrage slavery election senators not chosen by people AOL Brutusl Brutus was an had problems with const Worried about too much central govt power 0 Didn t think a large republic would work factions Necessary and proper clause 1rst article of const What to the Slave is the 4th ofJuly Frederick Douglass free black abolitionist 0 America is hypocritical Gettysburg address why we re really ghting the war Said the war was being fought to keep the union together 0 New birth of freedom we re ghting for a new union against slavery o Represents a shift in the thinking declaration applies to everyone Second Inaugural address March 1865 0 We re going to keep going until slavery is done 39Charity towards all malice towards none if south decides to come back they will be welcomed MacPherson forum address 0 Negative liberty freedom from 0 Most of bill of rights 2nOI amendment majority 0 Freedom in government freedom to o Welfare system is this a liberty we could have without a govt Election of 1800 Birth of Political parties secretary of treasury vs Federalist democratic republicans Allies with great Britain common man Foreign power in trade state power more imp Urbanized allies with France Strong economy ntl Bank self reHance Solidi es that the const is working its structures are good demonstrates that the const is still working Clip with insults Jacksonian Democracy Going out among the people and promoting Constitution set up by founding fathers was somewhat aristocratic Jackson was a frontrunner of 39common man was southern fought in war common people can run for pres democratization became more emphasized rather than lters of consentaristocracy l party newspapers get off the boat activities party ralliesconventions making elections and democracy attainable by everyone
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