Comm 1500 Exam 2 Study Guide
Comm 1500 Exam 2 Study Guide 81665 - COMM 1500 - 003
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Evan DePersia on Sunday March 27, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 81665 - COMM 1500 - 003 at Clemson University taught by Eddie R Smith in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Human Communication in Language at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 03/27/16
Exam 2 Study Guide Comm 1500 Lecture 3/23/16 Notes Speaker: ASC Room 118, Monday night 7:00 pm Group Communication Invested Interest – need to be close with group members for successful communication Systems Theory – Throughout our lives, go from one group to the next Behavior and attitude changes with changing groups Two types of groups: o Closed system group of people put together that only interact if an outside source makes them interact; analogy: box of rocks o Open system – vibrant, grows, works together, accomplishes something, members are invested in each other; analogy: terrarium Guidelines to make a team work: 1. Must have a common goal 2. Goal needs to be in reach, attainable 3. Make sure people are using their talents a. Balance talent among group 4. Needs to be good leadership Two ways of thinking as a group Negative – Group Think: all thinking the same thought Positive Synergy Important Terms: group People who have 5 traits: influence each other common purpose take on roles interdependent interact together primary group focuses on social/interpersonal relationships (personal friends) secondary group focuses on getting something done (committees/projects) team strong relationship close knit & strong sense of identity project team focuses on coordinating a task and getting something specific done work team focuses on actually getting something done group culture 4 common things shared by group that shapes their personality: values beliefs norms behavior norms ways everyone is expected to behave interdependence everyone mutually dependent on each other commitment everyone wants to succeed & complete the task well, so willing to work together cohesiveness group's willingness to stay together (form of loyalty) groupthink problem: group harmony > new ideas/disagreement, fails to critically examine ideas and listen to individuals’ opinions social loafing individuals don't work hard when part of a group; negative affect on the group persuasion Uses verbal & nonverbal message to reinforce/change: attitudes beliefs values behavior adoption asks audience to do (adopt) something; ex. vote discontinuance asks audience to stop a behavior; ex. smokin deterrence asks listener to not start a behavior (ex. don't use illegal drugs) continuance asks audience to continue a habit or behavior question of facts asks what is true & what is false question of value asks if there is value in something question of policy asks if something should be done ethos speaker's character in the audience's eyes logos logic argument pathos emotional argument trustworthiness can the speaker/speech be trusted? oral footnote verbally citing someone or another source problemsolution 2part speech: problem + solution causeeffect 3part speech: cause + effect + solution Monroe's motivated sequence 5part speech: attention + need + satisfaction + visualization + action appeal to needs persuade people by appealing to their needs logical appeal persuade people by using logic deductive reasoning general information to specific conclusion inductive reasoning specific facts to general conclusion casual reasoning cause & effect linked together reasoning by analogy uses comparison to reach conclusion emotional appeal persuasion via emotions fallacy flaw in argument because of broken logic or inconsistent thoughts questionable cause argument is not the actual cause of problem hasty generalization jumping to a conclusion without all facts either/or giving only 2 options when really more Leadership influencing a group to clarify/lead a group towards its purpose & goals Leader person who assumes the leadership position task needs requirements & actions leading to completion of a job maintenance needs requirements of organization & development so members succeed initiating structure focus: get the job done (part of leadership) consideration focus: good relationships with others (part of leadership) autocratic leader leader who acts alone and makes decisions without listening to group input democratic leader leader who works with & listens to others’ opinions laissezfaire leader leader who doesn't lead & is dependent on others for success agenda everything to cover at a meeting principled negotiation negotiation by discussion of everyone's needs and discussion to find alternatives to meet such needs information knowledge about something specific (news) and knowledge learned via study/research (factual data) information relevance making information relevant to the audience and your speech planned repetition intentional restatement of something so the audience remembers it advance organizer warning to the audience: something important is next descriptors descriptive words used in the speech presentation contrast definition definitions with an emphasis on differences synonym words almost equivalent or very similar antonym words are opposites etymology – word origin artifacts personal thing that says something about someone (ex. t shirt w/ greek letters; tattoo) self monitoring regulation of your own nonverbal cues functional approach using multiple verbal messages simultaneously to find meaning Gender inclusive language political correctness include both men & women (even though grammatically incorrect) sexist language political incorrectness exclude men or women (causing sexual stereotypes) (even though grammatically correct) SapirWhorf hypothesis language influences thought which influences our reality language determines our reality because that's the only way we understand the world high context culture context important for determining meaning low context culture context not important for determining meaning (meaning from the words themselves) vividness descriptive language that brings the conversation to life verbal immediacy language that makes the message more relevant to the listener metaphor comparison of 2 things not normally connected
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