CJA394_wk2_Police Development and Operation Trends
CJA394_wk2_Police Development and Operation Trends
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Running head: POLICE DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATION TRENDS 1 Police Development and Operation Trends Brittnie K. Livingston CJA/394 October 07, 2014 Luis Cintron University of Phoenix POLICE DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATION TRENDS 2 Police Development and Operation Trends The police organization brings a distinctive meaning to various individuals focused around age, sex, relationship, and so forth. In the event that an individual were to ask a person who was the age of 30 in 1950, it is certain they would have definitely distinctive points of interest as to the policing that occurred inside their police associations, than if you were to solicit an individual today from age 30. This is on account of most policing associations still use the hierarchal frameworks and the standardmilitary based structure, the advancement of offices, engineering, patterns, and associations with regular folks have all changed. Some police associations feel that improvements are needed and that the progressions are highly required to guarantee the concept of policing inside the police associations. On the other hand, change to some are constantly negative and regardless of what indications of change are shown, change simply won't be supported. All through this paper it will point out how the patterns, association, and improvements have changed policing inside the police associations. Policing organizations management is a straightforward method. The local, city, and county police are the makes of the third part of the jurisdiction. "Community policing represents an alternative to the traditional form of police organizations" (WalkerKatz, 2008, p. 100). Within the various parts of the local police, there are various responsibilities that work together in protecting our communities. Using a chain of command is the key in helping with sorting out the order of authority within the departments. It resembles the military, law enforcement uses captain, lieutenant, and sergeants' rankings to place officers in ranks from highest to lowest. There are cities that have thousands of officers who divides duties, other cities or small towns have one officer who will fill the roles or "status hierarchy —their assigned status within the POLICE DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATION TRENDS 3 police department" (Walker Katz, 2008, p. 106). In an overall general perspective, the basic requirements of an officer are standardized throughout the United States. Though, there are some issues that create a challenge for American police officials such as subcultures that ill describe the basic assumptions and values that will permeate law enforcement agencies. There are some law officials who abuse their authorities, therefore, amendments such as the Miranda rights were created to ensure that citizens' rights are protected. The criminal justice system was set forth to create order within the community. The system is made up of three main components. The consistent organization in managing the courts, judiciary, and police branches. Each one of these branches performs different functions in the criminal justice system. All having different roles to play and contributes to the system in their way. The front line or first people to encounter the suspected offenders is a law enforcement officer. When a suspect or suspects is first apprehended, the suspect or suspects are taken to the stations, held to be booked, inspected, and put into a jail with their fellow criminals. The Police administration is present on all levels of a police agency. When a person first examines the administration of policing within the police organization, one must first look at the structure. "Police agencies are bureaucratic paramilitary organizations that have traditionally been slow to change" (Jones, 2008). The military style of the structure has been criticized for many reasons continually over the years. It is said that this type of structure marks police against society and solicits warfare on crime attitude that could lead to the mistreatment of individuals in the community. In the more recent years there has been a community policing philosophy, this has included drastic attempts of an organizational change in police organizations. The Organizational change is "mandating a decentralized policing style as POLICE DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATION TRENDS 4 to where in policing agencies must despecialize and officers must have closer integration with the communities they serve" (Jones, 2008). With having closer integration with the public it is serve, these civil service groups objective is to put great emphasis on community relationships, while trying to remove the structure rule and policy that suppress officers from being able to perform effectively. This is also helping with replacing specialized departments with officers facing these same issues daily. The O.W Wilson's main beliefs of policing administration include hierarchy, the clear lines of authority, having written rules and policies, and specialization. These are the main beliefs of the professional policing era. When the introduction of problemoriented policies and community policing, there came a realization that changes were necessary. Now the main goal of police administration is to steer away from the bureaucratic structure, which through time has proven to be ineffective. Through revitalization, there have been major improvements with relationships in the community, and allows the officers more opportunity for growth is now at the front position of policing administration. With these changes, the administration is presented with both positive and negative changes. "Maguire found that in the 1990s large police departments across the country were becoming less centralized and less bureaucratic, and were increasingly relying on civilians to perform police work" (WalkerKatz, 2008). Change is an ongoing thing; it will continue to occur not only in administration, and it will change in operations as well. Policing as historically organized, cannot effectively stop crime, however Bagley sees no chance of simpler crime interference if decentralizing the department of local government and giving a lot of responsibility to the neighborhood police. Decentralizing offers a lot of responsibility to the officers at rock bottom of the organization rather than the normal high down POLICE DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATION TRENDS 5 quasimilitary vogue organization. In 1970, team policing was a radical innovation involving restructuring police operation on the neighborhood lines and decentralizing deciding authority. Neighborhood police had additional of associate degree input at the side of neighborhood leaders on the data flowing out of the neighborhoods to the police and back. Poorly planned experiments nonexistent with the communitypolicing, changing into a lot of downsides orientated policing, intolerance policing, or ancient vogue policing. The most goals are to stay peace and safety among society with the smallest amount of damage. Coaching officers and chiefs is vital to the flow of data being properly received and acted upon. There ought to be no guess add the department's strategy for maintaining order, or following orders. The organization is important to the operation of the department, while not structure, management, and knowledge, policing would be not possible to keep up in communities. The United States Department of Justice granted in the 1994 Violent Crime Control Act 100,000 officers for community oriented policing only communities that developed a plan for community policing received the fund (WalkerKatz, 2008). Operationally the departments got to be connected to share additional info across departments and states. Operation and development trends should still be shared to confirm a bright future for all police agencies. Past, Present, and Future Trends of Development & Operations Past, present, and future patterns in policing have all helped the achievement and disappointments of different police associations. Inside the past, things like group policing haven't been blessed for creating and sorting out police agencies. Team policing neglected to permit offices to handle issues that will emerge in a few areas specifically. When watch autos were brought into policing, they turned into a positive commitment towards prevailing criminal POLICE DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATION TRENDS 6 conduct. Inside the most recent twenty years, police associations have created and upheld an innovation alluded to as COMPSTAT, which is that the truncation for machine correlation detail. COMPSTAT has been a successful tool for police agencies because it states a police department's goals, missions, and values (Walker & Katz, 2008). This technology also organizes authority and transfers resources to the proper commanders who are in charge of specific geographical areas (Walker & Katz, 2008). By actualizing these gimmicks, COMPSTAT has been effective in the lessening of wrongdoing rate. The fate of police officers will depend on five separate patterns to guarantee achievement being developed and operations: police innovation, job inclines in law implementation, police research, demographic change, and the war on terrorism. The future in law authorization relies on occupation patterns and the capacity of conceivable workers. Before enlisting new representatives, police organizations must audit approaches and handbooks to guarantee that the correct definitions are incorporated into law implementation manuals that new workers are to get. Prior to being hired by a police agency, it is imperative that each candidate be given a thorough, detailed background check (Keating, 2010). The past, present, and future patterns of today's police officers will guarantee a positive operational office and ceaseless advancement. After all the examination and examining, it is evident that the policing in police associations from the administrations, administration, and operations has created and changed extraordinarily. The police associations have likewise possessed the capacity to start using instruments, for example, COMPSTAT to better guarantee operations are proceeding the positive way of advancement. Police associations have started conveying inside as well as statewide and broadly in the wake of exploiting all the mechanical progressions. With a portion of the mechanical POLICE DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATION TRENDS 7 progressions made, policing associations have the capacity stay at a pace of the crooks in wants to get and anticipate wrongdoings. Past practices are still dynamic in today's policing world however some may have little changes to better use them, for instance, the top down methodology still aides keep up the associations structure and administration. With the majority of the advancement rolled out in policing by using improvement in patterns to stay aware of the present times, it must be seen that in an alternate decade the police associations will again be progressing in the instruments used to help guarantee wrongdoing is avoided, ceased, and rebuffed. POLICE DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATION TRENDS 8 References Gordner G (1996) Community Policing: Principles and Elements Jones, M. (2008, Fall). A Complexity Science View of Modern Police Administration. Public Administration Quarterly, Vol 32(Issues 3), p. 433457. HPD History. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.honolulupd.org/department/index.php? page=history Introduction to Police Administration. (ND). Retrieved from http://highered.mcgraw hill.com/sites/dl/free/0073380008/893372/Chapter_1.pdf Keating, P.M. (2010). Employment Law: Issues That Need Attention Sooner Rather Than Later. Shopping Center Legal Update, 30(1), 1418. Walker, S., & Katz, C.M. (2008). The police in America: An introduction (6th ed.). New York, NY: McGrawHill.