ISCOM 383 Week 5 Individual Assignment Issues and Trends Paper
ISCOM 383 Week 5 Individual Assignment Issues and Trends Paper
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Week 5 Individual ISCOM383 Global Value Chain Management - Week 5 Individual Assignment - Issues and Trends Paper Issues and Trends Lean Six Sigma and Customs-Trade Partnerships against Terrorism ISCOM 383 Global trends are changing on a daily basis. Global economies are weakening and some companies are discouraged by the condition of terroristic threats that are occurring. These threats are changing the spending behavior of the average customer. Not only is the customer not purchasing because of the economy, but businesses face the threat of shipments not being secure or arriving to the end customer on time or safely. To lower cost, and increase benefits, the lean Six Sigma approach will benefit companies by improving strategies and tactics. Customs Trade Partnership against Terrorism will reduce terroristic threats. The goals set forth by the Customs Trade Partnership against Terrorism will have a significant, positive effect on ports across the globe that secures locations. The training process will ensure the knowledge needed to protect the supply chain for all countries. Lean Six Sigma Competition for global companies is great in today’s global market. With the popularity and ease of access to the internet, anyone can create an online company for the world to see. Lean Six Sigma can create an environment that can enhance the strategy of competition. According to Carreira and Trudell, “Lean Six Sigma is a combination of the best features of Six Sigma and Lean manufacturing. Six Sigma is an integrated, disciplined approach for improving processes by understanding and controlling variation, which results in an improvement in the predictability of business processes. The basic values of Lean manufacturing include high quality, low cost, short cycle times, flexibility, the continuous pursuit to eliminate waste, and customer-defined value. While the classic tools of Lean address process definition, high materials velocity, and balance, the tools of Six Sigma address data-driven variation reduction” (Lawson, 2007). Lean causes products to move through processes faster, and Six Sigma improves quality, so integrating the two complementary methodologies can yield even greater benefits than implementing them separately. Some companies find this process too complex to integrate into the system. These companies believe that the process of combining the two strategies would create confusion instead of ease. The Lean Six Sigma approach can help any company lower its costs, improve the quality of its output, and increase its profits as it transforms into a more competitive organization. Competition is crucial for a company to succeed in the global market. Marketing strategies must be in place to entice potential consumers. “By integrating the Lean principle of a system-wide analytical view; for example, the value stream, the total cycle of activities needed to produce a product or service, organizations can maximize the benefit from their improvement efforts. Lean Six Sigma can be viewed from both a strategic and a tactical perspective. On the strategic side, it's an organizational philosophy of applying relentless efforts to drive out waste at every level and improve product quality to the level of only 3.4 defects per million opportunities. Tactically, it is an effective approach that continually analyzes the organization to determine where improvement is needed” (Lawson, 2007). Global Trends of Lean Six Sigma In the current situation the entire world is in economically, the trend for Lean Six Sigma may be necessary for all organizations to implement. Across the globe, many countries are experiencing the effect of a global recession. According to Ghosh, “With increased availability of innovative technology and enhancements, more and more measurements are being put in place to understand, monitor and control processes. As we know what we cannot measure we cannot improve. Available data for processes will encourage predictive modeling tools under the umbrella of Lean and Six Sigma tools. This will enable organizations to become more proactive and help with prevention and improved response times. The lead time of implementation of Lean and Six Sigma projects will also be on a downward trend as a result of easier measurements with technology advancements, greater affordability and the evolution of Web 2.0 tools to drive productivity and efficiency” (Ghosh, 2009). The possible improvement capabilities of the lean Six Sigma may have a strong effect on turning the global crisis around to make a positive impact on the economy. Customs Trade Partnership against Terrorism (C-TPAT) “The Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency of the US government implemented a partnership with private companies after the events of 9/11 to help protect the supply chain. Customs-Trade Partnership against Terrorism (C-TPAT) was launched in November 2001, with just seven major importing companies. Currently over 7,400 companies in the global supply chain are enrolled in the program, including importers, customs brokers, terminal operators, carriers and foreign manufacturers. CBP’s C-STAT strategy is based on five goals” (Murray, 2011). These goals are ensure that C-TPAT partners improve the security of their supply chains pursuant to C-TPAT security criteria, provide incentives and benefits to include expedited processing of C-TPAT shipments to C-TPAT partners, internationalize the core principles of C-TPAT through cooperation and coordination with the international community, support other CBP security and facilitation initiatives, and improve administration of the C-TPAT program. CBP provided benefits are not the only benefits that companies realize by joining C-TPAT. Companies have found that joining C-TPAT often results in discovering outdated procedures and/or discovering areas that need improved security and efficiency. While per forming the required supply chain assessment for C-TPAT membership, companies are able to streamline their operations. The first goal signifies that profiles and information is secure. Terror threats against all ports of the globe are at an all time high. The second goal of the Customs Trade Partnership against Terrorism enacted security assessment programs and training for all. This will ensure that all personnel are knowledgeable and are properly trained in order to detect such terrorist threats. Goal three consists of communication. According to Murray, “Partnering with the international trade community to help secure global supply chains and partnering with individual customs administrations will improve the coordination of mutual anti-terrorism efforts. Supporting the work of the World Customs Organization (WCO) to develop a WCO sponsored framework to secure and facilitate global trade that recognizes customs-private sector partnerships, and coordinate with international organizations to improve the security and integrity requirements of their membership” (Murray, 2011). The fourth goal will expand the Free and Secure Trade Program which will enable authorities to enhance the security of Container Security initiative while helping Homeland Security with antiterrorism programs and development. The last goal will expand the training and structure of C-TPAT supply chain system. Global Trends of Customs Trade Partnership against Terrorism (C-TPAT) As international trade continues to expand, the global supply chain remains even more vulnerable to security threats. Despite efforts by importers and other supply chain participants to improve security, the danger of a terrorist attack involving the international transportation system remains high. Companies have also become aware of the vulnerability of its supply chains to an ever-increasing range of security threats and disruptions. “While participation in the program has increased, and CBP continues to roll out minimum-security criteria covering new business types, a key category has yet to be incorporated into the program – third-party logistics providers (3PLs). While U.S. Customs and Border Protection has announced that security criteria covering 3PLs will be incorporated into the C-TPAT program sometime this year, it is unclear how they will develop a common definition for service providers in the outsourced logistics sector (Anderson, 2008). The global trend of security issues will always remain at a high level. Because of the terrorist attacks of 9/11, security will remain a top priority in the global supply and value chain. According to Anderson, “Creating effective security criteria for 3PLs will mitigate potential for loss, reduce gridlock at our borders and ultimately minimize the extent of disruption to the supply chain in a crisis situation. In addition, creating a defined 3PL category with industry accepted security criteria might add another layer of protection against attacks to the U.S. supply chain” (Anderson, 2008). In Conclusion The global trends of Lean Six Sigma and Customs Trade Partnership against Terrorism will be a significant part of the future of business. Combining the powers of Lean manufacturing with the essential tactics and strategies of Six Sigma will lower costs for corporations and in crease competitive strategy. Today’s company should have a proactive way of thinking instead of waiting until something happens to react and take action. Forecasting methods, with the Lean Six Sigma, will provide businesses the opportunity to enhance the skills they desire and be prepared. Lean Six Sigma will teach companies how to structure their operations to monitor data at the right places and times throughout the process in order to identify issues that need improvement before they become serious problems. A pro-active approach can save time, money and best of all improve customer satisfaction and product reliability. Companies supply chains are in danger of terroristic threats. Customs Trade Partnership against Terrorism is enhancing their service by combining five different goals to comply with securing the ports of entry. C-TPAT is voluntary at this time, but before long, this may change. C-TPAT will soon require mandatory participation. Terror threats effects everyone across the globe. A major challenge of global trade is navigating customs requirements, and the complexities and processes that accompany shipping around the world among a company’s locations and with outsourcing partners. New security and compliance initiatives, trade agreements, customs regulations, duty rates, and import and export processes can make it more difficult than ever to conduct international trade. And non-compliance with government regulations can bring potential fines, penalties, and even legal action. If the supply chain is tainted, then the business will suffer great loss. All countries and organizations should work together to create a terrorist free environment to enhance the global economy and protect the supply and value chain. References Ghosh, M. (2009). Projected Lean and Six Sigma Trends for 2010 Retrieved April 2, 2011 from http://www.processexcellencenetwork.com/deployment- management/articles/projected-lean-and-six-sigma-trends Anderson, B. (2008). Strengthening Global Supply Chain Security Retrieved April 2, 2011 from http://www.securitymagazine.com/articles/strengthening-global- supply-chain-security-1 Murray, M. (2011). Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT), Retrieved April 3, 2011. Lawson, R. (2011). Combining Lean and Six Sigma. (BOOKS). Strategic Finance (2007): 21+. General OneFile. Retrieved April 3, 2011 from http://find.galegroup.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/gps/infomark.do? &contentSet=IAC Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=IPS&docId=A176083004&source=gale&srcp rod=ITOF&userGroupName=uphoenix&version=1.0 COM383 Rubric for Week Five Individual Assignment Issues and Trends Paper Please note: Each of the criteria (below) is weighted equally when grading your assignment. Assignment’s submitted without a minimum of 2 separate citations will receive a Zero Grade. A percentage grade is formulated in a separate table, at the bottom of this document. Please note that this grade is then adjusted to reflect the particular point values for the course assignment. Those points earned for each course assignment are reflected in your weekly grades. (For example, if the syllabus indicates that an assignment is worth a total of 10 points, and you receive a score of 90%, then you will receive 9 points for that assignment.) Criterion Unsatisfactory Satisfactory Exceptional (0 1 points) (2 3 points) (4 points) Select two Does not describe Includes some Thoroughly describes and explain their description and and explains their related contemporary issues (Customs related trends. explanation of their trends. Trade Partnerships related trends. Against Terrorism [CTPAT], ISO 9000 4 certifications, Six Sigma, Lean Manufacturing, etc.) and describe and explain their related trends (globalization, trading blocks, increased government intervention, privatization, outsourcing, etc). Determine the Does not determine Includes some Demonstrates a thorough impact of these the impact of these determination of the determination of the issues and trends issues and trends on impact of these issues impact of these issues on global value global value chain and trends on global and trends on global chain management. management. value chain value chain management. management. 4 Criterion Unsatisfactory Satisfactory Exceptional (0 1 points) (2 3 points) (4 points) Writing Mechanics Paper Length Paper does not meet Paper within prescribed Paper exceeds maximum minimum length Length. length required. The length of the required. paper is within the prescribed length of 4 10501400 words (Not including Cover and Ref page) APA format The paper, including The paper, including The paper, including the the title page, the title page, reference title page, reference reference page, page, tables, and page, tables, and tables, and appendices, follows appendices, consistently appendices, does not APA guidelines the follows APA guidelines. follow APA majority of the time. Two or more citations of guidelines. Citations Two or More citations original works within the of original works of original works within body of the paper within the body of the the body of the paper consistently follow APA paper do not follow follow APA guidelines guidelines. APA guidelines or the the majority of the time. paper does not include citations from 4 a minimum of two separate sources. Criterion Unsatisfactory Satisfactory Exceptional (0 1 points) (2 3 points) (4 points) Spelling & Grammar Rules of grammar Rules of grammar and Rules of grammar and and punctuation are punctuation are punctuation are not followed. Spelling followed the majority of consistently followed. is incorrect. the time. Spelling is Spelling is consistently correct the majority of correct. the time. Organization Paragraphs do not Paragraphs somewhat The writer focuses on focus around a focus around a central ideas and concepts within The paper has a central point, and point, and concepts are paragraphs, and structure that is concepts are somewhat disjointedly sentences are well clear, logical, and disjointedly introduced or poorly connected and easy to follow; the introduced or poorly defended (i.e., stream meaningful. Each topic tone is defended (i.e., of consciousness). logically follows the appropriate to the stream of objective. The content and consciousness). introduction clearly states assignment. the objective or ideas leading to the purpose of the paper, and a conclusion draw the ideas together. Total Points Available Total Points Grade- Earned Percentage 24 24 100% Great job on this paper!
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