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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Yinghui Sun on Sunday November 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY110 at University of Miami taught by Ray Winters in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psycology in Psychlogy at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 11/08/15
Psychology 110 Exam 2 Practice Test All questions on the exams are of the multiple choice variety. Questions on the textbook for Exam 2 are based on the following True/False and fillinthe blank questions. If you can answer these questions correctly you will do well on the textbook questions on Exam 2. 1. The 5 dimensions of the “ Big 5” model of personality are:1.___extraversion________2.___agreebleness_____3. ___conscientiousness____________ 4.______neuroticism_____5.___openness_____ 2. Temperament refers to the hereditary aspect of personality, including emotional sensitivity, activity levels, prevailing moods, irritability, and adaptability. True/False 3. The Rorschach (ink blot) test is an example of a projective test. True/False 4. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) is an example of structured interview. projective True/False 5. Selfesteem in Japan and others Asian cultures is based on a secure sense of belonging to social groups rather than to personal success. True/False 6. According to Roger’s selftheory the incongruent person has an inaccurate selfimage. True/False 7. In Freudian (psychoanalytical) theory the superego operates according to the reality principle. True/False 8. In Freudian (psychoanalytical) theory the ego works by the pleasure principle. Reality principle 9. The ____________is comfortable with solitude, has a nonhostile sense of humor, comfortably accepts self, others and nature, and often has profound interpersonal relationships. p460True/False 10. In the twin studies involving the “Jim Twins” and the identical “Spiro twins,” Carolyn Spiro and Pamela Spiro Wagner (discussed in Critical thinking: The Amazing Twins) one of the Spiro twins was schizophrenic and experienced hallucinations, whereas her twin sister was a psychiatrist. True/False 11. In the twin studies involving the “Jim Twins” and the identical “Spiro twins,” Carolyn Spiro and Pamela Spiro Wagner (discussed in Critical thinking: The Amazing Twins) the Spiro twins were raised in different home and the “Jim Twins” were raised in the same home. True/False 12. In the twin studies involving the “Jim Twins” and the identical “Spiro twins,” Carolyn Spiro and Pamela Spiro Wagner (discussed in Critical thinking: The Amazing Twins) both “Jim Twins” married and divorced women with the same name, underwent police training, named their first born by the same name, drove the same type of car and vacationed at the same beach. True/False 13. Shy people show a high level of private selfconsciousness, but not public self consciousness. ? True/False 14. The terms psychological situation, expectancy, reinforcement value, and selfreinforcement are most closely linked to social learning theory. True/False 15. According to Adler's personality theory, people compensate for limitations and struggle to overcome imperfections by striving to be superior to others. 16. According to Miller and Dollard four critical situations in development are: 1 feeding ; (2) toilet or cleanliness training ; (3) sex training; and (4) learning to express anger or aggression. 17. If we define intelligence by the score obtained on a written test, we are using a(n) _____________definition Questions 18, 19, 20, and 21 concern Kim Peek, the individual with savant syndrome (from “Meet the Rain Man”) discussed in chapter 9 (Intelligence). True/False 18. He could recite from memory 9000 books True/False 19. His IQ score was 187. True/False 20. He was poorly coordinated and couldn’t button his own clothes. True/False 21. He knew all the zip codes and area codes in the United States. True/False 22.African Americans score higher on the Dove CounterbalanceTest than European Americans. True/False 23. Identical twins raised in different homes may have an IQ score that differs by as much as 20 points, compared to identical twins raised in the same home True/False 24. The core of intelligence is thought to consist of a small set general mental abilities referred to as the gfactor. True/False 25. Both crystalized intelligence and fluid intelligence decline rapidly after middle age. wont True/False 26. A woman over 40 years of age is more likely to have a child born with Down’s Syndrome because the reproductive cells become more prone to errors in cell division as people age. True/False 27. Motivation is a better predictor of success beyond school than a person’s IQ. True/False 28. Highly intelligent persons are more susceptible to mental illness. True/False 29. Down’s Syndrome is hereditary but it is not genetic. 反 True/False 30. Intelligence quotient (IQ) is defined as the ratio of chronological age (the numerator) to mental age (the denominator) times 100. MA/CA True/False 31. The IQ of people in various nations has increased by 525 points in the last 30 years. True/False 32. Tests of creativity are more strongly related to achievement in art, music writing, science, dramatics and leadership than IQ. True/False 33. The term reliability refers to the ability of a test to measure what it purports to measure. Validity True/False 34. Establishing norms and uniform procedures for administering a test are elements of standardization. True/False 35. The IQ of an adopted child is as similar to the IQ of the mother who adopted her as to the IQ of her (the adopted child) biological mother. More adopt True/False 36. Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disorder that appears in infancy and results from a deficiency in thyroid hormone. Cretinism Lack enzyme True/False 37. The Wechsler intelligence test was specifically designed to test adults rather than children, whereas the StanfordBinet intelligence test is suited for children and adolescents. True/False 38. Children from orphanages who were adopted were found to gain an average of 29 IQ points. Lost 26 True/False 39.A person’s IQ score is a measure of crystalized intelligence rather than a person’s potential. True/False 40. An embryo that has the XX chromosome pattern (genetic sex) but was never exposed to testosterone will become a male when born. True/False 41. According to the textbook, nature’s primary impulse is to make a female rather than a male. True/False 42. An individual born with an extra X chromosome, called Klinefelter’s syndrome, may, when mature, appear feminine, have undersized sexual organs, and be infertile. True/False 43. It is not possible to change a person’s sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual. True/False 44. Homosexual males are more likely to have serious emotional problems than heterosexual males are. True/False 45. Homosexual individuals tend to discover their sexual orientation later in life than heterosexuals individuals do. True/False 46. Children raised by gay or lesbians parents, compared to heterosexual parents, are more likely to have a homosexual sexual orientation as adults. True/False 47. One of the most important factors in the development of a homosexual sexual orientation is the parenting style, even if the parents are heterosexual. True/False 48. Girls who were “tomboys” as adolescents show typical female interests and female gender characteristics as an adult. True/False 49. Approximately 7 out of 10 men have higher scores on math and spatial reasoning than women. True/False 50. Women earn around 77 cents for every dollar earned by men. True/False 51. Men in the Tchambuli people of New Guinea are expected to be dependent, flirtatious, concerned with their appearance, and to adorn themselves with flowers and jewelry. True/False 52. Approximately 4 percent of people regard themselves as homosexual or bisexual. True/False 53. Levels of the hormone testosterone are lower in gay men than in heterosexual men. True/False 54. Parts of the hypothalamus differ in size in homosexual and heterosexual males. True/False 55. An individual born with only one X chromosome and no Y chromosome (Turner’s syndrome) may, as an adolescent, appear boyish and will also be infertile. True/False 56. Approximately 35% of people are classified as androgynous on the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI). True/False 57. Androgynous individuals, compared to “feminine” or “masculine” individuals, have higher emotional intelligence, are more flexibility in coping with difficult situations, and express a higher level of life satisfaction. True/False 58. Having “Feminine” traits on the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) means that a person is nurturing childlike and interpersonally oriented. True/False 59. Testosterone is important to both the male and female sex drive. True/False 60. A woman is more likely to have multiple orgasms than a man is. 418 True/False 61. The time from the excitement phase to orgasm in the human sexual response is shorter in men than in women. True/False 62. Most child molesters (pedophiliacs) are married and have children. True/False 63. Research shows that exhibitionists are harmless in that they rarely commit serious sexual crimes. True/False 64. Sex education has been shown to delay the age at which young people first engage in sexual intercourse. True/False 65. The United States has the highest teenage pregnancy rate among industrialized nations. True/False 66. Over a year about 4% of married people have sex partners other than their spouse True/False 67. In comparison to modern day scripts, traditional sexual scripts place a greater emphasis on “friends with benefits,” whereas modern scripts emphasis courtship and romance. True/False 68. Drinking a lot of alcohol the night before an exam is an example of self handicapping. True/False 69. Procrastination is an example of selfhandicapping. True/False 70. A college athlete practicing less before an athletic competition is an example of selfhandicapping. True/False 71. Women selfhandicap more than men. True/False 72. Selfhandicapping allows the individual to have an excuse for failure. 73. A fellow student asks to borrow $25 for a day and you agree. Once you give him the money, he explains that it would be easier to repay you after payday in 2 weeks. This is an example of ______________. 74. The three components of an attitude are: 1.____ belief, emotional, action __________2.______________ 3.__________________. True/False 75. Ten percent of subjects delivered the maximum amount of voltage (450 volts) to the learner in the Milgrim obedience studies. 76, 77, 78 79 are related to a study conducted by Festinger & Carlsmith (1959). Subjects were asked to lie about how enjoyable a boring task (turning wooden pegs on a board) was. 592 True/False 76. Subjects in the study who were paid a large amount of money ($20) for lying to others rated the task as pleasant and interesting. True/False 77.Subjects who were paid a large amount of money ($20) for lying to others changed their own negative opinion of the task. True/False 78.Subjects who were paid a small amount of money ($1) rated the task as boring True/False 79.Subjects who were paid a small amount of money ($1) rated the task as pleasant and interesting. 80. There is a tendency of people to attribute the actions of TV actors to the personality of the actor himself rather than the role of a character in the show. This is an example of ________________________. True/False 81. According to the textbook, about 50% of intelligence is hereditary. less
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