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Exam 2

by: Leslie Lenchak

Exam 2 FYF101

Marketplace > FYF101 > Exam 2
Leslie Lenchak

GPA 3.8

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Intelligence applied
Thomas J Thomas
Study Guide
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Leslie Lenchak on Sunday November 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to FYF101 at a university taught by Thomas J Thomas in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views.


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Date Created: 11/08/15
AlfredBinet(OperationsAnswer) “judgment,otherwisecalledgoodsense,practicalsense,initiative,thefacultyof adaptingone’sself tocircumstances. To judgewell,tocomprehendwell,toreasonwell,thesearetheessentialactivitiesof intelligence. Apersonmaybeamoron oranimbecileif heislackinginjudgment:butwithgoodjudgmenthecanneverbeeither. Indeedtherestof the intellectualfacultiesseemof littleimportanceincomparisonwithjudgment.” 1. Direction-whathadtobedoneandhowtodoit. 2. Adaptation-selectionandmonitoringof strategiesduringperformance. 3. Criticism-tocriticizeourthoughtsandactionstochangeourbehavior DavidWechslersTheory intelligenceas: “theoverallcapacityof anindividualtounderstandandcopewiththeworldaroundhim.” CharlesSpearman - ageneralfactor(g)whichaffectsallintellectualperformances. - asetof specificfactors,eachaffectingjustoneparticulartask. LouisThurstone:7PrimaryMentalAbilities: 1. verbalcomprehension 2. number 3. memory 4. perceptualspeed 5. space 6. verbalfluency 7. inductivereasoning J.PGuildford: OperationsarementalProcesses, Contentsarethekindsof termsthatappearintheproblem,and Productsarethekindsof responsesrequired. JeanPiaget: Functionof Intelligenceis“adaptation” Intellectualdevelopmentprogressesinstagesthatfollowaninvariable,sequentialorder. Today: ArthurJensen-Speedof NeuralConduction. Knownforsupportingtheconceptof (CharlesSpearman:ageneralfactor)andhistheoriesclaimthereislittlechanceof increasingintelligencelevels. 1969Article“HowmuchcanweboostI.Q.andAchievement?” Level1:orAssociativeLearning-retentionof inputandrotememorizationof simplefacts. Level2:orConceptualLearning-theabilitytomanipulateandtransforminputs.abilitytosolveproblems. InformationProcessingTheory: Purespeed. Choicespeed. Speedof access. Which of the following is Howard Gardner multiple intelligence? HowardGardner:MultipleIntelligence. 1. Linguistics 2. Musical 3. Logical-Mathematical 4. Spatial 5. Bodily-Kinesthetic 6. Inter-personal 7. Intra-personal DavidPerkins Power-Amatterof theprecisionandefficiencyof thebrain. Tactics-basedinlargepartonthestrategiesonecancallupon. Content-extensiveknowledgeandexperience. RobertSternberg:TriarchicTheory Liz-prestigiouscollege Tina-goodgrads,poorsats LeighAnn-wellonmeasuresbutnoroutstandingonmany. 1.AnalyticalIntelligence: Madeupof 3components: - “Meta-components”-higherorderprocessesusedinplanningandmonitoringtheperformanceof atask. - “Performanceof components”-processesusedintheexecutionof atask. - “KnowledgeAcquisitionComponents”-processesusedinlearningnewthings. 2.CreativeIntelligence: Madeupof 2components- • CopingwithNewSituations/Novelty. example: “insight”includes: - Selectiveencoding-distinguishingirrelevantfromrelevantinformation. - Selectivecombination-takingencodedinformationandcombingitinanoveltybutproductiveway. - Selectivecomparison-findingrelationshipsbetweennewinformationandpriorinformation. • Automatizinginformationprocessing. *QuizQuestion. 3.PracticalIntelligence:Ismadeupof 3elements,whatarethey? - Adaptationtotheenvironment. - Shapingof theenvironment. - Selectionof theenvironment. Meta-Components: • Recognizingtheexistenceof aproblem.e.g.acceptingnegativecriticism. • Definingthenatureof aproblem.e.g.Inrelationships. • FormulatingaStrategy. • RepresentingInformation. • AllocatingResources • MonitoringtheSolution. PerformanceComponents: InductiveReasoning-Toinferageneralprincipalfromspecificinformation. ■ ENCODINGistheprocessweusetounderstandaproblemandaccessinformationstoredinlong-termmemory thatmayberelevanttosolvingtheproblem. ■ INFERENCE-isthediscoveryof arelationshipbetweenobjectsorevents. ■ MAPPING-istherecognitionof ahigher-orderrelationbetweentwolower-orderrelations. ■ APPLICATION-involvesapplyingarelationthathasbeenpreviouslyinferred. ■ JUSTIFICATION-istheprocessof choosingthebest,thoughnotperfect,option. CarolDweck:Mindsets Mindsetsarebeliefs—beliefsaboutyourself andyourmostbasicqualities. Thinkaboutyourintelligence,yourtalents, yourpersonality. Arethesequalitiessimplyfixedtraits,carvedinstoneandthat’sthat? Oraretheythingsyoucan cultivatethroughoutyourlife? TODAY’STHEORY: MINDSETMATTERS Thedistinguishingfeatureof geniusesistheirpassionanddedicationtotheircraft,andparticularly,thewayinwhichthey identify,confront,andtakepainstoremedytheirweaknesses(Good,Rattan,&Dweck,2008). INOTHERWORDS…It’snotwhatyouarebornwiththatmatters;it’syourmindsetthatmatters Peoplewithafixedmindsetbelievethattheirtraitsarejustgivens.Theyhaveacertainamountof brainsandtalentand nothingcanchangethat.If theyhavealot,they’reallset,butif theydon’t...Sopeopleinthismindsetworryabouttheir traitsandhowadequatetheyare.Theyhavesomethingtoprovetothemselvesandothers. Peoplewithagrowthmindset,ontheotherhand,seetheirqualitiesasthingsthatcanbedevelopedthroughtheir dedicationandeffort.Surethey’rehappyif they’rebrainyortalented,butthat’sjustthestartingpoint.Theyunderstand thatnoonehaseveraccomplishedgreatthings—notMozart,Darwin,orMichaelJordan—withoutyearsof passionate practiceandlearning.


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