Midterm 2 Study Guide
Midterm 2 Study Guide PS 348
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This page Study Guide was uploaded by Maddie Evans on Friday November 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PS 348 at University of Oregon taught by Professor Yamin in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 252 views. For similar materials see Women in Politics in Political Science at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 11/06/15
PS 348 Women in Politics Exam 2 Study Guide Essa uestions 1 We have discussed different notions of gender inequality from Betty Friedan Simone DeBeauvoir Casey Hayden and Phyllis Schafly What were these ideas in reaction to Explain each of their notions of gender inequality and what it contributes to the debate on women s equality Make sure to make compare and contrast these ideas Make sure to state the name of the author and their notion of gender inequality Three notions of gender equality a Woman as Other DeBeauvoir a Women are seen as inessential compared to men men the subject b A simple vote won t change this relationship 0 A pre1960 s theoretical text on gender I Served as starting point for second wave of feminism b Problem with no name Friedan a Reaction to reunion at USC and hearing of peers who were unqualified for professional careers b Women should be happy with careers and not only as homemakers 0 Problem with no name is homemakers who are unhappy with roles in life but not talked about 0 Gender as caste system Hayden a Women are not to take political or leadership positions Scha y gt Men are philosophical women are practical gt Oppressive for having children gt Women s fulfillment is different from men s 2 Explain why the readings by Angela Davis Gloria Anzaldua the Combahee River Collective and Audre Lorde can be understood as intersectional accounts of politics How does each author use the notion of intersectionality in her work and what does it tell us Please be sure to define intersectionality in your answer Lastly how is the concept of intersectionality important and useful for understanding women s politics Intersectionality the study of intersections between different disenfranchised groups or groups of minorities specifically the study of the interactions of multiple systems of oppression or discrimination Angela Davis a New Womanhood i Equality in Oppression 1 Women race and class legacies of slavery Gloria Anzaldua a Borderlands is both border between countries but also border between different identities can only identify with one group b Mestiza Consciousness is idea that people are able to be more than one thing Combahee River Collective a Black women not represented enough in Women s movement Audre Lorde a Redefining Difference 1984 b Difference is not deviance c Gays ostracized because not acting normal d Master s tools will never dismantle the master s house Class outlines Section 11 Identity Politics and Feminism Race Sexual Orientation and Class Foundations of Second Wave a 1960s1970s resurgence of feminism 1 Women s lives changed gaining more opportunity in professional 2 Did not transform attitudes of proper place for women many still believed women were meant to be at home 3 60s rise of social movements antiwar student civil rights b New Issues on the Agenda over focus on vote c Theoretical Foundations 1 Two Tracks Liberal and Radical 2 Disagreement on solutions 3 More theoretical discussion of origins of gender oppression b Questions and Themes on gender difference 1 How to define woman How to organize a woman politics 2 Relationship to other movements 3 Reform or revolution approach to changing woman status Legal Gains in the 60s a Equal Pay Act 1963 b Civil Rights Act 1965 c Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 1965 Greater financial independence Allowing women to play sports and be funded for it Liberals o Fought for Equal Rights Amendment 0 NOW National Organization for Women gt Radical 0 Not as involved in politics 0 Ending women s oppression 0 Being critical of traditions gt 1960 s Women 0 Birth control more effective and birth rates declining o More women in workforce and college 0 Higher divorce rates VVV Simone de Beauvoir The Second Sex 1949 a Born into a Roman Catholic family b Second Sex presixties theory on gender c Had very successful academic career d Two important points 1 One is not born but rather becomes a woman 2 Woman as Other woman only gt The question of women is irritating because it is not new gt Women are inessential compared to men Betty Friedan The Feminine Mystique 1963 a Born in Illinois a radical Marxist activist b The Feminine Mystique 1963 1 What is the Feminine Mystique gt The idea that women can be happy with careers and not just home with their children and husbands as homemakers 2 The problem with no name 3 Her response to the problem gt Wants men and women to embrace both masculine and feminine sides to themselves c Critique Issues of classraceprivilege gt At her 15th reunion of USC Berkley saw how many women had quit their jobs or were deemed unqualified Casey Hayden and Mary King Memo to SNCC 1965 a Feminism and Civil Rights b Compare women s equality to racial equality c Caste system of gender where does it function Two tracks in second wave a Liberal 1 Older 2 Liberal idea and practices reform focused 3 National Organization of Women 1966 Statement a Started by Betty Friedan b Radical 1 Younger 2 Radical ideas and practices 3 Redstockings Manifesto 1969 Three notions of gender inequality a Woman as Other b Problem with no name 0 Gender as caste system Intersectionality a Definition a the study of intersections between different disenfranchised groups or groups of minorities specifically the study of the interactions of multiple systems of oppression or discrimination b How does it relate to women s politics and solutions to gender inequality Combahee River Collective Statement 1974 a What is black feminism based on Where does it come from a Created by Black Feminist Organization b What is it a Suggesting that White Feminists Movement not addressing the same issues associated with Black Feminism Angela Davis a Location of black women in legacy of slavery b Debunks stereotypes of black women 0 New Womanhood traits 0 Hard work and selfreliance o Equality in oppression Gloria Anzaldua a What is the borderlands a Border between US and Mexico idea that can only be one nationality and identify with one persongroupcountry b Mestiza and Mestiza consciousness a Being able to be more than just one thing American or Mexican for example c Her theoretical solution a Liberal feminist believed men could be allies 0 Using work to gain and be in power 0 Power in being different Conservative Women a Social conservative and fiscal conservative women 1 Views of women s interests 2 Concerned Women for America Eagle Forum 3 Independent Women s Forum b Themes of conservative women 1 Feminism as attack on family 2 Me first approach 3 Feminism attacks homemaker 4 Big Government antistates rights c Difference from feminists d Contradiction Phyllis Schla y The Positive Woman 1977 a Background b Dogmas of Feminism 0 Women are seen negatively for being women 0 Oppressive to have babies 0 No difference between men and women but women seen as weaker c Positive Woman who is she 0 Men are philosophical women are practical o Maternal instinct is good for society Equal Rights Amendment a Rights vs Substance and idea of gender roles b History and tensions 0 Written by Alic Paul in 1923 o Gained traction in 1970 s c Mansbridge 1 Close to passing I Passed by the Senate 848 2 Equality idea v practice what would it do gender roles And changing women s roles Sexuality a Background on gay politics 1 Stonewall Riots b Tensions with women s rights lavender menace b Gay women entered women s movement but were treated as women had been treated by men found that oppression came from the women who were oppressed Radicalesbians 1970 a What is meaning of the label or term lesbian a Used in a sexist society where not seen as normal the rage of all women b Role of sexism c Feminine role is both wife and heterosexual o A woman only a woman because of sexual relationship with man Audre Lorde Age Race Class and Sex Women Rede ning Difference 1984 a Background b Mythical norm 0 Imagining a perfect person that doesn t exist no normal to go off of in society c Difference is not deViance o Gays were ostracized because not acting normal
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