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UO / Art History / ARH 204 / What are the agents of catastrophe?

What are the agents of catastrophe?

What are the agents of catastrophe?


School: University of Oregon
Department: Art History
Course: History of Western Art I
Professor: Hurwit j
Term: Fall 2015
Cost: 25
Name: Violence and Emblem
Description: Bronze Age Agean and Greek Art notes
Uploaded: 11/09/2015
11 Pages 119 Views 4 Unlocks

11/1/15 4:29 PM

What are the agents of catastrophe?

Keftiu—people form the islands of the midst of great green sea

(bringing tribute)  

Minoan civilization 

• Sir Arthur Evans 1880s

o Knowledge of Homer’s description of Crete

o The Minoan Thalassocracy

o Local market—found stones with signs

o Evans bought the Hill of Knossos for excavation

▪ Under excavation:

???? The Throne room Don't forget about the age old question of Who is john ruskin?

• Held a chair with a high back

???? Linear B tablets

• Inscriptions engraved—the Bronze Age  

inhabitants of Crete were literate in a palatial  

Who discovers “priam” and used knowledge of homer’s iliad?


The Agean Bronze Age 

• Early Bronze Age

• Middle Bronze Age

• Late Bronze Age

Cyladic Figurines, Early Bronze 

• Austere, highly stylized marble

• Female characteristics

• Generally small scale

• A few exceptions—male figures

• Traces of paint We also discuss several other topics like What are the different kinds of rnas?

o Ancient sculpture is painted

What is gold ring isopata?

Folded Arm Figurine, Early Bronze 

• Toes pointing downward: meant to be suspended

• Found in graves, houses, sanctuaries

• Precious objects acquired in life often taken to the graves

• Created the same time as Egyptian sphinx; Agean civilization could not  match monumentalization of older civilization of Egypt/Sumer

Haghia Tradha, Fresco of cat (detail) 

• Fresco from room 14

The Palace of Minos, Knossos Don't forget about the age old question of In what year did toyotomi hideyoshi died and made his followers promise to keep the power available for his infant son?

• Social, economic, religious, industrial centers

• Authority  

• Similarity—duplicate of palace layout = palatial canon

o Organized around open-air rectangular court

▪ Court is oriented on a North/South axis

o The court is aligned with natural elements—across from a sacred  mountain Don't forget about the age old question of What are the three basic sales tasks are?

o The palace recognizes sacred nature of the landscape

o Minoan Palace did not develop independently—a product of a single  vision and common authority If you want to learn more check out Information comes to us from three basic sources, what are they?

o Lack of fortifications: no need to worry about fighting  

(reconstruction of west side of central court) Don't forget about the age old question of Starting from a pure exchange equilibrium, an increase in the demand for a commodity will result in?

(throne room)

Bull Jumping Fresco 

• 3 stages in the action of bull jumping

• Two women and one man—the female’s skin color is light and the male’s  is dark, keeping with the canon of depicting male and female

Snake Goddess, Palace of Minos 

• Priestess or goddess (?)

Gold Ring Isopata 

• Detailed women in dresses

“Master Impression,” Khania 

• Unknown person but provides evidence of a male figure in the political  world

Youth (God?), Palaikstro, Late Bronze Age 

• Hands close to chest for reverence

• Gold + Ivory —later reserved for gods

The Art and Architecture of Bronze Age Thera (Santorini) 

Minoan art = small

• Master “Impression,” from K

• Boxer Rhyton, from Haghia Triadha, Late Minoan I

Minoans develop colorful lively style

Late Minoan I 

• Associated with palace

Floral Style, IA-B

• Flowers, grasses, reeds, organic network

Linear Style

• Abstract forms to unify the vase

• Kamares Ware Jar, from Knossos, Middle Minoan II

Marine Style, Garnia, Late Minoan IB  

• Corals, seaweed, octopus (placed diagonally)

• Not a realistic octopus, but a naturalistic representation of an octopus • Evoked natural world without representing it realistically

• Floral + Marine style overlap chronologically

o Marine style????destroyed by Mycenaean, palace of Minos controlled  and taken over by Mycenaean palace

IF Atlantis existed, then it existed in the Aegean Sea (Thera (Santorini)) • Most powerful volcanic eruptions, dramatic color cliffs were the interior  walls of the exposed rim of volcanic eruption

• Thera before the Bronze Age—was one big mass encircled by caldera with  single opening

• Thera: the only active caldera in the Mediterranean

Agents of catastrophe:

• 1. Tsunami

• 2. Earthquake

• 3. Ash fall-out  

o People fled because island uninhabitable

Spyridon Marinatos (Greek Archaeologist)

• Site of Akrotiri: art and architecture well preserved by pumice/ash • West House of Triangle Square

o Built of blocks of stone

• The eruption created a time capsule

Floral Style Jug, Akrotiri LC IA

Frescoed Offering Table 

• Dolphins

• *The Marine style has not seemed to advanced before the volcano blew

Mochlos (island)

• House CI: Late Minoan IA buried by Minoan ash

o Rebuilt, covered, and rebuilt by ash

The Art and Architecture of Bronze Thera (Santorini)  

• The eruption of Thera took place at Late Minoan IA and cannot be  responsible for the destruction of Crete

• There are no known human remains (evacuated?)

“Spring Fresco,” Room Delta 2, Akrotiri, Thera

• Originally painting v. Minoan which was reconstructed to show paint • “Hallucinogenic” lilies  

• The color green is not in the color palette  

• Lilies in the process of opening up

• Depicts celebration of nature at the beginning of Spring  

Thera Fresco—Thera  

• Children: distinguished by shaven head

“Boxing Children” fresco, Akrotiri, Thera. Late Minoan IA 

West House, Akrotiri, Room 5 

• “Young Priestess”

• “Young Fisherman”

o placed on walls and moving towards corner

• North wall

o Walking up a mountain, defense line (attack on a coastal town) • East wall

o Nilotic landscape (showing the Nile Delta) winding streams & palms o Mythological world

• South wall

o Festival of ships—parade of vessels for opening of maritime season

“Saffron gatherers”, Xeste 3, Akrotiri 

• Mansion built with massive stones

• Adoration of Goddess atop Tripartite Shrine, Fresco, Xeste 3 o Blue monkey: sacred animal/ griffin: magical beast—both closely  associated with goddess of nature

o Serving/pouring saffron (expensive, decadent, useful for many  things)  

Myth of Brilliant but doomed civilization

• Minoan culture + Theran eruption = Plato’s Atlantis (?)


Heinrich Schliemann 1822-1890

• Discovers “Priam” and used knowledge of Homer’s Iliad  

o Poor historical basis of mythology

• 1874: Schliemann begins excavations at Mycenae

o Lion Gate

Grave Circle 4 

• Grave Stele

• Bull’s head

• Cup of Nestor

• Death masks

Grave A shafts of Mycenae 

• Gold/silver

Death mask of Agamemmon, Grave Circle A

Rocked the foundations of a comfortable world  

• Center of culture and vast wealth lay behind Greek mythologies after all

11/1/15 4:29 PM

11/1/15 4:29 PM

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