Exam 2 Slide ID Practice (Filled in!)
Exam 2 Slide ID Practice (Filled in!) ANTH 1003
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This 35 page Study Guide was uploaded by Aisha Notetaker on Friday November 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ANTH 1003 at George Washington University taught by Cline, E in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 191 views. For similar materials see Archaeology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 11/06/15
Exam Practice (Who/What/When/Where) WHAT – British archeologist who found the oldest skeleton in all of Israel (Neanderthal woman) • evidence of Neanderthals & Homo sapiens living side by side WHEN – Tabun cave dates from 500,000- 40,000 years ago WHERE – Mount Carmel Caves in Israel WHO – Sir Arthur Evans (1890) coined the “Minoan name”after the Greek Myth about King Minotaur WHAT – Knossos palace ruins show it may have doubled as a redistribution center.An earthquake in 1700 and Mycenean war drove ppl out WHEN – 2000-1200 BC WHERE – Greece WHAT – Found 3.5-3.8 million year old footprints @ Laetoli WHEN – 1976,footprints date back 3.5-3.8 million years ago WHERE - Laetoli (Tanzania) WHAT – found skeleton of Turkana boy (Australopithecus boisei) WHEN – 1959 (discovery) bones from 1.6 million years ago WHERE – Olduvai Gorge,Kenya WHAT – granddaughter of Louis and Mary . Youngest person ever to find a hominid fossil WHEN – In 1977,she found a 17 million year old tooth WHERE – Olduvai Gorge,Kenya WHO – Jack Harris,Brian Richmond,David Braun WHAT – they found footprints of 1.53 million years old homo erectus Oldest evidence of hominins walking upright WHEN – 1.53 million years ago WHAT – he found a female Australopithecus afarensis skeleton WHEN – found in 1974,dates back to 3.18 million years ago WHERE – Hadar,Ethiopia WHO – teens found a cave by accident WHAT –with 600+ cave paintings,etchings, engravings in it WHEN – Circa 17,000 BC WHO – found by a nobleman WHAT - 900-1000 ft of“polychromatic” ceiling paintings depicting herd of bison and deer WHEN – 12,000 BC WHO – found by park ranger Chauvet WHAT – 8000sq ft cave with owls, bears and other animals on it WHEN – 30,000 BC WHAT – the body of a man thought to be ritually sacrificed at age 40.His stomach,intestines and felt hat were all preserved WHEN – 4 century BC found in 1950 WHERE – Denmark WHAT – Most famous,successful hoax in archeology history Charles Dawson set off a frenzy in England bc it went against Darwin DISPROVED: Part human,part ape Dawson filed the teeth so it would look human WHEN – 500 years old WHERE - quarry in England (far from the other African findings) WHAT -Pseudo archeologist who“found” Noah’s Ark WHEN - 2006 WHERE -A rock outcrop on an Iranian mountain WHAT- pseudo archeologist who “found” Noah’s Ark,Soddom and Gomorrah etc.Lab tests denied all his claims WHEN- 1977 WHERE- Red Sea WHAT – self made (pseudoarcheologist) who “found” : The lost Ark Sodom & Gomorrah Tower of Babel 10 commandments used NASA satellite photos + remote sensing but didn’t GROUND TRUTH WHEN – findings date back to“4000”years WHERE – Dead sea WHO – Klaus Schmidt he found a stone with animal pieces on them arranged in a circle during a survey – WHAT – considered“the world’ s first temple” WHEN – 9600 BC WHO – excavated by Garstang & later Kathleen Kenyon WHAT – One of the earliest (fortified) inhabited places. Tower,tomb,skull and biblical battle site were uncovered WHEN – 7500 BCE WHO – James Mellaart excavated from 1961-65 WHAT – Special site bc no streets/windows/doors btw rooms & homes WHEN – 6500-5600 BCE WHERE – South eastern Turkey WHAT – he started radio radiocarbon & carbon 14 dating methods by sampling cave paintings and studying the half-life of remains WHEN – 1949 WHERE – prehistoric sloth dung from Chile, Dead Sea Scrolls,bread from a house in Pompeii buried by volcanic ash etc WHAT – started“post processual archeology” and refined the art of fundraising: Had fashion shows where models wore Catal Hoyuk inspired outfits! WHEN – 1980s WHERE – England based WHO – hikers found well preserved body of Otzi WHAT –North African sandstorm and ice preserved him! An arrowhead was found in his back,so he was murdered! WHEN – Found in 1991.Radiocarbon dating – 3200 BC (copper/bronze age) WHERE – the Alps in a gully (hidden under a glacier) WHO – found by Pete Marsh WHAT – a 25 y old murder victim/ritually sacrificed body was found preserved down to the internal organs,hair and nails WHEN – AD 50 -100 WHERE – Cheshire,England WHO – found by Basil Brown and a local landowner WHAT – a royal burial or cenotaugh with only wooden stains and rivets left. WHEN – Found in 1939,dates to AD 620- 650 (Anglo-Saxon period) WHERE – Suffolk,England WHAT – Came to Greece to find Agamemnon’ s remains,found both sides of the Trojan war. Tombs Grave circles Mycenean gold mask WHEN – grave circles:1600-1500 BC Lion’s Gate:1250 BC WHERE – Greece WHO – Spyridon Marinatos thought the Pompeii explosion affected the Minoans too.He excavated to prove it and they’ve been digging ever since. WHAT – an active volcano in“Thera”aka Santorini filled up with water and blew up.“Pompeii of the Aegean” WHEN – 1628 BC WHERE – Thera aka Santorini,Greece WHO – George Bass:father of underwater archeology WHAT – found a Canaanite cargo ship w/ items from 7 nations WHEN – 1300 BC WHERE –Cape Gelidonya WHO – excavated by Kempinski,Neimeier and now Cline WHAT – middle Bronze Age site w/ Aegean art (frescoes) WHEN – 1800-1500 BC WHERE – North Israel (near border of Lebanon) WHO/WHAT – skeleton found in a burial under the palace WHEN – 2007/8 WHERE – Tel Kabri,Israel WHO –OG archeologist on the site WHAT – found Aegean style painted palace in Tel Kabri, that style was common in Knossos/Crete WHEN – Started digging in 1986,found middle Bronze Age checkered palace floor -> WHERE – Kabri,Israel WHO – excavated by biblical archeologists,most recently Professor Cline WHAT – 34 battles took place WHEN – Early Bronze Age WHERE – Israel • WHO – Early biblical archeologist,actually a minister • WHAT – Identified dozens of sites by matching modern day sites w/biblical names ^^method didn’t work for Megiddo,they were on top of it! • WHEN – 1794-1863 • WHERE – Biblical sites including Megiddo • WHO – British surveillance team that pretended to make maps/do surveys so Brits could claim the land • WHAT – Found Megiddo/Lejjun as the Ottoman Empire collapsed • WHEN – 1871-1877 • WHERE –West Palestine • WHO – First guy to dig @ Megiddo.Not an archeologist,engineer • WHAT – Found a grave w/ possible bronze age royal family.Gave finds to the Ottoman Sultan. Most of it went missing • WHEN – 1903-1905 • WHERE – Megiddo,Israel WHO – First actual archeologists to dig @ Megiddo WHAT –Used Petrie’ s stratigraphy, pottery seriation techniques WHEN – 1925 - 1939 WHERE – Megiddo,Israel
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