another study guide perhaps more helpful
another study guide perhaps more helpful Com 201 A
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Com 201 A
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One Day of Notes
verified elite notetaker
One Day of Notes
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verified elite notetaker
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This 14 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kelly Notetaker on Sunday November 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Com 201 A at University of Washington taught by Ekin Yasin in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 89 views. For similar materials see Intro to comm 1 in Communication Studies at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 11/08/15
COM 201 Mid-Term Study Guide Exam Format Your midterm exam is scheduled to take place Monday, November 9th 2014, during regular lecture time at 120 Kane Hall (our lecture hall). The exam is out of 100 points. The exam will have two sections: Section (1) Multiple choice questions and True and False questions – 60 points -40 questions Section (2) Critical Questions where you will be asked to apply your knowledge about terms and issues discussed in the class to contemporary issues. – 40 points- 5 questions You will have the entire class time to complete your exam. You will do a sample critical question in groups during your November 6th Friday sessions. You will answer the first section using a Scantron sheet. You will write the answers for the later two sections on your exam sheet inside the space provided. What I highlighted is information I couldn’t find. I’m sorry How to Use the Guide - Overviewing the content in the study guide will help you with exam preparation. - Feel free to reach out to us about aspects of the study guide that may not be clear. However, neither the TAs nor me will provide definitions for you. All terms in the list are based on course texts and class discussions. The content is available to you and part of the learning experience is for you to overview the materials yourself. - Beware that your textbook has an index section at the end of the book that may help you with the location of the information. Concepts/Ideas Information Super Highway (Textbook) Page 15 - Took government finding and regulation to organize and launch the Internet system - Internet was previously used as a national defense - Later become the Information Super Highway - Serves to educate and engage citizens in a democratic society - Currently because commercial applications Internet is used by giant media companies to advertise, sell, and deliver products Digitization (Textbook) Page 13-15, 88-89 - The increase amount of digital (Ex. Camera, movies, text, audio) - Technology converges to produce or support digitization - Digitization changed the world of media o Using the digital technology (Ex. Camera, television, phone) - Rise of internet helped digitally based media content be distributed and consumed - Computers, digitization and Internet enable greater interactivity between media users (and between themselves) and media content - Digitization caused convergence of mass media formats o Ex. Differences between cable television, broadcast television, telephone, computer, and so forth is harder to tell now Conversation without Technologies and its value (Turkle) - 2015 Pew Research Center o 89% cell phone owners used phone last social gathering o 82% adult feel hurt when others converse with them while being on the phone - Rule of 3 o Allowed to look at phone of 3 people are continuing the conversation o Makes it easy to easily enter in and out of the conversation (no depth) Light topics (small talk)no firm bonds formed o People think it’s good (never bored) Either talking to someone or entertained by their phone - Phones can change degree of connection people feel o Don’t feel as invested (phones disconnect us from relationships) - 2010 University of Michigan (Sara Konrath) o 72 studies, 30 year period (meta-analysis) o 40% decline in empathy in college students o Most of the decline happened in year 2000 - Younger Generation Interaction o Not much interaction or friendship (always on their phones) o Don’t seem to understand emotions of others - 2014 (Yada ToUhls) o Kids spent outdoors with no phones for five days o Were able to read facial expression - Timothy P. Wilson – University of Virginia o People sit alone for 15 minutes with no technology (told to think about a book) o Rather shock themselves with electricity rather sit and quietly think to themselves o Division with phone makes people miss essential connection between solitude and conversation - Page 6“Multi-tasking comes with its…high, but when we chase after this feeling, we pursue an illusion” Culture Shock (Textbook) Page 16 - Suggest that people are not equipped in the norms of another culture - People don’t know how to interact and socialize a different culture Socialization (Textbook) Page 16-18, 140, 146 - Definition: process of learning and internalizing values, beliefs, and norms of our culture, in doing so develop a sense of self - Through socializing, learn how to perform social roles as friends, families, citizens, and so forth o Ex. Teaching children the necessity of submitting to authority o Ex. Socializing with peers can influence children’s behavior towards parents - Dominate values beliefs and norms of our society become “our” values and norms Structure (Textbook) - Definition (Page 23-25) o Any recurring pattern individual/group/society o Relationship between media and social institutions Media have agency in the sense of acting on their own and perhaps influencing other social institutions Totalitarian regime: may constrain press in society (little agency) Democratic society: in theory, suggest less government control over media (much agency) o Relationship Within the Media Industry To understand those that produce media, need to understand media content Tension between structure and agency is related to how much people work on the media and their power of their positions o Relationship Between Media and Public Social relationship between media’s messages to the audience Hard to send the message across construction of meaning does not take place in individual isolation Media influences us but not determine our understanding of the world - Media Political Environment (Page 73, 78-79) o Totalitarian systems, the structural constraint of the state largely dominates the potential agency of media Use media to spread their messages (propaganda) Using censorship and monitor potential political threats o Democratic societies pride themselves on protecting freedom of the press and freedom of expression Diverse in media material, but controlled by powerful huge commercial corporations - Media Economics (Page 114) o Alter the nature of American politics (mass media exposure) McCarthy hearings in 1950s: congressional hearings and press conferences, Senator Joe McCarthy used media soapbox to peddle his extreme and often unsubstantiated brand of anticommunism Vietnam War in 1960s: first “television war,” media brought the brutal realities of modern warfare and widespread opposition Watergate in 1970s: Washington Post exposed Watergate scandal Election of Ronald Reagan in 1980s: set the standard for mediated politics as former Hollywood actor and his staff skillfully manipulated news coverage Persian Gulf War 1990s: featured massive government effort to manage media by strictly controlling the flow of information and images available to them Clinton impeachment in 1990s: Lewinsky scandal, accompanied by flood of media coverage that included not only traditional media but also several all- news cable stations and a vast number of Internet websites 9/11 in 2000s: television networks broadcast the dramatic images live to tens of millions of viewers Obama elections in 2000s: Obama use media to make a master image maker Agency (Textbook) Page - Definition (Page 22-25) o Unconstraint human action Marshall McLuhan/Medium is the Message (Textbook) Page 309-310, 334 - Cultural imperialism: a thesis, argument that a large volume of media products flow from the West, especially the United States, and shape the cultures of other nations - Countries are desperate to keep their distinctive culture elements Binge Viewing (Textbook) Page 312 - Constantly looking at media without taking breaks - Ex. Movie marathons Zero TV Household (Textbook) Page 5 - Definition: households with no TV - Since the invention of TV less and less people have “Zero TV” households Technological Determinism (Textbook) Page 37 - Definition: Technology determines social change o Communication changes o Collapsing space and time barriers between people - Approach that identifies technology or technological developments - “overwhelming and inevitable” effects of technologies on users, organizations, and societies - Technological determinist’s view is all structural constraint and no human action - Society is transformed according to a technical, rather than a human, agenda The 1% Rule of the Internet--Page 307 - 20061% rule (Creators 1%, Contributors 9%, Lurkers 90%) - 201110% rule (Creators 10%, Contributors 20%, Lurkers 70%) Oji-cree People and Role of Technology (Wu) - Evolving Don’t realize our change Technology communication vs. biological evolution - Oji-Cree A northern town that barely had technology Embraced a centuries worth of technology in a decade Positive Prevented starvation and threated of winter Negative Caused morbid obesity Heart disease Type 2 diabetes (developing diabetes sometime in their life, not born with it) Technology driving fact to previous causes Used to rival daily work outs of professional athletes’ work out Don’t always make best decisions with technology - Try to minimize pain, maximize pleasure Internet Addiction Camps in China (In-Class Film) - (2006) China think internet addiction is a threat and needs clinical attention - Internet cafés allow you to stay for extensive amount of time o Some people wear diapers just to keep playing and not going to the bathroom - Parent encouraged to stay to be part of the therapy o Getting parents to understand their children (taught them that the children fill their loneliness by gaming) - A lot of people thinking that they are about to die of boredom Concentration of Ownership (Textbook) Page 73-79 - Definition: few “giant” commercial corporations are taking control of the media - Ownership of media had become so concentrated that by the mid-2000s only five global firms dominated the media industry In the US (Time Warner, Walt Disney Company, Viacom, News Corporation, Bertelsmann) Integration (Textbook) Page 40-44 - Definition: Integration of technology into our daily lives - Radio o Used as communication, became prime interest for amateurs o Radio Act 1912: transmitting stations have to be licensed by federal government o (1920) amateurs were using radios to broadcast music o (1922) At&t start selling access to airwaves for private communication - Television o Fastest to become home appliance o Producers directed early TV programs to women who were at home all day o Encouraged viewers to adapt their daily routine to the TV schedule - Internet o Initially used by U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency meant for military use o Funding to expand the internet become the information superhighway Homogenization (Textbook) Page 51 - Definition: Blending together o Distinction between public and private has become blurry o People can take on new identities in cyberspace, transcending the limits and the responsibilities of their physical environments - Decrease in diversity in the things that we see Media Consolidation (Textbook and McChesney) Page Vertical Integration (Textbook) Page 40-44 - Buying similar types of things to decrease price used to produce products - Ex. Universal Studios (have theaters to present work) o Own Fandangos sell movies early and advertise movies Horizontal Integration (Textbook) Page 40-44 - Own different Media types (TV and music, etc etc) o Ex. Disney Own Pixar, ESPN, ABC, Mickey - Widespread types of media under one company Media Market Logic (McChesney) - Lowest common denominator theory - Mentality of programming - Using what appeals to the public most (staying safe) o May cause repeats in media, but it’s popular so it’s generally okay Oligopolies and Media Markets (McChesney) - Few companies ruling over media Anti-trust laws and large media companies (Reich) - Fight against market power - Government accused Microsoft dealing with Internet Explorer to stifle competition (1990s) o Settled by sharing programs with other companies - BigTech almost immune to anti-trust although immense power o Accumulated a lot of political power Postman/Amusing Ourselves To Death (Textbook) Page 314-316 - Niel postman o By watching things (technology amusing ourselves to death) o Getting dumber not engaging in the world o Thinking less about our intellectual well-being o Do we always have to be entertained (NO!) Synergy (McChesney and Textbook) Page 83 - Cross-promoting through other corporations/business o Ex. Ellen show—entertainment about entertainment The Hypodermic Needle Model (Textbook) Page 235 - Develop in 1920’s and 1930’s - Liner communication theory - Media directly causes it’s audience is behave a certain way - Passive audience - A very simple process, but media affecting the audience is not that simple Two-Step Flow of Media (Textbook) - Try to find the influence of Opinion - A process to outside influence that affects choice - An opinion leader influence the community with opinions Mass-Society Theory (Textbook) - One-way communication - Intended target - Large anonymous audience - Propaganda Government film employers Propaganda exists all around the world Agenda-setting (Textbook) Page 237-238 - Definition: Part of the world is given to us and it shapes our perception Minimal Effects Model (Textbook) Page 237-238 - Political campaigns only marginally affect the voters decision - Think of ways to support and refute this claim Mean-world Syndrome (Textbook) - Definition: the belief that the world is meaner than it is depicted on the media George Gerbner’s views on relationship between media exposure and violence (Class Film) - Textbook Page 240 - 70’s Cultivation Theory (George Gerbner) 40 years study - Heterogeneous population Homogenization of constant contact with same type of media - Want to test what happens if constant use of media Light watchers 2 hours Heavy watchers 2 hours and more - Conclude scared violence will be done to us - Cultural indicators Projects Perception and reactions to violence How people interpret how violence reflects to society - Media have eclipse of religion, oral, family as great story tellers of our time - Cut out information Violence explains more than words can straight to the point Choreographed brutality world never ween Social Media of Government Officials at Azerbaijan(Pearce- in class discussion) - Extreme cases (authoritarian dictate states) - Gender/political inequality - America turns a blind eye some dictatorships have a lot of oil - Many people lose their jobs if critic the government - Students who criticize reign would have their grades lowered - Use technology to influence/track people on internet - Government create fake information of its own citizen to create bad impression (also cyberbullying) - Detaining them (?)no official truth Democratators and the way in which they control media organizations (Simon) - Part of Political work is to deal with media reputation o More politician appearing on TV, being entertaining o Best way to connect to audience, TV debate A lot of politic structure in media to determine if capable - social strategy to target activists - use cartoon to campaign - Democratators (Behave like a dictator although country has democratic system) Operate in a seemingly democratic way Not one man-reign (elected to positions of power) Act like dictators, but use democracy to run system Shows desire to control - No one country is the same (regional problem) - “manufacturing consent”talk of role media companies to even out political powerpromising things - One way would be by manufacturing consent using media channels Cultural imperialism (What kind of cultural do these companies create?) Attempt to change media alliance from government “the revolution will not be Televised” Go after/target people who don’t approve government Ex. Russia (2000) raise in taxes Ex. Turkey (2009) TV conglomerate evading taxes so timed them Fabrications take a lot of thought Need good control over media channels - Control of Media by Democratators does not mean a complete control of media Lobbying (Textbook) Page 225 - Definition: trying to influence the actions of others Spinning and Spin Doctors (Textbook) Page 131 Hyperreality (Textbook) Page 230 - Recreate media representation - Every reality is a fabrication of another reality photos are reality of photographers and we make that photo reality ours First Amendment (Textbook) Page 73-74, 98-99 - Freedom of speech - There’s not much to know other than how does the First Amendment contribute to the media (how did it help big corporations?) FCC (Textbook) Page 74-75, 79-80, 82, 87-90, 110, 115 - Federal Communications Commissions - There are core rules ensuring freedom/ limiting well - Media consolidationhorizontal/vertical integration, synergy - In US FCC (Federal Communications Commission) regulates US inter-state and international communication by radio, TV, satellite and cable No music, newspaper/magazine, internet Regulation should put a watch on Particular rules of ownership Prohibits emerge of Fox and MBC (don’t want competition) - Changes in FCC approach changes industry (Telecommunication) Telecommunications Act of 1996 - Changes in FCC approach changes Sin-Fyn (restrict TV broadcastsnow overturned) CARA (Textbook) - Rating systems and classification for movies and so forth (Ex. Rated R, PG 13) MPAA (Textbook) Page 95, 97, 225 - Also has to do with the rating systems and classifications for movies, press release, legislation 1996 Telecommunications Act Page 82, 84 - Deregulation of media conglomerates, allows for more power with less regulation Deregulation of media structures (Textbook) - Deregulation (easing of regulations) change how much media companies can own - Telecommunications Act 1996 (sudden decline in owner structure) - Amount of regulation since the 80’s decreased - Larger companies find legal ways to buy companies (Ex. Disney) - Question fair competition (Change of regulation changes media competition) Oligopolistic (few companies rule over media) Moving towards monopoly Music Sampling (Textbook) Page 83 Copyright Laws (Textbook) Page 83-86 - (1790) original copyright act—protect authors Originally was to protect authors’ works - (1998) extension act—protections goes beyond authors Due to changes in technology, Act now reaches architectural design, graphics, etc - Must be tangible Mickey Mouse Copyright Term (Textbook) Page - Predict in 2023 Disney will lose copyright of characters (Mickey) Pirate Radio (Textbook) Page 79-80 - Pirate Radio—FCC vs. Pirate Radio Activist Early 19’s—Promethyus radio Project Local outlet of different voice Legal option of broadcasting Low frequency and limited Do you think pirate radio broadcasters are good/bad? Pros: diversity of expression, publically accessible, provide ability for people to speak Cons: very little oversight Community stations given license from FCC - FCC—Comcast Charter Brighthouse Want to combine Time Warner together with Charter Should they approve? Making it hard for competition, control 79% of media Yes: create larger content monopoly No: less diversity, increase cost, decrease job opportunities, lose agency, company control our pricing - Media Regulation and Consequences (CASE) Pirate By and File Sharing Companies vs. Pirate Bay copy right infringement Should be legal: availability and accessibility of content not always available, no different from sharing Should be illegal: authors unable to earn money - Pirate Bay Cofounder Peter Sunde Arrested Years after Convicted (CASE) Fined 7 million dollars Net – Neutrality (Textbook and Lecture) Page 89-90 - Attempting to keep internet neutral Ex. the speed/time it takes for messages/downloads to arrive Fin-Syn Rules (Textbook) Page - Fin= financial interest; syn= syndication - Limited reselling of some program by same producers (ABC, CBS, NBC) Fairness Doctrine (Textbook) Page - Trying to ensure fair coverage in the media - Goal was to promote public issues - 1940 established st - 1969 abolished because violated 1 amendment - Advantages: freedom of speech - Disadvantages: hard to mark borders, creating imagery of equality/ structure Electronic Surveillance (Textbook) Page 107-108 Cultural Protection Laws and Structures (Lecture) - Restricting foreign content - Government ownership of media varies between countries - US is commercially driven, provide little for media - Protecting the culture and prevent foreign influence on tradition Ex. Canada trying to keep French alive Violence and Video Games (Textbook) - 8000 murders (children see on media) - 200000 violence acts (teenagers see on media) - Violence of violence makes it dangerous Violence create conflict, show sadness, tell a story “happy violence” Make violence not as , sad add humor Meaning of violence is changed - No firm roots/ correlation between media violence and society violence Accuracy in Advertising (Textbook) Page 108 - Debate between reality and virtual reality - Question who gives meaning to the object/form/video - To trust the advertisement or something else? - Advertising does not directly determine news, but news cannot be entirely independent of advertising 2007 Protect America Act and the FISA (Textbook) Page 107 - Physical and electronic surveillance to protect America from invasion after 9/11 Cultural Imperialism (Textbook) Page 254-256 - Those who hold more power are influencing the culture in a way that benefits themselves - These cultural norms then pass on to people of lower socioeconomic status PRISM Program (Textbook) Page 107-108 - Collects internet communications from companies Business Model of Non-Profit Radios and Their Benefits (Conversation KEXP) - Started in basement of Kane Hall 1971-late 19’s - Moved to ave 3 million investement make it gorw Volunteer to professional work - Mission: enrich people life lives with music Other podcasts give program give freedom to choose - Don’t care much about ratings (non-profit) Try to explore different genres of music (may be uncomfortable) - Talk-commercial radios Hear the same song over, run songs that are safe Don’t want to drive customers away - 6-7 million dollars (2 million supportsponsorship) Highly regulated by FCC Little advertisement “development”—gifts from individuals 2/3 of budget - Variety shows High media rotation A person listen’s to all music offer and chooses which goes into rotationdoesn’t matter if music is from a popular band, if not good then not played - Specialty shows Pop music at a certain point of time of different culture. County Piracy and Challenges to Copyright (Textbook) Page Structures of Framing (Entman) - What is Framing? o Schemasthought ties to emotionscannot make rational decisions o Trap of Enlightenment Reason o old viewreason is conscious, without emotion, logic (proven false) o reason is unconscious (98%), logic is physical (brain circuity) o to learn, new fact must fit into how we “frame” things - Misunderstandings o choose word choice carefully to activate certain frames o not just matter of understanding the crisis, but what to do - Politics o man above nature in moral hierarchy o Let-the-market-decide ideology o Conservations think direct not systematic causation o Greed is good (Ex. Cost and benefit) o Equivalent Value Metaphor (if developer pay amount/more, development proceed) o Conservatives view liberal s negatively (reject science) - Progressive Moral System o Personal and social o Personal responsibilityhelp the world starting with ourselves o Rejects market fundamentalism, government necessary for improving environment How should global warming be framed (Lakoff) - Environment Hypcognition: Tragedy of Absence of Flames o Hypocognitionlack of ideas we need o Environment improvement needs government help, but our “frames” make us not think of it o “Global risk is systemic, not local” – Page 8 o Localismidea that necessities of life (Ex. food) made available locally around worldpopulation control necessary o Regulated Commonsnon-transferable ownership of natural world (Ex. Ocean ) Role of Public Media (Powers and Benson) Comparative state of US Public Media (Conversation Powers) - Reliant on public fundings from government - 10-years debate on what news are coming from - Reliance on advertisers and commercialism for journalism But slowly declining in revenue Looking at other countries for help - Per Capital per individual spending on public media Americans spend over $3 per person Denmark spend over $150 per person Everywhere else but America doesn’t have tax on media, that is slowly changing though State of Local Media in Seattle (Conversation Powers) - Has a lot of advertisements and commercialism - Seattle newspaper circulation is in decline Worries about future of journalism (Starr and Page One Documentary) - About the inner workings of the New York Times - A lot of newspaper companies are going in bankruptcy - Predicted, expect, and waiting for own demise (New York Times) - 30% decline in Ad revenue Newspapers as Watchdog (Starr) - The idea that if we don’t have journalism anymore, who will keep the government from becoming corrupt? - The government will no longer have to fear someone uncovering their corruption Value of Newspapers for Citizens (Starr) - Paper give tone to daily news - Electronic, choose your reading, narrow view - Lose specialized form of structure of forming newspaper News will be next to different categories of news Don’t know which news to prioritize - Electronic, giving what we want almost immediately - May not willingly chose diversity to read Give us our own selection and over load our preference Are we good decision makers for ourselves? Dominant ideology (Textbook) Page 154-155 - Ideology is an organized thought Compliments and values Orientations and predisposition forming ideal perspectives exposed through technology mediated and interpersonal communications (talking) Have we internalize our identity through what we see? - Describe values and public agenda of nations, religion groups, political candidates and movements, business organization, school, labor union and profession sport team and rock bands - The socio economic elites are able to saturate society with preferred ideology agenda because they control institutions that disperse the symbolic forms of communication Hegemony (Textbook) Page - Dominance and subordination in field of relations structural by power - A method for gaining manufacturing power - Makes us feel like it’s our choice to consume goods Culture Wars (Textbook) Page 155 - Free market approach vs. government regulation in public interest - Government control is important, yet no one wants government interference - Calling for deregulation is calling for selective deregulation - Debate on how and what extent government should act - Regulation of ownership and control and the regulation of content and distribution Consumer Culture and Advertising (Textbook) Page - Already operating in dominating consumer goods, don’t go against - Operating in a consumer given circumstances - False Consciousness Ideology works in a sphere of culture to neutralize capitalist system Ex. ripping jeans as a protest against growing jean cultures but selling ripped jeans back to the consumer Normalization (Textbook) - Ideas that seem to be part of daily life Ex. eat three meals a day Normal vs. Deviant (Textbook) Page - Most commercial media forms stick to “normal” Safer and guarantee will have consumers - Those that are Deviant are probably like KEXP funding from supporters Ex-corporation (Fiske) - Taking an entity from dominate real and “destroying” it - Ex. ripped jeans Role of popular culture in power relations (Fiske) Newspaper Articles - You are asked to review all the articles posted in the Weekly News Section. For these articles you should overview the following - overall subject matter of the article, place, names and the event - the tone of the article – are they for or against a particular issue, does the author have a particular view on the matter. There will be questions about newspaper articles in - Section I. Nobel peace Awarded to Dialogue in Tunisia -- (Article) - Tunisia in wake of Jasmine Revolution (2011) - Tunisia transition to democracy - War against terrorism (writing through dialogue) - Lucky to not have a single group stronger than the rest - Government in Tunisia is still fragile Ankara Explosion (about 100 people dead) -- (Article) - 2 explosions at Peace Rally Turkish Capitol - Killed 95 people, insured 245 - 2 suicidal bombers - President Recep Tayyip Erodogan called terrorism attacks “loathsome” Cancel visit - Blame the state, prevent election rallies Tension between two nationalists groups soared HDP rally in city of Diyarbakir bombed in June (July) suicidal bombing by Islamic State (Suspects) Charlie Hebdo’s Recovery Form Attacks Opens New Wounds for Staff - Slaughter of colleagues and friends from satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo - Laurent Sourissean draw cartoonsearn a lot of money - Goes back to workemployees paranoiduse wealth to buy bullet proof glass - Trauma caused bankruptcy (1982)revived in 1992 Why Sesame Street’s new character isn’t representative of most kids with autism - Julia a girl that’s autistic - 1 in every 42 boys are diagnose with autism - 1 in every 189 girls are diagnose with autism - Chose girl to remind others girls can be autistic too - Westin (Vice President) found children of autism liked sesame street - Many different forms of autism, may not reach everyone People with autism, 5 times more likely to get bullied Risk backlashbut experts chose her characteristics Connecting Movements for Dalit and Black Lives - Delegation from India break silence of cast apart herd and rap - All India Dalit Mahila Adhibar march (AIDMAM) Largest challenge to caste based sexual violence - Average crime on Dalit person occurs every 18 minutes - Dalit people hold “impure” jobs - Bureaucratic system designed to fail Dalit - People of power try to use cast system in own companies - Not religious fight but political and economical California Protects Online Privacy - Hard to protect electronic privacy - Currently don’t need warrant to go through digital stuff Need warrant to go through house, but not with phone - Companies can sell electronic information to police - New law protects privacy of electronics with the exception of potential cause significant harm the information could provide - Law protects people from government interference with personal life Form “love circle” to push hate out of view - In response to graffiti in Seattle Amor Spiritual Café - Hindu Temple has spray paint says wants Muslims out - Trying to evoke peaceful atmosphere going around appreciating everything One activity involves hugging trees and appreciating their existence Rubric for Critical Questions. The below rubric is a sample. The final version of your short answer rubric will be available during November 6th Friday sections. CRITERIA #1: COHERENCE 3 points - A coherent answer, where overall ideas connect to one another 2 points - Inconsistencies between sentences; has a hard time making links between 6 concepts or arguments 1 point - Hard to follow answer; arguments are unclear 0 points - No answer CRITERIA #2: INTEGRATION OF CONCEPTS AND IDEAS 3 points - Response answers all questions and displays a deep understanding of the texts 2 points - Response answers some questions, but not all, or the association to the course material is not consistent 1 point - Response does not display awareness of course text, or greatly mischaracterizes course text 0 points - No answer CRITERIA #3: LENGTH 2 points - Response is at least one paragraph long (4-6 complete sentences) 1 point - Response is quick and short (less than 4-6 complete sentences)
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