Energy generation in the body
Energy generation in the body BIOL 123 001
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by . Notetaker on Saturday November 7, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 123 001 at University of New Mexico taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 80 views. For similar materials see Biology for Health Related Sciences and Non-Majors in American Studies at University of New Mexico.
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Date Created: 11/07/15
What is Anaphase? Centrosomes seperate chromosomes and pull to opposite sides. Cytokenesis Cells split and form two other cells. what happens During The energy grows and copy DNA. It goes through G1 Interphase? (first growth phase) G2, (2nd growth phase prepares for mitosis). And S, which duplicates chromosomes. Fermentation does not use It does not use oxygen,and produces lactic acid. what and produces what instead? Required for the citric acid Oxygen cycle or electron transport chain to operate? Metaphase Chromosomes align at midline of cell. Oxaloacetate and Acetyl -COA It makes citrate and starts the process over again and bonds and makes what? at the end makes 28 ATP's from your electron transport carriers. Prometaphase Forms mitotic spindles, microtubeoles push/pull chromosomes to mitotic plate. Prophase DNA condenses and made into chromotids, they coil up, centrosomes migrate to opposite sides. Symptoms of Ebola: Day 1: Abrupt onset of severe headache and malaise. Day 2: Severe Watery Diarrhea, Day 5 -7: Severe hemorrhagic manifestations, After that your basically dead. Telophase Reformation of nucleus; Mitosis ends/ and cytokenesis starts. Viruses must do what? They must infect a cell membrane, and have a host. Virus Life Cycle First viruses must attach to a host, virus proteins on surface binds host receptor. Second, they must have an entry point, Virus nucleic acids get into a host cell. Third, Biosynthesis they must replicate virus genome, make virus proteins. Fourth assembly, put new viruses together. Fifth, they must escape. What are cyclins? They determine when mitosis occurs. What are Macrophages? Its a "big eater'' if they find something that is gone wrong, they eat them. They recognize signals, through process of phagocytosis, cell eater. What does Pyruvates turn into They turn into Acetyl- COA, and this is through the through and what cycle? Citric Acid Cycle. What does the Citric Acid The Citric Acid Cycle breaks down carbon, and takes Cycle main function? out electrons and carbon dioxide breaks it down. What does the process 4 ATP and 2 NADH comes out, and 2 ATP + NAD+ P glycosis need, what goes in, goes in. And produces 2 pyruvates. and what comes out? What enters into the electron Hydrogen Protons enter up through the chain, then go transport chain, and then what through ATP synthase, by going down and the energy process does it go through? and the energy is taken away from the electrons into ATP. What is a virus? They have no replication energy, or metabolism. Viruses has nucleic acids, and genomes. They have a protein coat, which protects the nucleic acids. What is cytokenesis? It is when the cell splits. What is diffusion? Diffusion is when things have to be equal, for a high concentration to a low concentration equally. There is two types of diffusion, including Passive, and Active. Passive Diffusion, does not energy, whereas Active Diffusion uses energy. What is fermentation? Is a metabolic process sugars to acids, gases or alcohol. It occurs in yeast and bacteria, but are also oxygen-starved muscle cells as in the case of lactic acid. What is Meiosis? This happens in the germ cells, and produce gametes. Somatic Cells, undergo mitosis only. What is Osmosis? Is the diffusion of water. When the cell shrinks up and Apoptosis become more permeable, and until something eats it is called? Where and how is Ebola Ebola originates from bats, and then it may infect a transmitted? gorilla, and makes them sick, and then humans in Africa eat the gorillas and humans get infected. Where do the electrons They transport it across the mitochondrial membrane, transport to, and what do they and transports hydrogen. transport?
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